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NSG Full Form : Know About NSG

NSG Full Form

NSG Full Form: The National Security Guard (NSG) stands as a formidable and courageous commando force in India, renowned for its specialized skills in counter-terrorism. Formed in 1984, the NSG is a premier force committed to rapidly addressing security challenges and combating terrorism effectively. Operating under the Ministry of Home Affairs, it is recognized globally as one of the most elite special forces, showcasing India’s prowess in dealing with security threats with utmost precision and bravery.

They are famous by the name of BLACK CATS owing to their black uniform and black insignia. Their headquarters is at Mehram Nagar, Palam.

NSG – Motto

The Deadly Force has always come victorious, and is afraid of no obstacle making their motto 100% significant which says ‘Sarvatra Sarvottam Suraksha’.(omnipresent omnipotent security), and Black Cats have shown us many Times in History that they are Invincible


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NSG Full Form: NSG History

In 1984, during a period of insurgency and high demand for Khalistan, Operation Blue Star was underway. This operation resulted in damage to the Golden Temple and caused significant military and civilian casualties. Seeing the deteriorating conditions, the National Security Guard (NSG) was formed. Since its establishment, the NSG has been actively protecting areas of critical importance in the country.

  • The Union Cabinet, responding to terrorist activities after Operation Blue Star in 1984, decided to create a Federal Contingency Force to combat such threats effectively.
  • NSG’s formation was initiated by the NSG Director General’s authorization and key decisions in June 1984, with operations commencing on 22th September, 1986, after parliamentary approval in August 1986.
  • The NSG is designed for swift and precise intervention, executing a quick strike and timely withdrawal from conflict zones.
  • Established as a Federal Contingency Force, the NSG’s primary role is to address all aspects of counterterrorism across the country.

NSG Mission and Objectives

The primary mission of the NSG is to maintain and restore peace in critical situations, particularly during terrorist attacks, hijackings, and other acts of violence. Its main objectives include:

  • Counter-Terrorism Operations: The NSG specializes in countering terrorist activities and neutralizing threats posed by terrorists, insurgents, and other hostile elements. They are trained to handle high-risk situations such as hostage rescues, hijackings, and urban guerrilla warfare.
  • VIP Security: The NSG provides high-level security to important dignitaries, including the President, Prime Minister, and other key government officials. They ensure the safety and protection of these individuals by employing their expertise in close protection operations.
  • Special Operations: The NSG conducts special operations that require exceptional skills, precision, and secrecy. They are capable of carrying out operations such as reconnaissance, intelligence gathering, and surgical strikes against specific targets.
  • Training and Capacity Building: The NSG plays a crucial role in training and capacity building for state police forces and other security agencies in India. They impart specialized training in areas such as counter-terrorism tactics, bomb disposal, and VIP security to enhance the overall security apparatus of the country.

NSG Selection and Training

Selection and Training: NSG members are selected from different branches of the Indian Armed Forces and Central Armed Police Forces. To join this elite force, they go through a demanding selection process and undergo extensive training. This training covers physical fitness, marksmanship, tactical skills, close-quarters combat, and hostage rescue techniques. The training is designed to enhance their mental and physical strength, decision-making skills, and combat readiness.

NSG Full Form: Some Important Operations of NSG

NSG has performed various Operations over the period of time which have been of great importance. Let us look at some important operations of NSG below –

  • Operation Black Thunder: The golden temple was cleared and handed over to the police without any casualties
  • Operation Black Hawk: Executed in the in the Mand area of Punjab. In this operation, two terrorists were killed
  • Operation Ashwamedh: A hijacked plane was rescued in Amritsar airport and the hijackers were killed.
  • Operation Black Tornado and Operation Cyclone: To capture terrorists and save hostages during Mumbai attacks
  • Operation Vajra Shakti: Following a terrorist attack on the Pathankot Air Force Station in Punjab, the NSG launched Operation Vajra Shakti.
  • Operation Black Money: Operation Black Money was conducted by the NSG in collaboration with other security agencies to apprehend and neutralize criminals involved in counterfeit currency smuggling and the financing of terrorism.

The list is very long , but every time Black Cats undertook a mission they made history.

The Harsh Training of NSG Commandos

NSG commandos undergo 14 months of training in Manesar, Haryana and it is one of the hardest training in the world with a dropout rate of 70 to 80 %. Physical fitness training has 26 elements, ranging from a cross-country obstacle course to jumping from heights and across divides and scaling different kinds of terrain. One endurance test involves martial arts, target shooting at the end of an obstacle-ridden cross-country run. and after that a rigorous psychological test is taken and then finally a person becomes a Black Cat Commando.

NSG Full Form: NSG Organization

The head of NSG, designated as Director General (DG), is selected by the MHA-Home Minister. Since its raising in 1984, the NSG has had 28 DGs, in 31 years, with an average tenure one year and few months. According to the NSG website, it is modelled on the British Special Air Service as well as Germany’s GSG 9 (Grenzschutzgruppe 9 or “Border Guard Group 9”).

  • SAG: Special Action Group. There are 2 Special Action Groups – 51 and 52 SAGs.
  • SRG: Special Rangers Group. There are 3 Special Ranger Groups (SRG) – 11,12 and 13.
  • SCG: Special Composite Group. It has 5 regional Hubs.
  • ECG: Electronic Support Group. The electronic support group stationed at Manesar provides communication and technological support.

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Is NSG part of Indian Army?

the National Security Guard is a special unit of the Indian Special Forces under the Ministry of Home Affairs

What is the qualification for NSG?

A minimum of 3 yrs in Indian Army & 5 yrs in case of Police service Experience is necessary.

Who is the head of NSG?

Shri M A Ganapathy has assumed the charge on 18 march 2021.

What is the full form of NSG?

National Security Guard is the full form of NSG.

What is the full form of NSG in hindi ?

राष्ट्रीय सुरक्षा गार्ड is the full form of NSG in hindi

What was operation Black Thunder?

The golden temple was cleared and handed over to the police without any casualties. That operation was named as operation black thunder.


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