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UPSC Syllabus 2024 PDF, IAS Prelims and Mains Paper wise Syllabus

UPSC Syllabus 2024 PDF– The most important thing, for every UPSC aspirant, before starting UPSC Preparation is to go through the UPSC Syllabus as many times as possible and completely remember the syllabus by heart. The UPSC Syllabus 2024 is lengthy but every topic is mentioned so that an aspirant can focus on each topic carefully and make notes on each one of them referring to standard texts, websites, and newspapers. The UPSC Syllabus 2024 PDF is a guide to focused preparation for the examination. If one overlooks it, he is certain to waste time on unwanted books. For an in-depth understanding of the UPSC CSE Syllabus, refer to this article.

UPSC Syllabus

UPSC Syllabus will be released along with the UPSC CSE Notification 2024 on 14 February 2024. It becomes very important to know various facets of the examination right from the syllabus to the exam pattern to the need for the examination at each level. Aspirants can check all the details like the UPSC Syllabus 2024, UPSC CSE Vacancies, UPSC Eligibility Criteria, etc. from the UPSC CSE Notification 2024. Candidates can check UPSC CSE 2024 Important dates from the link given below.

Check UPSC 2024 Important Dates!

UPSC Syllabus 2024

If you are preparing for the UPSC Civil Service 2024 exams, it’s important to start preparing now. Following the UPSC Syllabus 2024 can help you to do well in the UPSC exam. In 2024, the UPSC will hold the CSE Prelims exam on May 26th. The UPSC Syllabus is designed to test what you know and how you think. It’s divided into three parts: the Prelims Syllabus, the Mains Syllabus, and the Interview Syllabus. This article gives you a detailed look at the UPSC Syllabus 2024.

UPSC Syllabus 2024 Overview

UPSC Civil Service Exam, which is the backbone of Indian governance constitutes all ministries and their departments. The Civil service and Forest service exams are conducted by the UPSC. UPSC Civil Service Examination consists of 3 stages as mentioned below:

UPSC New Syllabus Overview
Particulars Prelims Mains
UPSC Exam Date 26 May 2024 To be notified
No. of Papers Two Nine
Types of Questions Objective Type Descriptive Type
Duration of Exam 2 hours each 3 hours each
Total Marks 400 1750
Medium of Exam English & Hindi English & Hindi (except language paper)
Negative Marking  ⅓rd mark No negative marking
Marks Counted in Merit No Yes

UPSC New Syllabus

Before attempting the UPSC Civil Services Examination (CSE) in 2024, candidates are strongly advised to thoroughly review the comprehensive UPSC New Syllabus for 2024. Successfully cracking the UPSC CSE 2024 requires a meticulous understanding of the complete UPSC Revised Syllabus 2024. Aspirants should concentrate on each topic, particularly those frequently featured in the examination. This strategic approach ensures a targeted and effective preparation for the UPSC CSE 2024, increasing the likelihood of success.

Check- UPSC Eligibility Criteria 2024

UPSC Syllabus 2024 PDF

UPSC Prelims constitutes the initial phase of the Civil Services Examination, attracting over 11 lakh candidates in 2023 and around 10 lakh candidates in 2022. Familiarizing oneself with the UPSC Syllabus 2024 is crucial as Prelims serves as the qualifying test for the subsequent stage, i.e., Mains. To embark on effective preparation, UPSC aspirants should first comprehend the exam pattern and UPSC syllabus.

For those gearing up for UPSC 2025, initiating preparations in February 2024 is imperative. A year-long preparation is essential for aspirants aiming to perform well in the UPSC 2025 exam. This article provides an in-depth exploration of the UPSC Syllabus 2024 PDF.

UPSC Latest Exam Pattern

The UPSC Civil Services Examination unfolds in three stages—Prelims, Mains, and Interviews. Success in each phase requires a distinct set of qualities that aspirants must cultivate to navigate through the exam. It is crucial to have a comprehensive understanding of each phase of the examination. In this section, we delve into the UPSC Exam Pattern.

