List of Dams and Reservoirs in India: With various upcoming Defence examinations such as UPSC CAPF ACs, AFCAT, Indian Navy Sailor Entry AA & SSR, candidates are actively seeking comprehensive information online. To cater to this demand, we are furnishing a comprehensive compilation of dams and reservoirs in India. This compilation holds significant relevance from the perspective of Defence exams.
Dams and Reservoirs
India is a country with a vast network of rivers, making it an ideal location for the construction of dams and reservoirs. These water storage systems not only provide hydroelectric power but also play a significant role in irrigation, flood control, and water supply for domestic and industrial purposes.
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List of Dams and Reservoirs in India
India is home to several dams and reservoirs that are important sources of water for irrigation, hydroelectric power, and other purposes. These water resources have helped transform the country’s agriculture and power sectors, contributing significantly to its economic growth. Here are some more important dams and reservoirs in India:
|Name of Dam||State||River|
|Nizam Sagar Dam||Telangana||Manjira River|
|Somasila Dam||Andhra Pradesh||Pennar River|
|Srisailam Dam||Andhra Pradesh||Krishna River|
|Singur dam||Telangana||Manjira River|
|Ukai Dam||Gujarat||Tapti River|
|Dharoi Dam||Gujarat||Sabarmati River|
|Kadana dam||Gujarat||Mahi River|
|Dantiwada Dam||Gujarat||Banas River|
|Pandoh Dam||Himachal Pradesh||Beas River|
|Bhakra Nangal Dam||Himachal Pradesh and Punjab Border||Sutlej River|
|Nathpa Jhakri Dam||Himachal Pradesh||Satluj River|
|Chamera Dam||Himachal Pradesh||Ravi River|
|Baglihar Dam||Jammu and Kashmir||Chenab River|
|Dumkhar Hydroelectric Dam||Jammu and Kashmir||Indus River|
|Uri Hydroelectric Dam||Jammu and Kashmir||Jhelum River|
|Maithon Dam||Jharkhand||Barakar River|
|Chandil Dam||Jharkhand||Swarnarekha River|
|Panchet Dam||Jharkhand||Damodar River|
|Tunga Bhadra Dam||Karnataka||Tungabhadra River|
|Linganamakki dam||Karnataka||Sharavathi River|
|Kadra Dam||Karnataka||Kalinadi River|
|Alamatti Dam||Karnataka||Krishna River|
|Supa Dam||Karnataka||Kalinadi or Kali river|
|Krishna Raja Sagara Dam||Karnataka||Kaveri River|
|Harangi Dam||Karnataka||Harangi River|
|Narayanpur Dam||Karnataka||Krishna River|
|Kodasalli Dam||Karnataka||Kali River|
|Malampuzha Dam||Kerala||Malampuzha River|
|Peechi Dam||Kerala||Manali River|
|Idukki Dam||Kerala||Periyar River|
|Kundala Dam||Kerala||Kundala Lake|
|Parambikulam Dam||Kerala||Parambikulam River|
|Walayar Dam||Kerala||Walayar River|
|Mullaperiyar Dam||Kerala||Periyar River|
|Neyyar Dam||Kerala||Neyyar River|
|Rajghat Dam||Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh Border||Betwa River|
|Barna Dam||Madhya Pradesh||Barna River|
|Bargi Dam||Madhya Pradesh||Narmada River|
|Bansagar Dam||Madhya Pradesh||Sone River|
|Gandhi Sagar Dam||Madhya Pradesh||Chambal River|
|Yeldari Dam||Maharashtra||Purna river|
|Ujani Dam||Maharashtra||Bhima River|
|Pawna Dam||Maharashtra||Maval River|
|Mulshi Dam||Maharashtra||Mula River|
|Koyna Dam||Maharashtra||Koyna River|
|Jayakwadi Dam||Maharashtra||Godavari River|
|Bhatsa Dam||Maharashtra||Bhatsa river|
|Wilson Dam||Maharashtra||Pravara River|
|Tansa Dam||Maharashtra||Tansa river|
|Panshet Dam||Maharashtra||Ambi River|
|Mula Dam||Maharashtra||Mula river|
|Kolkewadi Dam||Maharashtra||Vashishti River|
|Girna Dam||Maharashtra||Girana river|
|Vaitarna Dam||Maharashtra||Vaitarna river|
|Radhanagari Dam||Telangana||Bhogawati River|
|Lower Manair Dam||Telangana||Manair River|
