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SSB Day 1 Process, Get Complete Detail of Day 1

SSB Day 1

The Services Selection Board (SSB) interview holds a prestigious reputation for its challenging and thorough evaluation of individuals aspiring to become part of the Indian armed forces. This assessment is notably one of the most challenging and extended interviews, designed to thoroughly analyze candidates. SSB isn’t just a standard examination; rather, it’s a five-day process that employs various methods to assess and understand one’s personality and suitability for a career in the armed forces.

The candidates that clear written exams such as CDS, NDA, TA, INET and AFCAT are then called by respective military boards for SSB Interviews. One can also appear for SSB Interview by getting shortlisted in direct entries – TES, TGC, UES, SSC Tech etc. The selected students then need to appear before a Service Selection Board for an Intelligence and Personality Test.

SSB Day 1: SSB Interview Procedure

The SSB interviewer looks for 15-character traits called “Officer Like Qualities”. The mechanism to check the done by the following procedure:

Day 0 (Reporting):

The reporting day for SSB (Services Selection Board) varies depending on the specific SSB center where the candidate is scheduled to appear. Generally, candidates are advised to report to the SSB center one day prior to the commencement of their testing.

On the day of reporting, candidates are required to bring their Admit Card, original educational certificates, proof of identity, and other relevant documents as specified in the call-up instructions. Candidates should also be in proper attire as specified in the instructions, which usually includes formal wear for the interview and physical tests.

  • The candidates are usually received at the station by an officer(s) of the board and from there they are taken to the selection centre.
  • After the candidates are settled in, an ‘Opening Address’ takes place where an officer of the board briefs the candidates of their stay for the next 5 days.
  • Document Verification takes place after that where the original documents of the candidates are verified.
  • In some boards (esp. Air Force) the Reporting day is regarded as the Day 1 of SSB and the testing starts on the same day

Day 1 (Screening):

The first day involves 3 tests:

  • Picture Perception & Discussion Test (PP&DT)
  • Officer Intelligence Rating Test (OIR Test):

The first day involves the ‘Officer Intelligence Rating Test’ which consists of Verbal and Non-verbal Tests. The candidate gets two booklets having 40 questions each. The time allotted for each booklet is 15- 17 minutes.

Picture Perception & Discussion Test (PP&DT):

The screening day is the first day of the SSB (Services Selection Board) testing process, where the candidates are screened for their suitability for the subsequent stages of the selection process. The screening day usually lasts for one day, and candidates are evaluated through the following tests:

  • Picture Perception: An image is displayed for a time period of 30 seconds and the candidates need to note down its details such as sex, age, and mood of the characters, the action performed by them. The candidates then create a story based on that image in a time period of 4 minutes.
  • Group Discussion: A group of 10-15 candidates is formed from the batch and each candidate needs to narrate his/her story and then discuss it in the group, to reach a common consensus.

The results are declared after which the shortlisted candidates are retained for the subsequent round of testing. Candidates needs to have a good command over PP&DT Pictures to score good marks in the concerned test.

Officer Intelligence Rating Test

The OIR stands for Officer’s Intelligence Rating. It is a test of the intelligence of a candidate. On the screening day, the tests start with the OIR. It is an aptitude test consisting of two sets. In these sets, verbal and non-verbal reasoning-type questions are asked. Candidates are provided with confidential DIPR test booklets and an OMR sheet. Candidates have to answer as many as questions they can in a time interval of around 35 mins.

After the evaluation of the answer sheets. An OIR rating of range 1-5 is given to each candidate. The better the OIR the more are the chances of getting in.

  • OIR-1 Outstanding
  • OIR-2 Excellent
  • OIR-3 Above Average
  • OIR-4 Average
  • OIR-5 Below Average

OIR Topics

In the OIR Test the quections are asked from the topics given below:

  • Relationship
  • Jumbled words
  • Coding/Decoding
  • Antonym/Synonyms
  • Reconstruction of sentences
  • One word substitution
  • Odd one out
  • Common sense and alphabet test
  • Arithmetic questions
  • Completion of series
  • Odd figure out
  • Locate the concealed figure
  • Dice problem
  • Fill in the correct figure
  • Orientation of figure
  • Miscellaneous

Check SSB Complete Process Here

After the completion of the OIR Test and PPDT, the results are compiled, and candidates who clear the screening stage are informed about their selection for further testing. Those who qualify for the next stage are usually provided with an overnight stay at the SSB center and are given instructions for the next day’s testing.

If the first day of testing is dedicated to psychological tests, candidates are usually briefed on the testing process and the schedule for the next few days. Candidates are advised to follow the instructions of the SSB officials, maintain their physical and mental fitness, and be prepared for the testing process.

All The Best for the upcoming SSB interviews.


What are 5 stages of SSB?

There are 5 stages in SSB. These stages are Officer Intelligence Rating (OIR) and Picture Perception & Description Test (PP & DT), Group Testing Officer Tasks, Psychology Tests and Interview

What happens on 1st day of SSB?

On the very first day of SSB, the screening test is conducted consisting of an OIR (Officers Intelligence Rating) test and PPDT (Picture Perception & Description Test).

What is the duration of the screening process on day 1?

The screening process on day 1 usually lasts for half a day to a full day, depending on the number of candidates appearing for the testing.

What is the OIR test, and how is it conducted?

The OIR (Officer Intelligence Rating) test is a cognitive ability test that assesses a candidate's verbal reasoning, numerical ability, and spatial ability. The test consists of two papers, Verbal and Non-Verbal, and each paper is timed separately.

From which topics the quections are asked in the OIR test?

There are many topics like one word substitution, odd one out, relationships etc. from which the quections are asked in the OIR test. Complete list of topics is given in the article above.

Can I crack SSB in first attempt?

Yes, it is possible to crack the SSB in first attempt.

Can I speak in hindi in SSB interview?

Yes, a candidate can speak in Hindi/English or mixture of both.

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