UPSC Prelims Exam Pattern

UPSC Prelims is the first stage of the exam that shortlists candidates for the Mains exam. IAS Prelims tests the candidate’s level of understanding of Indian and World scenarios historically as well as from a current point of view. The exam pattern for UPSC CSE is given in the table given below.

UPSC Prelims Exam Pattern 2024

Paper Subjects Marks No. of Question Duration
I General Studies (GS) 200 100 2 hours (9:30 AM to 11:30 AM)
II CSAT 200 80 2 hours (2:30 PM to 4:30 PM)

UPSC Prelims Syllabus

Certain topics in UPSC Prelims Syllabus have a high weightage and questions are repeatedly asked about such topics. Candidates are advised to go through the IAS Prelims Syllabus before strategizing their preparation. Candidates can check the syllabus for UPSC Prelims here.

GS Paper 1 broadly consists of the following topics as mentioned in the Prelims syllabus section of the UPSC

GS Paper 2(CSAT) covers the following topics 

The UPSC Prelims CSAT Syllabus 2024 consists of 80 questions on specific subjects, worth up to 200 marks, and you have 2 hours to answer them. UPSC holds the CSAT exam in the evening shift.

  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills.
  • Logical reasoning & analytical ability.
  • Decision-making & problem-solving.
  • General mental ability.
  • Basic numeracy and data interpretation.

UPSC Mains Syllabus

UPSC Mains Exam will consist of 9 papers of conventional descriptive type out of which two papers will be of qualifying in nature. Marks obtained for all the compulsory papers (Paper-I to Paper-VII) and Marks obtained in the Interview for Personality Test will be counted for ranking.

UPSC IAS Mains Exam Pattern 2024
Qualifying Papers Marks
Paper-A One of the Indian Language to be selected by the candidate from
the Languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution
300
Paper-B English 300
Papers Counted for Merit
Paper-I Essay 250
Paper-II General Studies-I (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society) 250
Paper-III General Studies-II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International Relations) 250
Paper-IV Genera Studies-III (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management) 250
Paper-V General Studies-IV (Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude) 250
Paper-VI Optional Subject – Paper 1 250
Paper-VII Optional Subject – Paper 2 250
Sub Total (Written Test) 1750
Personality Test 275
Grand Total 2025

UPSC Mains Syllabus PDF

The UPSC Mains Exam comprises 9 papers of conventional descriptive type, with two papers being of a qualifying nature. This section thoroughly addresses the details of the UPSC Mains syllabus. It is recommended to go through it to gain a comprehensive understanding of this phase of the examination.

UPSC Syllabus for Language Paper

The pattern of questions would be broad as follows:

English Language:

(i) Comprehension of given passages.

(ii) Precis Writing.

(iii) Usage and Vocabulary.

(iv) Short Essays.

Indian Languages:

(i) Comprehension of given passages.

(ii) Precis Writing.

(iii) Usage and Vocabulary.

(iv) Short Essays.

(v) Translation from English to the Indian Language and vice-versa.

UPSC Syllabus for Essay

Candidates may be required to write essays on multiple topics.

They will be expected to keep close to the subject of the essay, arrange their ideas in an orderly fashion, and write concisely.

Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.

UPSC Syllabus for General Studies I

Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society.

(i) Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature, and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

(ii) Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, and issues.

(iii) The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

(iv) Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

(v) History of the world will include events from the 18th century such as the Industrial Revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism, etc.— their forms and effects on society.

(vi) Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

(vii) Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

(viii) Effects of globalization on Indian society.

(ix) Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

(x) Salient features of the world’s physical geography.

(xi) Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).

(xii) Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclones, etc., geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

UPSC Syllabus for General Studies II

Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International Relations.

(i) Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions, and basic structure.

(ii) Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges about the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels, and challenges therein.

(iii) Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.

(iv) Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries.

(v) Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

(vi) Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

(vii) Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.

(viii) Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.

(ix) Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

(x) Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

(xi) Development processes and the development industry —the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.

(xii) Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

(xiii) Issues relating to the development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, and Human Resources.

(xiv) Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

(xv) Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

(xvi) Role of civil services in a democracy.

(xvii) India and its neighborhood- relations.

(xviii) Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

(xix) Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

(xx) Important International institutions, agencies and fora – their structure, mandate.

