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The Editorial Analysis: Fall of Mariupol

 

Russia Ukraine war UPSC: Relevance

  • GS 2: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

 

Russia Ukraine conflict: Context

  • Recently, the surrender of an estimated 1,000 defensive forces who were holed up in Mariupol likely marks the end of fighting in the eastern Ukrainian city that has been under a long Russian siege.

 

Fall of Mariupol: Key points

  • Earlier, Russia had announced a few weeks ago of having taken over the city. But hundreds of Ukrainian fighters remained in the steel mill of Mariupol.
  • With many of them ending the fight and allowing themselves to be evacuated to the Russia-controlled territories of Donbas, the whole city is now in the hands of the Russians.

 

The Editorial Analysis: Fall of Mariupol_40.1

 

About Mariupol

  • Mariupol, before the war began, had a population of half a million, most of them Russian-speaking.
  • In 2014, the region was taken over by pro-Russian separatists in 2014, immediately after Russia annexed Crimea.
  • However, Ukrainian nationalist forces, including the neo-Nazi Azov Battalion, took the city back and drove the separatists further towards east.
  • Ever since then, the city has become a flashpoint in Ukraine’s civil conflict — for Ukrainian nationalists, a symbol of resistance, but for Russia-backed Donbas militias, a part of their claimed territories.
  • It took almost three months for Russia’s better-equipped military to take Mariupol that speaks a lot about Ukraine’s resistance.

संपादकीय विश्लेषण: मारियुपोल का पतन

Setback for Russia

  • Russia started a three-front war but was met with fierce Ukrainian resistance in the north and east.
  • Later, Russia gave up its attempts to envelope Kyiv in the northern front and, at least for now, retreated from Kharkiv, the northeastern city.
  • Its battleground focus is now almost entirely on the Donbas region where Russian troops are making incremental advances.
  • The invasion has already prompted Finland and Sweden, which have historically stayed out of military alliances, to formally seek NATO membership.

 

The Editorial Analysis: Fall of Mariupol_50.1

 

Setback for Ukraine

  • The tragedy of Ukraine is that it has got stuck in a larger power rivalry between the West and Russia.
  • Despite the West’s massive financial and military support, Ukraine keeps losing territories.

 

Russia Ukraine war: Conclusion

  • So, in less than three months since the invasion began, there are no clear winners.
  • While Ukraine is losing territories, Russia is witnessing another round of NATO’s enlargement.
  • Due to the ongoing war, coupled with inflation and an energy crisis, Europe is likely to be facing prolonged instability and conflicts.

 

Russia Ukraine articles for UPSC:

Venera D Mission: Russia Suspends US Participation Chernobyl Disaster: Russian Invasion, Causes and Consequences UNGA meet on Russia Ukraine War
SWIFT Ban on Russia | Russia Ukraine War Russia Ukraine War | Russia attacks Ukraine and India’s Diplomatic Dilemma Analysis of Sansad TV Discussion: The Nuclear Angle Of Russia-Ukraine Conflict
Analysis of Sansad TV Discussion: Worldwide Implications of Russia’s Invasion of Ukraine India’s stand on Russia-Ukraine Conflict Minsk Agreements and the Russia-Ukraine Conflict
Analysis of Sansad TV Discussion: ”Impact of Russia-Ukraine Crisis on India’ Russia-Ukraine Tensions | UNSC Meeting on Ukraine Analysis of Sansad TV Discussion: Ukraine-Russia Conflict
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