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UPSC Chemistry Syllabus 2024, Download Syllabus PDF for Optional Paper

The article provides detailed information about the UPSC Chemistry Syllabus 2024 for the UPSC Mains Exam. As part of the mains exam, candidates can choose Chemistry as one of the Optional Subjects, with two papers dedicated to this subject. The article aims to present the UPSC Chemistry Syllabus for Optionals, enabling candidates to understand the topics and areas they need to focus on during their preparation. In this article, we will provide you with complete details about the UPSC Chemistry Syllabus and also you can download the UPSC Chemistry Syllabus PDF here.

Quick Updates of UPSC Chemistry Syllabus

  • Strategic Advantage: Opting for Chemistry as an optional subject in the UPSC Mains Exam can be advantageous for candidates since fewer aspirants choose it, and it has a higher success rate.
  • Exam Structure: The UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam includes Chemistry as an optional subject with two papers: Paper I and Paper II.
  • Comprehensive Syllabus: The Chemistry syllabus encompasses a broad spectrum of topics in Physical, Organic, and Inorganic Chemistry, providing essential knowledge for scientific advancements, environmental issues, and practical applications in daily life.

UPSC Chemistry Syllabus 2024

The UPSC Chemistry Syllabus 2024 is a part of the official UPSC Syllabus which also includes topics like reaction mechanisms, stereochemistry, organic synthesis, spectroscopy, solid-state chemistry, polymers, biomolecules, and environmental chemistry. Candidates are expected to have a comprehensive understanding of these topics at both the undergraduate and postgraduate levels in order to excel in the UPSC Chemistry 2024 examination.

UPSC Chemistry Syllabus for Mains Exam

Chemistry is a highly specialized subject in the UPSC exam, and the UPSC Chemistry Syllabus 2024 is designed for candidates with a background at the graduate level. The IAS exam Syllabus for Chemistry emphasizes topics such as atomic structure, states of matter, various types of reactions, and more. It is crucial for candidates to have a strong foundation in these areas to excel in the exam. A thorough understanding of the UPSC Chemistry Syllabus is indeed essential for performing well in the exam.

Chemistry Optional Syllabus for UPSC Exam

In this section of the article, we will give you a detailed UPSC Chemistry optional Syllabus 2024. The UPSC Chemistry syllabus 2024 outlines the specific topics and concepts that candidates need to study and prepare for. By knowing the Chemistry syllabus for UPSC, candidates can effectively plan their study schedule, allocate time to different topics, and ensure comprehensive coverage of the subject.

Each paper of the UPSC Chemistry Optional carries 250 marks, contributing to a total of 500 marks. These two papers form part of the nine subjective/essay papers in the UPSC Mains exam.

UPSC Chemistry Syllabus for Paper 1

The UPSC Chemistry Syllabus for Paper 1 in 2024 covers the following topics:

UPSC Chemistry Syllabus 2024 for Paper 1
Topic Sub Topic 
1. Atomic Structure and Chemical Bonding – Atomic structure, quantum theory, and electronic configurations.

– Chemical bonding, ionic and covalent bonds, molecular orbital theory.

2. Periodic Table and Periodic Properties – Periodic trends in properties of elements.

– Classification of elements, periodicity in properties.

3. Structure and Bonding in Organic Compounds – Concepts of hybridization, resonance, and electronic effects.

– Organic reaction mechanisms and stereochemistry.

4. States of Matter – Gaseous state, laws, and kinetic theory.

– Liquids and solids, phase equilibria, and phase diagrams.

5. Chemical Thermodynamics – Laws of thermodynamics, enthalpy, entropy, and free energy.

– Thermochemistry, Hess’s law, and calorimetry.

6. Chemical Kinetics – Rate of reactions, order, and molecularity.

– Activation energy, catalysis, and enzyme kinetics.

7. Electrochemistry – Redox reactions, electrochemical cells, and Nernst equation.

– Conductance, Kohlrausch’s law, and corrosion.

8. Chemical Equilibrium – Equilibrium constants, Le Chatelier’s principle.

– Acid-base equilibria, pH, and buffers.

9. Surface Chemistry – Adsorption, colloids, and catalysis.
10. Organic Chemistry – Nomenclature and types of organic reactions.

– Organic compounds and their functional groups.

11. Inorganic Chemistry – Principles of inorganic chemistry.

– Periodic trends, chemical reactions, and coordination compounds.