UPSC General Studies III Syllabus

Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management

(i) Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

(ii) Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

(iii) Government Budgeting.

(iv) Major crop-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

(v) Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution Objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

(vi) Food processing and related industries in India- scope’ and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.

(vii) Land reforms in India.

(viii) Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

(ix) Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

(x) Investment models.

(xi) Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

(xii) Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and development of new technology.

(xiii) Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nano-technology, bio-technology, and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

(xiv) Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

(xv) Disaster and disaster management.

(xvi) Linkages between development and spread of extremism.

(xvii) Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

(xviii) Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.

(xix) Security challenges and their management in border areas – linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

(xx) Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

UPSC General Studies IV Syllabus

Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude

This paper will include questions to test the candidates’ attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilize the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas will be covered:

(i) Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

(ii) Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

(iii) Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.

(iv) Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.

(v) Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

(vi) Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

(vii) Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.

(viii) Case Studies on above issues.

UPSC Optional Syllabus

Optional Subject Papers I & II. Here you have to choose one subject from the list and the subject will have two papers.

A candidate may opt for any one Optional Subject from the following:

(i) Agriculture

(ii) Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science

(iii) Anthropology

(iv) Botany

(v) Chemistry

(vi) Civil Engineering

(vii) Commerce and Accountancy

(viii) Economics

(ix) Electrical Engineering

(x) Geography

(xi) Geology

(xii) History

(xiii) Law

(xiv) Management

(xv) Mathematics

(xvi) Mechanical Engineering

(xvii) Medical Science

(xviii) Philosophy

(xix) Physics

(xx) Political Science and International Relations

(xxi) Psychology

(xxii) Public Administration

(xxiii) Sociology

(xxiv) Statistics

(xxv) Zoology

(xxvi) Literature of any one of the following languages: Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu and English.

UPSC Mains Optional Subjects List 2024

Agriculture Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science Anthropology Botany Chemistry
Civil Engineering Commerce and Accountancy Economics Electrical Engineering Geography
Statistics Sociology Physics Philosophy Medical Science
Political Science and International Relations Public Administration Psychology Mechanical Engineering Mathematics
Zoology Geology History Management Law
Literature of any one of the following languages: Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu and English.

UPSC Syllabus PDF

Candidates are advised to go through the detailed UPSC IAS Syllabus, before appearing for UPSC CSE Exam. Certain topics in UPSC Syllabus have a high weightage and questions are repeatedly asked about such topics. To crack the UPSC CSE 2024, aspirants should go through the complete UPSC Syllabus and focus on each & every topic that is repeatedly asked in the examination.

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FAQs

What is UPSC Syllabus?

Candidates should go through the detailed latest UPSC syllabus, before appearing for IAS Exam. In order to crack the UPSC CSE 2024 you first need to go through the updated UPSC Syllabus and focus on each & every topic which is repeatedly asked in the examination. UPSC syllabus for the Prelims exam covers two papers namely General Studies and CSAT (Civil Services Aptitude Test).

Is latest UPSC Exam Pattern 2024 out?

Latest UPSC Exam pattern 2024 has been released with UPSC Notification 2024.

What are the 7 papers in UPSC mains?

The seven papers in UPSC Mains are
1. Essay
2.General Studies I.
3.General Studies II.
4. General Studies III.
5. General Studies IV.
6. UPSC Optional Subjects.

Can an aspirant download the UPSC Syllabus in Marathi?

UPSC IAS Syllabus is published in English/Hindi languages. One can download the official IAS Syllabus PDF in the same languages only.

Is UPSC Notification 2024 out?

No, UPSC Notification 2024 will released on 14th February 2023.

What are the subjects in UPSC?

UPSC syllabus have different subjects under GS-I to GS-IV.
GS Paper 1 has History, Geography and Indian Society as main subjects
GS Paper 2 has Indian Polity, Governance, Constitution, and International Relations
GS Paper 3 has Indian Economy, Science & Technology, Agriculture, Environment as important subjects
GS Paper 4 has Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude.

What is the UPSC Prelims Exam Date?

UPSC CSE Prelims 2023 conducted on 28th May, 2023.