|Mid Manair Dam||Telangana||Manair River and SRSP Flood Flow Canal|
|Upper Manair Dam||Telangana||Manair River and Kudlair River|
|Khadakwasla Dam||Maharashtra||Mutha River|
|Gangapur Dam||Maharashtra||Godavari river|
|Jalaput Dam||Andhra Pradesh and Odisha Border||Machkund River|
|Indravati Dam||Odisha||Indravati River|
|Hirakud Dam||Odisha||Mahanadi River|
|Vaigai Dam||Tamil Nadu||Vaigai River|
|Perunchani Dam||Tamil Nadu||Paralayar River|
|Mettur Dam||Tamil Nadu||Kaveri River|
|Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar Dam also Rihand dam||Uttar Pradesh||Rihand River|
|Tehri Dam||Uttarakhand||Bhagirathi River|
|Dhauli Ganga Dam||Uttarakhand||Dhauli Ganga River|
Dams in Gujarat
Dams in Gujarat were mainly constructed to control floods, but they later started to function as water suppliers and reservoirs. Out of a total of 541 Indian Dams, Gujarat has around 21 large dams. The five chief dam-related projects of Gujarat are Sardar Sarovar, Ukai, Dantiwada, Kadana and Dharoi dam projects. These projects are considered to be the main sources of water for irrigation and drinking across the state. Given below is the list of some of the Dams in Gujarat.
Sardar Sarovar Dam
- Sardar Sarovar Dam was one of the main projects executed in Gujarat. 30 large dams were planned for Narmada River in Gujarat.
- The multi-purpose Sardar Sarovar Project (SSP) irrigates a land of more than 1.8 million hectares.Ukai Dam
- Ukai Dam has been constructed across the Tapti River in the Surat district.
- It has the largest reservoir in Gujarat known as ‘Vallabh Sagar’.
- It is the second-largest dam in the state and has the second largest storage capacity among the existing dams in Gujarat.
- Dantiwada Dam is located on the outer reaches of Dantiwada in Banaskantha District of Gujarat.
- The dam is considered to be a prime tourist attraction of the district and attracts many visitors to its scenic surroundings and natural beauty.
- Situated nearby is Balaram Ambaji Wild Life Sanctuary which forms the division between the Dharoi Dam and Dantiwada Dam
- Dharoi Dam is located at Dharoi in Sabarkantha District.
- Dharoi Dam was constructed for supplying drinking water to urban areas including Ahmedabad, which is located around 85 kilometres away.
- Dharoi Dam was built across the Sabarmati River in the year 1973.
- The dam is one of the popular tourist spots in Gujarat.
- Kadana Dam is another popular dam in Gujarat.
- The prime objective behind its construction on the Mahi River was to control floods in the catchments.
- Dholidhaja Dam, located in Surendranagar is the chief source of water for the cities of Wadhwan, Joravarnagar, Ratanpar and Surendranagar.
- The dam is on the Bhogavo River and supplies clean drinking water to almost 4 lakh people in and around the cities.
- Kamleshwar Dam or Hiran I Dam is located inside the Gir Forest National Park on the Hiran River in Visavadar, Junagadh district.
- It is a rock-fill embankment dam with a height of about 25 m. The reservoir is famous for crocodiles and birds.
Other Dams in Gujarat
Some of the other Dams in Gujarat are Khodiyar Dam, Mitti Dam, Sukhi Dam and Nayka Dam.
Dams in Maharashtra
There are approximately 1821 dams in Maharashtra. The dam is the central structure in a multi-purpose plan designed to conserve water resources on a regional basis.
- Mula Dam located nearby Baragoan Nandur Village is a noteworthy dam of Maharashtra State.
- Mula Dam is the largest dam in the district of Ahmednagar and was constructed in the year of 1974.
- This dam is situated in the picturesque backdrop and is a well-known place of tourist attraction.