12. Bioinorganic Chemistry – Metals in biological systems, metalloproteins, and metal-based drugs.

UPSC Chemistry Syllabus for Paper 2

The UPSC Chemistry Syllabus for Paper 2 in 2024 covers a wide range of topics that are essential for a comprehensive understanding of chemistry. The UPSC Chemistry Syllabus for Paper 2 in 2024 covers the following topics:

UPSC Chemistry Syllabus for Mains Paper 2

Topic Sub Topic
Delocalized Covalent Bonding General methods (both kinetic and non-kinetic) of study of mechanisms or organic reactions: isotopies, method cross-over experiment, intermediate trapping, stereochemistry; the energy of activation; thermodynamic control and kinetic control of reactions
Reactive intermediates Generation, geometry, stability, and reactions of carbonium ions and carbanions, free radicals, carbenes, benzynes, and nitrenes.
Substitution reactions SN1, SN2, and SNi, mechanisms; neighbouring group participation; electrophilic and nucleophilic reactions of aromatic compounds including heterocyclic compounds—pyrrole, furan, thiophene, and indole.
Elimination reactions E1, E2, and E1cb mechanisms; orientation in E2 reactions—Saytzeff and Hoffmann; pyrolytic syn elimination—acetate pyrolysis, Chugaev, and Cope eliminations.
Addition reactions Electrophilic addition to C=C and CC; nucleophilic addition to C=O, CN, conjugated olefins, and carbonyls
Reactions and Rearrangement Pinacol-pinacolone, Hoffmann, Beckmann, Baeyer-Villiger, Favorskii, Fries, Claisen, Cope, Stevens, and Wagner—Meerwein rearrangements
Pericyclic reactions Classification and examples; Woodward-Hoffmann rules—electrocyclic reactions, cycloaddition reactions [2+2 and 4+2], and sigmatropic shifts [1, 3; 3, 3 and 1, 5], FMO approach
Preparation and Properties of Polymers Organic polymers polyethene, polystyrene, polyvinyl chloride, Teflon, nylon, terylene, synthetic and natural rubber
Synthetic Uses of Reagent OsO4, HlO4, CrO3, Pb(OAc)4, SeO2, NBS, B2H6, Na-Liquid NH3, LiAIH4, NaBH4, n-BuLi, MCPBA
Photochemistry Photochemical reactions of simple organic compounds, excited and ground states, singlet and triplet states, Norrish-Type I and Type II reactions
Spectroscopy Principles and applications in structure elucidation

(i) Rotational—Diatomic molecules; isotopic substitution and rotational constants.

(ii) Vibrational—Diatomic molecules, linear triatomic molecules, specific frequencies of functional groups in polyatomic molecules.

(iii) Electronic—Singlet and triplet states. n and transitions; application to conjugated double bonds and conjugated carbonyls Woodward-Fieser rules; Charge transfer spectra

(iv) Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (1H NMR): Basic principle; chemical shift and spin-spin interaction and coupling constants. (v) Mass Spectrometry:—Parent peak, base peak, metastable peak, McLafferty rear.

Chemistry UPSC Syllabus PDF Download

To access the Chemistry syllabus for UPSC in a PDF format, candidates can use the below link to download Chemistry UPSC Syllabus PDF.

Chemistry UPSC Syllabus PDF Download Link

How To Prepare For UPSC Chemistry Syllabus 2024?

To prepare for the UPSC Chemistry syllabus, candidates should focus on understanding the core concepts, referring to standard textbooks, and practicing with the previous year’s question papers. Below are some about How To Prepare For UPSC Chemistry Syllabus 2024:-

  • Start by thoroughly understanding the UPSC Chemistry Syllabus and familiarize yourself with the major topics.
  • Give priority to physical chemistry and inorganic chemistry as they form a significant part of the syllabus.
  • Begin with a strong foundation by revisiting the basics of chemistry covered in class 11 and class 12 NCERT textbooks.
  • Utilize visual aids such as data charts, diagrams, and mnemonics to facilitate memorization and understanding of concepts.
  • Create mnemonics to remember the periodic table, which can be helpful during the examination.
  • Practice solving numerical problems in the inorganic section to develop proficiency in applying learned concepts.
  • Solve a wide variety of practice questions to gain a deeper understanding of how different concepts are applied in different contexts.
  • Regularly revise the topics to ensure retention and familiarity with the subject matter.

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Is chemistry in syllabus of UPSC?

Yes, Chemistry is one of the optional subjects in the UPSC syllabus for the mains examination.

Is chemistry difficult for UPSC?

The difficulty of Chemistry as an optional subject for UPSC varies from candidate to candidate. It can be challenging for those without a background in Chemistry, but with proper preparation and understanding of the concepts, it can be manageable.

Is chemistry is good option for UPSC?

Choosing Chemistry as an optional subject for UPSC can be a good option for candidates who have a strong interest and background in the subject.

Is chemistry a scoring optional for UPSC?

Whether Chemistry is a scoring optional for UPSC depends on individual preparation and performance. With thorough understanding, regular practice, and effective answer writing, candidates can score well in the Chemistry optional paper.

About the Author

Hey there! I'm Nikesh, a content writer at Adda247. I specialize in creating informative content focused on UPSC and State PSC exams. Join me as we unravel the complexities of these exams and turn aspirations into achievements together!

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