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Scientific Names of Common Animals, Check List Here

Scientific Names of Animals

Scientific Names of Animals: Many exams, including NDA, CDS, CISF, CRPF, AFCAT, and Agniveer, are conducted to enlist individuals into the Indian Armed Forces. Aspirants who are studying for these tests put in a lot of effort and focus. Binomial Nomenclature, a formal method for naming species, is used to give unique names to each species by combining two names from Latin or other languages. This systematic method ensures that each species has a distinct identification. To assist candidates in preparing for upcoming defense exams, we have compiled a table containing important scientific names of animals.

Scientific Names of Animals List

Scientific names, or binomial nomenclature, offer a standardized way of identifying and categorizing organisms. These names facilitate effective communication among scientists globally when discussing various animal species. The following is an extensive list of scientific names for common animals, highlighting the richness and complexity of the animal kingdom.

Animal Scientific Name
Ant Formicidae
Arabian Camel Camelus dromedarius
African Elephant Loxodonta
Albatross Diomedeidae
Alpaca Vicugna pacos
Asian Elephant Elephas maximus
Bat Chiroptera
Bird Aves
Brown Tree Snake Boiga irregularis
Gaur Bos gaurus
Goat Capra aegagrus hircus
Bear Ursidae
Polar Bear Ursus maritimus
Sun Bear Helarctos malayanus
Blackbuck Antilope cervicapra
Black Rat Rattus rattus
Buffalo Bubalus bubalis
Bulbul Pycnonotidae
Butterfly Rhopalocera
Cat Felis catus
Cheetah Acinonyx jubatus
Chinkara Gazella bennettii
Cobra Naja
Cockroach Blattodea
Common Myna Acridotheres tristis
Cow Bos taurus
Crocodile Crocodylus palustris
Deer Cervidae
Dog Canis lupus familiaris
Dolphin Cetacea
Eagle Accipitridae
Elephant Elephantidae
Fish Vertebrata
Red Fox Vulpes vulpes
Gavial or Gharial Gavialis gangeticus
Giraffe Giraffa camelopardalis
Great Horned Owl Bubo virginianus
Hen Gallus gallus domesticus
Hippopotamus Hippopotamus amphibius
Horse Equus caballus
House Crow Corvus splendens
Housefly Musca domestica
House Mouse Mus musculus
House Sparrow Passer domesticus
House Wall Lizard Hemidactylus flaviviridis
Indian Cobra Naja naja
Parrot Psittaciformes
Indian Python Python molurus
Kashmir Stag or Hangul Cervus canadensis hanglu
King Cobra Ophiophagus hannah
Koel Eudynamys scolopaceus
Leopard or Panther Panthera pardus
Monkey Simiiformes (infraorder)
Mosquito Culicidae
Lion Panthera leo
Lizard Squamata
Nilgai Boselaphus tragocamelus
Peacock Pavo cristatus
Pig Sus
Prawn Dendrobranchiata
Rabbit Oryctolagus cuniculus
Rat Rodentia
Rat Snake Ptyas mucosa
Rattle Snake Crotalinae
Rhesus Monkey Macaca mulatta
Rhinoceros Rhinoceros unicornis
Sea Snake Hydrophiinae
Sheep Ovis aries
Siberian Crane Grus leucogeranus
Snakehead Channidae
Sparrow Passer domesticus
Spider Araneae
Starfish Asteroidea
Tiger Panthera tigris
Tiger Snake Notechis scutatus
Wild Ass Equus africanus asinus
Wild Boar Sus scrofa
Wolf Canis lupus
Zebra Equus quagga
Earthworm Lumbricus
Grasshopper Caelifera
Honey Bee Apis
Pigeon Columba livia
Snake Serpentes

Scientific Name of Extinct Organisms

Below are the scientific names of some common extinct organisms:

Organism Scientific Name
Tasmanian tiger Thylacinus cynocephalus
T-Rex Tyrannosaurus rex
Megalodon Carcharocles megalodon
Passenger pigeon Ectopistes migratorius
Great Auk Pinguinus impennis
Moa Dinornithiformes

Uses of Scientific Names

Binomial Nomenclature, also known as scientific naming, is a systematic method for naming plants, animals, and living entities. The names are derived from Latin, providing a standardized and universally recognized way of identifying species. One of the advantages of this system is the comprehensive organization and classification of entities, making it easier to study and understand their characteristics.

  • Precision and clarity are maintained through the assignment of unique names to each entity, avoiding confusion and ensuring clear identification.
  • The scientific names remain consistent and universally accepted, even if species are transferred to different genera based on new knowledge.
  • This naming system facilitates the understanding of similarities and differences between species within the same genera, aiding in the establishment of associations between them.

Scientific Names of Common Animals, Check List Here_30.1

Check CDS Study Material


What are scientific names?

Scientific names are a standardized system of naming organisms in the field of taxonomy. They are used to classify and identify different species of plants, animals, and other organisms. Scientific names consist of two parts: the genus and the species. It is written in Latin or Latinized form and is internationally recognized.

Can you provide some examples of scientific names for common animals?

Here are some examples of scientific names for common animals:
Dog: Canis lupus familiaris
Lion: Panthera leo
Housefly: Musca domestica
Tiger: Panthera tigris
Horse: Equus ferus caballus
Domestic cat: Felis catus
Elephant: Loxodonta africana (African elephant), Elephas maximus (Asian elephant)
Cheetah: Acinonyx jubatus
Gorilla: Gorilla gorilla
Gray wolf: Canis lupus

What is the scientific name of cat?

The scientific name of cat is Felis catus.

What is the scientific name of Lon?

The scientific name of lion is Panthera leo.

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