- Koyna Dam is another main dam of Maharashtra state which is located in Koyna Nagar.
- The Nath Sagar or the Jaikwadi Dam is located nearby Paitan which is situated nearly 50 km distance away from the district of Aurangabad.
- This dam, constructed on the Godavari River, is at a distance of about 115 km from the district of Ahmednagar.
- Ujani Dam is constructed on the Bhima River and very popular site of the Maharashtra state.
- Ujani Dam is located Pune district’s Taluka of Indapur. It occupies very large area for rainfall collections.
- Mula River has got a very well-known dam named as Mulshi Dam which is situated in the district of Pune.
- This dam and its water are solely used for farming and irrigation purposes.
- Mulshi Dam is operated by Tata Power Company Ltd., to produce electricity at the nearby sited Bhira Hydroelectric Power Plant.
- Panshet Dam was commissioned only for rural agriculture purposes nearly 40 years back and is the main water source for the Thane district.
- Used for Hydro-electric Power generation and irrigating the agricultural lands for better crops.
- Bhandardara Dam is one of the oldest, most important and major dams of the Maharashtra state.
- Bhandardara Dam was built and erected in 1926 over Arthur Lake of the Ahmednagar district of Maharashtra.
- This dam is very famous for its sightseeing and scenic tourist attractions.
- Bhandardara Dam is constructed at an altitude of 750 meters above sea level and is one of the oldest dams in Asia.
- Vaitarna Dam of Thane is separated into three parts namely upper Vaitarna Dam, middle Vaitarna Dam and lower Vaitarna Dam according to the stream of the Vaitarna River.
- Pawna Dam is very near to Lonavala which was built across Pawna River and thus the name.
- The surrounding area of this Dam is acknowledged as one of the best tourist target where visitors can enjoy the ferryboat services across the river to promote the sightseeing in Lonavala.
- The Girna Dam is situated in the district of Nasik in Maharashtra state.
- This dam is drained by the Godavari River and Girna River, the two main Rivers of Maharashtra.
- Girna Dam was built for the specific purpose of field irrigation after collecting the overflow water of these two Rivers during the rainy season.
Nandur Madhmeshwar Dam
- Nandur Madhmeshwar Dam is under construction and is being taken care of by the state Government of Maharashtra.
- The basic reason for the construction of the Nandur Madhmeshwar Dam is to facilitate and enhance the water irrigation of the area.
- The Kolkewadi Dam is an essential part of the hydroelectric project of the Koyna Dam which is located in the region of Konkan of Maharashtra state.
- The Kolkewadi Dam is situated at the site which is largely the sparingly inhabited area of Maharashtra state.
Dams and Reservoirs in Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu is a beautiful state and what enhances its beauty are the water reservoirs and dams. It also helps the state earn a profit. These dams provide water to the land as well as is used for drinking purposes. With the help of this stored water, Tamil Nadu generates electricity. Below, we have given a list of Dams in Tamil Nadu.
