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UPSC Sociology Syllabus 2024 Download Sociology Mains Optional Paper PDF

UPSC Sociology Syllabus 2024: The Sociology Optional Syllabus for UPSC is known for its brevity, clarity, and ease of comprehension compared to other optional subjects. If you have chosen Sociology as your optional subject, it’s crucial to thoroughly analyze its curriculum and understand the topics it encompasses. To prepare effectively for the UPSC exam, it is advisable to go through the detailed UPSC Sociology Optional syllabus, which includes the topics covered under each section. In this article, we have comprehensively covered the complete UPSC Sociology Optional Syllabus, encompassing both Paper 1 and Paper 2.

UPSC Sociology Syllabus 2024

One significant advantage of choosing UPSC Sociology as an optional subject is that it overlaps with GS Paper 1 in UPSC Mains, particularly the section on Indian Society. This overlap facilitates preparation for GS Paper 2, GS Paper 3, and the Essay Paper as well. To help you assess your preparation level and smoothly navigate the exam, we have provided a PDF version of the UPSC Sociology Syllabus.

Sociology Optional Syllabus Paper I

The UPSC Sociology Syllabus for Paper 1 aims to provide candidates with a comprehensive understanding of the fundamental concepts and theories of Sociology. It encompasses a wide range of topics related to social structure, social institutions, social change, and globalization. By studying these subjects, candidates can cultivate crucial skills such as critical thinking, analysis, and effective communication, which play a vital role in outperforming others in the UPSC exam. The following topics are included in the UPSC Sociology Optional Syllabus Paper I.

1. Sociology – The Discipline:

(a) Modernity and social changes in Europe and the emergence of sociology.
(b) Scope of the subject and comparison with other social sciences.
(c) Sociology and common sense.

2. Sociology as Science:

(a) Science, scientific method and critique.
(b) Major theoretical strands of research methodology.
(c) Positivism and its critique.
(d) Fact value and objectivity.
(e) Non- positivist methodologies.

3. Research Methods and Analysis:

(a) Qualitative and quantitative methods.
(b) Techniques of data collection.
(c) Variables, sampling, hypothesis, reliability, and validity.

4. Sociological Thinkers:

(a) Karl Marx- Historical materialism, mode of production, alienation, class struggle.
(b) Emile Durkheim- Division of labor, social fact, suicide, religion, and society.
(c) Max Weber- Social action, ideal types, authority, bureaucracy, the protestant ethic,s and the spirit of capitalism.
(d) Talcolt Parsons-   Social system, pattern variables.
(e) Robert K. Merton- Latent and manifest functions, conformity and  deviance, reference groups
(f) Mead   – Self and identity.

5.  Stratification and Mobility:

(a) Concepts- equality, inequality, hierarchy, exclusion, poverty, and  deprivation
(b) Theories of social stratification- Structural functionalist theory, Marxist theory, Weberian theory.
(c) Dimensions – Social stratification of class, status groups, gender, ethnicity, and race.
(d) Social mobility- open and closed systems, types of mobility, sources, and causes of mobility.

6. Works and Economic Life:

(a) Social organization of work in different types of society- slave society,  feudal society, industrial /capitalist society.
(b)  Formal and informal organization of work
(c)  Labour and society.

7. Politics and Society:

(a)  Sociological theories of power
(b)  Power elite, bureaucracy, pressure groups, and political parties.
(c)   Nation, state, citizenship, democracy, civil society, ideology.
(d)   Protest, agitation, social movements, collective action, revolution.

8. Religion and Society:

(a)   Sociological theories of religion.
(b)   Types of religious practices: animism, monism, pluralism, sects, cults.
(c) Religion in modern society: religion and science, secularization, religious revivalism, fundamentalism.

9. Systems of Kinship:

(a)   Family, household, marriage.
(b)   Types and forms of family.
(c)   Lineage and descent
(d)   Patriarchy and sexual division of labour
(e)   Contemporary trends.

10. Social Change in Modern Society:

(a)   Sociological theories of social change.
(b)   Development and dependency.
(c)   Agents of social change.
(d)   Education and social change.
(e)   Science, technology and social change.

Download PDF: UPSC Sociology Optional Syllabus 2024 and Exam Pattern PDF

Sociology Optional Syllabus Paper II

The UPSC Sociology Optional Syllabus for Paper 2 focuses on assessing candidates’ understanding of Indian society, social structure, and social changes in the country. Therefore, aspirants must have a comprehensive grasp of all the aspects of the UPSC Sociology Syllabus and prepare for it diligently. Moreover, acquiring insights into these topics will prove advantageous for the GS papers in the UPSC Mains Syllabus as well.