What is the main syllabus of UPSC?

The pattern of questions would be broad as follows:

English Language:

(i) Comprehension of given passages.

(ii) Precis Writing.

(iii) Usage and Vocabulary.

(iv) Short Essays.

Indian Languages:

(i) Comprehension of given passages.

(ii) Precis Writing.

(iii) Usage and Vocabulary.

(iv) Short Essays.

(v) Translation from English to the Indian Language and vice-versa.

UPSC Syllabus for Essay

Candidates may be required to write essays on multiple topics. They will be expected to keep close to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion, and to write concisely. Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.

UPSC Syllabus for General Studies I

Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society.

(i) Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

(ii) Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

(iii) The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

(iv) Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

(v) History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

(vi) Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

(vii) Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

(viii) Effects of globalization on Indian society.

(ix) Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

(x) Salient features of world’s physical geography.

(xi) Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).

(xii) Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

UPSC Syllabus for General Studies II

Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations.

(i) Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

(ii) Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

(iii) Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.

(iv) Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries.

(v) Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

(vi) Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

(vii) Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.

(viii) Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.

(ix) Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

(x) Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

(xi) Development processes and the development industry —the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.

(xii) Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

(xiii) Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

(xiv) Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

(xv) Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

(xvi) Role of civil services in a democracy.

(xvii) India and its neighborhood- relations.

(xviii) Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

(xix) Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

(xx) Important International institutions, agencies and fora - their structure, mandate.

UPSC General Studies III Syllabus

Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management

(i) Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

(ii) Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

(iii) Government Budgeting.

(iv) Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, - different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

(v) Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System-objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

(vi) Food processing and related industries in India- scope’ and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.

(vii) Land reforms in India.

(viii) Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

(ix) Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

(x) Investment models.

(xi) Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

(xii) Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

(xiii) Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

(xiv) Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

(xv) Disaster and disaster management.

(xvi) Linkages between development and spread of extremism.

(xvii) Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

(xviii) Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.

(xix) Security challenges and their management in border areas - linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

(xx) Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

UPSC General Studies IV Syllabus

Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude

This paper will include questions to test the candidates’ attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilize the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas will be covered:

(i) Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics - in private and public relationships. Human Values - lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

(ii) Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

(iii) Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.

(iv) Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.

(v) Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

(vi) Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

(vii) Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.

(viii) Case Studies on above issues.

UPSC Optional Syllabus

Optional Subject Papers I & II. Here you have to choose one subject from the list and the subject will have two papers.

A candidate may opt for any one Optional Subject from the following:

(i) Agriculture

(ii) Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science

(iii) Anthropology

(iv) Botany

(v) Chemistry

(vi) Civil Engineering

(vii) Commerce and Accountancy

(viii) Economics

(ix) Electrical Engineering

(x) Geography

(xi) Geology

(xii) History

(xiii) Law

(xiv) Management

(xv) Mathematics

(xvi) Mechanical Engineering

(xvii) Medical Science

(xviii) Philosophy

(xix) Physics

(xx) Political Science and International Relations

(xxi) Psychology

(xxii) Public Administration

(xxiii) Sociology

(xxiv) Statistics

(xxv) Zoology

(xxvi) Literature of any one of the following languages: Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu and English.

Does UPSC have mathematics?

Mathematics is one of the popular optional subjects for UPSC Main Examination.

What are the major subjects covered in the UPSC syllabus 2024?

The major subjects covered in the UPSC syllabus include General Studies, Aptitude, Indian Polity, Economy, Geography, History, Science, and Technology.

Do IAS questions repeat?

Yes! UPSC papers have repetitions of questions from previous year's papers, but only for certain topics.

Are UPSC Prelims and Mains syllabus different?

Yes, the syllabus for UPSC Prelims and Mains are slightly different from each other so candidates should prepare accordingly

What is the UPSC Prelims exam pattern?

The UPSC Prelims exam consists of 2 compulsory papers of 200 marks each of them.

What is the importance of the UPSC Syllabus 2024?

The UPSC Syllabus 2024 helps candidates in understanding the exam pattern, the types of questions asked, and the level of difficulty. It provides a roadmap for candidates to prepare for the exam and focus on the relevant topics.