|Adavinainarkovil Dam||Irrigation||Thamirabarani River|
|Aliyar Reservoir||Hydroelectric, Irrigation||Aliyar River|
|Amaravathi Dam||Hydroelectric, Irrigation||Amaravati|
|Anaikuttam Dam||Irrigation||Arjuna Nadhi|
|Andiappanur Odai Dam||–||Pambar|
|Avalanche Dam||Hydroelectric||Avalanche & Emerald Streams|
|Berijam Lake||–||Kodiyetan Ar|
|Chittar I Dam||Irrigation||Chittar|
|Chittar II Dam||Irrigation||Chittar|
|East Varahapallam dam||–||East varahapallam|
|Gatana Dam||Irrigation||Gatana nadhi|
|Glenmorgan Forbay Dam||Hydroelectric||–|
|Golwarpatti Dam||–||Arujuna & Gowsiha|
|Highways Dam||Hydroelectric||Highways St.|
|Irukkangudi Dam||Irrigation||Vaippar, Arjuna|
|Kamraju Sagar (Sandy Nalla) Dam||–||Sandynallah|
|Kundah Palam Dam||Hydroelectric||Kundah|
|Kuttiyadi (Augmentation Main ) (Padinjarethara)||Hydroelectric||Karamenthodu|
|Lower Bhavani Dam||Hydroelectric, Irrigation||Bhavani|
|Lower Kodayar Dam||Hydroelectric||Kodayar|
|Lower Nirar Dam||Hydroelectric, Irrigation||Nirar|
|Manimukthanadhi Dam||Flood Control, Irrigation||Manimuktha|
|Maravakandi Forbay Dam||Hydroelectric||Aravarihalla|
|Mettur Dam||Hydroelectric, Irrigation||Kaveri|
|Moyar Forebay Dam||Hydroelectric||–|
|Nallathangal Odai Dam||–||Nallathangal Odai|
|Nilayur Bed Dam||Irrigation||Vagai|
|Noyyal Athupalayam Dam||Irrigation||Noyyal|
|Noyyal Orathupalayam Dam||Irrigation||Noyyal|
|Palar Porundalar Dam||Irrigation||PalarPorundalar|
|Pambar Dam||Flood Control,Irrigation||Pambar|
|Parson’s Valley Dam||Hydroelectric||Parson Valley Stream|
|Pegumbahallah Forebay Dam||Hydroelectric||Pengumbahallh|
|Pilavukkal Kovilar Dam||–||Kovilar|
|Pilavukkal Periyar Dam||–||Periyar|
|Porthimund Dam||Hydroelectric||Porthimund St|
|Rajathope Kanar Dam||Irrigation||Rajathopekanar|
|Sathanur Dam||Hydroelectric, Irrigation||Ponniar|
|Servalar Dam||Hydroelectric, Irrigation||Servalar/ Tambiraparani|
|Sholayar Dam||Hydroelectric, Irrigation||Sholayar|
|Shoolagiri Chinnar Dam||Irrigation||Shoolagiri Chinnar|
|Thumblahalli Dam||Flood Control, Irrigation||Pulapatti|
|Upper (Erode) Dam||–||Uppar|
|Upper Aliyar Dam||Hydroelectric||Aliyar|
|Upper Bhavani Dam||Hydroelectric||Bhavani|
|Upper Kodayar Dam||Hydroelectric||Kodayar|
|Upper Kodayar Diversion dam||–||Kodayar|
|Vadakku Paichaiyar Dam||Irrigation||Vadakkupaichaiyar|
|Vaigai Dam||Hydroelectric, Irrigation||Vaigai|
|Vattamalaikarai Odai Dam||Irrigation||V.K. Odai|
|West Varahapallam Weir Dam||–||W.V.Pallam|
|Western Catchment No. I Dam||Hydroelectric||Arickyampuzha|
|Western Catchment No. II Dam||Hydroelectric||Karampuzha|
|Western Catchment No. III Dam||Hydroelectric||Karampuzha|
Dams and Reservoirs in Karnataka
Check all the important Dams and Reservoirs of Karnataka below –
|Basava Sagara Dam(Narayanpur Dam)||Krishna||1982|
|Raja Lakhamagowda dam||Ghataprabha||1977|
|Renuka Sagara Dam||Malaprabha||1972|
|Vani Vilasa Sagara||Vedavathi||1907|
|Upper Tunga Dam||Tunga||2007|
|Krishna Raja Sagara Dam||Kaveri||1931|
Dams and Reservoirs in Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh is well known for its fertile lands, and plains and has the most Dams, Reservoirs, Lakes, Ponds, Wells, and Canals across the Eastern Ghats of India. It also has the second largest river delta consisting of river systems of Krishna and Godavari rivers in the country.