Below, you can find the main topics covered in the Sociology Optional Syllabus for UPSC, along with detailed explanations. To elevate your preparation to the next level, navigate through the comprehensive Sociology Optional Syllabus for Paper II.

Indian Society: Structure and changes

A. Introducing Indian Society:

(i) Perspectives on the study of Indian society:

(a) Indology  (GS. Ghurye).
(b) Structural functionalism  (M N Srinivas).
(c) Marxist sociology  ( A R Desai).

(ii) Impact of colonial rule on Indian society:

(a) Social background of Indian nationalism.
(b) Modernization of Indian tradition.
(c) Protests and movements during the colonial period.
(d) Social reforms

UPSC Syllabus 

B. Social Structure:

(i) Rural and Agrarian Social Structure:

(a) The idea of Indian village and village studies-
(b) Agrarian social structure –
evolution of land tenure system,  land reforms.

(ii) Caste System:

(a) Perspectives on the study of caste systems: GS Ghurye, M N Srinivas, Louis Dumont, Andre Beteille.
(b) Features of the caste system.
(c) Untouchability – forms and perspectives

(iii) Tribal communities in India:

(a) Definitional problems.
(b) Geographical spread.
(c) Colonial policies and tribes.
(d) Issues of integration and autonomy.

(iv) Social Classes in India:

(a) Agrarian class structure.
(b) Industrial class structure.
(c) Middle classes in India.

(v) Systems of Kinship in India:

(a) Lineage and descent in India.
(b) Types of kinship systems.
(c) Family and marriage in India.
(d) Household dimensions of the family.
(e) Patriarchy, entitlements, and sexual division of labour.

(vi) Religion and Society:

(a) Religious communities in India.
(b) Problems of religious minorities.

C. Social Changes in India:

(i) Visions of Social Change in India:

(a) Idea of development planning and mixed economy.
(b) Constitution, law and social change.
(c) Education and social change.

(ii) Rural and Agrarian transformation in India:

(a) Programmes of rural development, Community Development Programmes, cooperatives, and poverty alleviation schemes.
(b) Green revolution and social change.
(c) Changing modes of production in Indian agriculture.
(d) Problems of rural labour, bondage, and migration.

(iii) Industrialization and Urbanisation in India:

(a) Evolution of modern industry in India.
(b) Growth of urban settlements in India.
(c) Working class: structure, growth, class mobilization.
(d) Informal sector, child labour
(e) Slums and deprivation in urban areas.

(iv) Politics and Society:

(a) Nation, democracy, and citizenship.
(b) Political parties, pressure groups, social and political elite.
(c) Regionalism and decentralization of power.
(d) Secularization

(v) Social Movements in Modern India:

(a) Peasants and farmers’ movements.
(b) Women’s movement.
(c) Backward classes & Dalit movement.
(d) Environmental movements.
(e) Ethnicity and Identity movements.

(vi) Population Dynamics:

(a) Population size, growth, composition, and distribution.
(b) Components of population growth: birth, death, migration.
(c) Population policy and family planning.
(d) Emerging issues: ageing, sex ratios, child and infant mortality, reproductive health.

(vii) Challenges of Social Transformation:

(a)  Crisis of development: displacement, environmental problems, and sustainability.
(b) Poverty, deprivation, and inequalities.
(c) Violence against women.
(d) Caste conflicts.
(e) Ethnic conflicts, communalism, religious revivalism.
(f) Illiteracy and disparities in education.

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UPSC Sociology Syllabus 2024 Download Sociology Mains Optional Paper PDF_3.1

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What is sociology for UPSC syllabus?

The Sociology Syllabus for UPSC Paper 2 consists of topics like Indian Society Introduction, Social Structure, Social Classes in India, Caste System, Politics and Society, Religion and Society, etc.

How to prepare sociology for UPSC?

Often sociological case studies or names of lesser known sociologists can be found in the newspapers. These, along with relevant current affairs examples, should be added on to your class notes. You can further make notes from selective reading of reputed magazines like Economic and Political Weekly.

Is sociology syllabus for UPSC?

UPSC Sociology Syllabus: Being one of the 48 optional subjects in the UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam, It consists of two papers, Paper 1 and Paper 2, each with 250 marks. Paper 1 consists of Fundamentals of Sociology, and Paper 2 consists of Indian Society: Structure and Change.

Will UPSC syllabus change in 2024?

The exam pattern, UPSC 2024 syllabus, and selection process are expected to be the same as in previous years. UPSC 2024 notification will be released on 14th February 2024 by the Commission on its official website, and the last date to apply online will be 05 March.

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