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Organisation of United Nations, Complete List for NDA, CDS, AFCAT Exams

Organisation of United Nations

The United Nations (UN) was created in 1945 after World War II to promote peace, security, and cooperation among countries worldwide. It’s a place where member countries work together to solve global problems like conflicts, protecting human rights, supporting sustainable development, and following international laws. With exams like AFCAT, CDS, NDA, and others coming up, knowing about key UN-related organizations and agencies is crucial for exam preparation. So, we’ve put together a list of these important entities to help you study

List Of Organisation of United Nation

The United Nations comprises six primary organs:

  • General Assembly: All member countries participate, providing a platform for global issue discussions and coordination. Each country holds one vote.
  • Security Council: Responsible for maintaining international peace and security, it includes 15 member countries. Five are permanent members (China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States) with veto power, and ten are non-permanent members elected for two-year terms.
  • Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC): Addresses economic, social, and environmental matters, promoting international cooperation in these areas.
  • Secretariat: The administrative arm of the UN, led by the Secretary-General, who serves as the chief administrative officer.
  • International Court of Justice (ICJ): The principal judicial organ that resolves legal disputes between member countries.
  • Trusteeship Council: Initially overseeing trust territories, it is currently inactive as all territories have achieved self-government or independence.
S. No. Acronyms Agency Headquarters Head Established
1 FAO Food and Agriculture Organization Rome, Italy General Qu Dongyu 1946
2 IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency Vienna, Austria Rafael Mariano Grossi 1957
3 ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization Montreal, Quebec, Canada Salvatore Sciacchitano 1947
4 IFAD International Fund for Agricultural Development Rome, Italy Gilbert F. Houngbo 1977
5 ILO International Labour Organization Geneva, Switzerland Guy Ryder 1919
6 IMO International Maritime Organization London, United Kingdom Kitack Lim 1948
7 IMF International Monetary Fund Washington, D.C., United States Kristalina Georgieva 1945
8 ITU International Telecommunication Union Geneva, Switzerland Houlin Zhao 1865
9 UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Paris, France Audrey Azoulay 1945
10 UPU Universal Postal Union Bern, Switzerland Bishar Abdirahman Hussein 1947
11 WBG World Bank Group Washington, D.C., United States David Malpass 1945
12 WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization Geneva, Switzerland Daren Tang 1974
13 WMO World Meteorological Organization Geneva, Switzerland David Grimes 1950
14 UNWTO United Nations World Tourism Organization Madrid, Spain Zurab Pololikashvili 1974
15 UNODC United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Vienna, Austria Ghada Fathi Waly 1997
16 WHO World Health Organization Geneva, Switzerland Tedros Adhanom 1948
17 UNHCR Office of United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees Geneva, Switzerland Filippo Grandi 1950
18 WFP Office of United Nations World Food Program Rome, Italy David Beasley 1961

Roles of United Nation

The United Nations plays a vital role in maintaining peace and security through various means, including:

  • Peacekeeping Operations: The UN deploys peacekeeping forces to conflict zones to help stabilize situations, facilitate negotiations, and protect civilians.
  • Mediation and Conflict Resolution: The UN assists in diplomatic efforts, mediation, and negotiations to resolve conflicts peacefully.
  • Sanctions: The Security Council can impose economic sanctions or other measures to address threats to international peace and security.
  • Preventive Diplomacy: The UN engages in early intervention and preventive diplomacy to prevent conflicts from escalating.

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How many member countries are part of the United Nations?

United Nations has 193 member countries. Each member country has an equal voice in the General Assembly, which is the main deliberative and decision-making body of the UN.

What are the main organs of the United Nations?

The United Nations has six main organs. Check the list in the article.