|Name & Place||River Basin||Constructed Year|
|Nagarjuna Sagar Dam, Vijayapuri South||Krishna River||1967|
|polavaram, bank of godavari||Godavari river||under construction|
|Srisailam Dam, Srisailam||Krishna River||1981|
|Polavaram Project, Polavaram||Godavari River||Under Construction|
|Somasila Dam, Somasila village||Penna River||1989|
|Pulichinthala Project, Pulichinthala village||Krishna River||2009|
|Nallamalasagar Reservoir, Markapur||Krishna River||Under Construction|
|Jalaput Dam, Jalaput||Machkund River||2000|
|Gandikota Reservoir, Gandikota village||Penna River and Chitravathi River||2013|
|Kalyani Dam, Tirupati||Swarnamukhi River||1977|
|Brahmamsagar Reservoir, Bramhamgari Matham||Penna River||1984|
|Velugodu Balancing Reservoir, Velgode||Galeru River||2016|
|PABR Dam, Penna Ahobilam||Penna River||1983|
|Vykuntapuram Barrage, Amaravati||Krishna River||Under Construction|
|Chitravathi Balancing Reservoir, Parnapalli village||Chitravathi River||2003|
|Mylavaram Dam, Mylavaram||Penna River||1981-82|
|Dowleswaram Barrage, Rajahmundry||Godavari River||1850|
|Mid Pennar Dam, Marutla village||Penna River||1980|
|Veligallu Dam Reservoir, Galiveedu||Papagni River||2008|
|Rajolibanda Dam, Kurnool||Tungabhadra River||1956|
|Gundlakamma Reservoir Project, Chinnamallavaram||Gundlakamma River||1978|
|Tatipudi Reservoir, Tatipudi||Gosthani River||1968|
|Prakasham Barrage, Vijayawada||Krishna River||1855|
|Thotapalli Barrage, Thotapali village||Nagavali River||2015|
|Sanjeevaiah Sagar Dam, Gajuladinne village||Handri River||2013|
|Sunkesula Barrage, Kurnool||Tungabhadra River||1861|
|Jeedipalli Reservoir, Jeedipalli village||Handri River||2012|
|Gollapalli Reservoir, Penukonda||Handri River||2016|
Dams in Kerala
Check all the important dams of Kerala below –
|Name of Dam||District||Impounding River|
|Neyyar dam||Thiruvananthapuram||Neyyar river|
|Thenmala (Parappar) dam||Kollam||Kallada river|
|Idukki dam||Idukki||Periyar river|
|Kundala dam||Munnar, Idukki||Periyar river|
|Mattupatti dam||Munnar, Idukki||Streams of Muthirappuzha, Chanduvarai river and Kundali river|
|Mullaperiyar dam||Idukki||Periyar river|
|Chalakkudy Dam (Sholayar dam)||Chalakkudy, Thrissur||Chalakudy river|
|Peechi dam||Thrissur||Manali (Peechi) river|
|Vazhani dam||Thrissur||Keecheri river|
|Chulliyar dam||Muthalamada, Palakkad||Chulliyar river|
|Kanjirapuzha dam||Palakkad||Kanjirapuzha River|
|Malampuzha dam||Palakkad||Malampuzha river|
|Mangalam dam||Palakkad||Cherukunnapuzha River|
|Parambikulam dam||Palakkad||Parambikulam river|
|Pothundi dam||Palakkad||Bharatapuzha river|
|Siruvani dam||Palakkad||Siruvani river|
|Walayar dam||Palakkad||Kalpathipuzha river|
|Banasura Sagar dam||Kalpetta, Wayanad||Kabini river|
|Aruvikkara dam||Thiruvananthapuram||Karamana river|
|Peruvaaripallam Dam||Palakkad||Chalakkudy river|
|Perigalkuthu dam||Thrissur||Chalakkudy river|
|Kuttiady dam||Kozhikode||Kuttiyady river|
|Pamba dam||Pathanamthitta||Pampa River|
Oldest Dam in India
Kallanai Dam in Tamil Nadu is the oldest dam in India.
- It is also known as Grand Anicut. It is built across Kaveri river and it is in the Thanjavur district of Tamilnadu.
- Kallanai Dam was built by King Karikalan of the Chola dynasty in c. 100 BC – c. 100 AD.
Highest Dam in India
Tehri Dam in Uttarakhand is the Highest Dam in India.
- The dam’s height is 260.5 m (855 ft) and its length is 575 m (1,886 ft).
- It is built on the Bhagirathi River.
Longest Dam in India
Hirakud Dam in Odisha is the Longest Dam in India.
- Hirakud Dam is built across the Mahanadi River and it is around 25.79 km long.
- The year of completion of Hirakud dam is 1953
Reservoirs in India
Here we have listed important and major reservoirs with their state and river. Candidates can check the list below.
|Dindi Reservoir||Telangana||Krishna River|
|Lower Manair Reservoir||Telangana||Manair River|
|Tatipudi Reservoir Project||Andhra Pradesh||Gosthani River|
|Gandipalem Reservoir||Andhra Pradesh||Manneru River|
|Himayat Sagar Reservoir||Telangana||Osman Sagar|
|Shriram Sagar Reservoir||Telangana||Godavari River|
|Gobind Sagar Reservoir||Himachal Pradesh||Sutlej River|
|Maharana Pratap Sagar Reservoir||Himachal Pradesh||Pong Dam Lake|
|Ghataprabha Reservoir||Karnataka||Ghataprabha River|
|Hemavathi Reservoir||Karnataka||Hemavati River|
|Tawa Reservoir||Madhya Pradesh||Tawa River|
|Balimela Reservoir||Odisha||Sileru River|
|Aliyar Reservoir||Tamil Nadu||Aliyar River|
|Chittar Reservoir||Tamil Nadu||Chittar River|
|Krishnagiri Reservoir||Tamil Nadu||Thenpennai River|
|Manimuthar Reservoir||Tamil Nadu||Tamirabarani River|
|Pechiparai Reservoir||Tamil Nadu||Kodayar River|
|Shoolagiri Chinnar Reservoir||Tamil Nadu||Chinnar River|
|Thunakadavu Reservoir||Tamil Nadu||Thunacadavu River|
|Varattu Pallam Reservoir||Tamil Nadu||Kaveri River|
|Vidur Reservoir||Tamil Nadu||Sankaraparani River|
|Amaravathi Reservoir||Tamil Nadu||Amaravathi River|
|Gundar Reservoir||Tamil Nadu||Berijam Lake|
|Kullursandai Reservoir||Tamil Nadu||Arjuna Nadi|
|Pambar Reservoir||Tamil Nadu||Pambar River|
|Periyar Reservoir||Tamil Nadu||Periyar River|
|Stanley Reservoir||Tamil Nadu||Kaveri River|
|Uppar Reservoir||Tamil Nadu||Uppar River|
|Vattamalaikarai Odai Reservoir||Tamil Nadu||Odai River|
|Willingdon Reservoir||Tamil Nadu||Periya Odai River|
|Bhavanisagar Reservoir||Tamil Nadu||Bhavani River|
|Kodaganar Reservoir||Tamil Nadu||Kodagananar River|
|Manimukthanadhi Reservoir||Tamil Nadu||Krishna River|
|Parambikulam Reservoir||Tamil Nadu||Parambikulam River|
|Sholayar Reservoir||Tamil Nadu||Chalakkud River|
|Thirumurthi Reservoir||Tamil Nadu||Parmabikulam and Aliyar River|
|Varadamanadhi Reservoir||Tamil Nadu||Aliyar River|
|Vembakottai Reservoir||Tamil Nadu||Vaippar River|
|Manjalar Reservoir||Tamil Nadu||Manjalar River|
|Salal Project||Jammu and Kashmir||Chenab River|
|Chutak Hydroelectric Project||Jammu and Kashmir||Suru River|
|Indirasagar Project||Madhya Pradesh||Narmada River|
|Narmada Dam Project||Madhya Pradesh||Narmada River|
|Rihand Project||Uttar Pradesh||Rihand River and Son River|
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Difference Between Dams and Reservoirs
A dam is a barrier to the flow of a river. It could be a stone wall, or a concrete wall across the river to stop the flow. This is called Dam. A reservoir may be a clay or rock deposit. These dams are well-designed and constructed to completely stop the flowing water. Appropriate drainage channels have been installed on top of the dam so that flood water can safely flow downstream.
A reservoir is a part where water is stored behind a dam. They are designed to accumulate to keep all the water flowing throughout the year, given the storage capacity of the valley behind the dam. The Reservoir is designed to accommodate the expected sludge from the inlet.
A dam and a reservoir are both often designed for a life of 100 years.