The Union Public Service Commission has released the detailed PDF of the NDA Syllabus 2024 in the official notification. Candidates should check the UPSC NDA Syllabus to understand the topics covered for the upcoming NDA Exam. The syllabus includes two subjects: Mathematics and General Ability Test. The NDA Syllabus 2024 consists only of objectivetype questions. Candidates should also review the NDA Exam Pattern 2024 to grasp the exam format and requirements. Read the full article to see the NDA Syllabus 2024, exam pattern, marking scheme, and additional details.
NDA Syllabus 2024
The Union Public Service Commission conducts NDA examination twice a year. Candidates cracking the NDA Exam are recruited for the admission in the National Defence Academy. Aspirants joining the Indian Armed Forces through the NDA exam will join Permanent Commission. Here, We have discussed the NDA Written exam Syllabus for the candidates to help them prepare accordingly for the NDA 2024.
The NDA written exam is divided into two papers:
1) Paper 1 Mathematics
2) Paper 2 General Ability Test (GAT)
NDA Syllabus 2024: Overview
Both boys and girls planning to apply for NDA 2024 should start preparing by studying the detailed NDA Syllabus, which covers topics, patterns and the marking scheme. The NDA 2 exam will be conducted offline on 1st September 2024. Below are the main points of the NDA Syllabus and Exam Pattern:
NDA Syllabus and Exam Pattern 2024  

Name of the Exam  National Defence Academy Exam or NDA exam 
Exam Conducting Body  Union Public Service Commission, UPSC 
Mode of exam  Offline (Pen and Paper mode) 
Total Papers in NDA Exam  Mathematics General Ability Test (GAT) 
Total Marks for NDA Exam  Total: 900 Marks Mathematics: 300 Marks GAT: 600 Marks 
Total No. of Questions  Mathematics: 120 GAT: 150 
Negative Marking  Mathematics: 0.83 GAT: 1.33 marks 
Exam Duration  Mathematics: 2 Hours 30 Minutes GAT: 2 Hours 30 Minutes 
Official Website  upsc.gov.in 
NDA Exam Pattern 2024
The Selection Process for the NDA exam contains two stages, the stage 1 is the Written examination and the NDA stage 2 is the SSB Interview. Candidates who qualify the cut off criteria for the NDA Examination will be invited for the NDA SSB Interview process. It is necessary for students to clear the NDA exam with good score. Here is the NDA Exam Pattern 2024.
The NDA exam has two parts:
1) Written Test
2) SSB Interview
After the NDA Cut Off is announced, candidates who qualify move on to the SSB interview. The exam lasts for 5 hours in total in which two and a half hour is allocated for both the sections individually. NDA exam consists of objectivetype questions covering various subjects. The NDA Written Exam Pattern is as follows.
Subject  Duration  Maximum Marks 

Mathematics  2½ Hours  300 
General Ability Test  2½ Hours  600 
SSB Test/Interview  5 Days  900 
NDA Exam Syllabus 202
Candidates should review the NDA syllabus before starting their preparation. The syllabus will inform them of the topics to study for the exam. Key topics for the NDA exam include:
 English: Reading Comprehension, Synonyms, Antonyms, Spotting Errors, Vocabulary, Idioms and Phrases, etc.
 Maths: Matrices and Determinants, Sets, Venn Diagram, Trigonometry, 2D and 3D Geometry, Differential Calculus, etc.
 General Knowledge: History, Chemistry, Current Affairs, Art and Culture, Physics, Basic Science, etc.
Mathematics Syllabus (300 Marks)
Topics  Sub Topics 

Algebra  Concept of Set, Operations on Sets, Venn Diagrams, De Morgan Laws, Cartesian Product, Relation, Equivalence Relation. Representation of real numbers on a line. Complex numbers – basic properties, modulus, argument, cube roots of unity. Binary system of numbers. Conversion of a number in decimal system to binary system and vice versa. Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic Progressions. Quadratic equations with real coefficients. Solution of linear equations of two variables by graphs. Permutation and Combination. Binomial theorem and its applications. 
Matrices and Determinants  Types of matrices, operations on matrices. Determinant of a matrix, basic properties of determinants. Ad joint and inverse of a square matrix, Applications – Solution of a system of linear equations in two or three unknowns by Cramer’s rule and by Matrix Method. 
Trigonometry  Angles and their measures in degrees and in radians. Trigonometrical ratios. Trigonometric identities Sum and difference formulae. Multiple and Submultiple angles. Inverse trigonometric functions. ApplicationsHeight and distance, properties of triangles. 
Analytical Geometry of Two and Three Dimensions  Rectangular Cartesian Coordinate system. Distance formula. Equation of a line in various forms. Angle between two lines. Distance of a point from a line. Equation of a circle in standard and in general form. Standard forms of parabola, ellipse and hyperbola. Eccentricity and axis of a conic. Point in a three dimensional space, distance between two points. Direction Cosines and direction ratios. Equation two points. Direction Cosines and direction ratios. Equation of a plane and a line in various forms. Angle between two lines and angle between two planes. Equation of a sphere. 
Calculus  Concept of a realvalued function – domain, range and graph of a function. Composite functions, onetoone, onto and inverse functions. Notion of limit, Standard limits – examples. Continuity of functions – examples, algebraic operations on continuous functions. Derivative of function at a point, geometrical and physical interpretation of a derivative – applications. Derivatives of sum, product and quotient of functions, Derivative of a function with respect to another function, derivative of a composite function. Secondorder derivatives. Increasing and decreasing functions. Application of derivatives in problems of maxima and minima. 
Integral Calculus and Differential Equations  Integration as inverse of differentiation, integration by substitution and by parts, standard integrals involving algebraic expressions, trigonometric, exponential and hyperbolic functions. Evaluation of definite integrals – determination of areas of plane regions bounded by curves – applications. Definition of order and degree of a differential equation, formation of a differential equation by examples. General and particular solution of a differential equation, solution of the first order and firstdegree differential equations of various types – examples. Application in problems of growth and decay. 
Vector Algebra  Vectors in two and three dimensions, magnitude and direction of a vector. Unit and null vectors, addition of vectors, scalar multiplication of a vector, scalar product or dot product of two vectors. Vector product or cross product of two vectors. Applications—work done by a force and moment of a force and in geometrical problems. 
Statistics and Probability  Statistics: Classification of data, Frequency distribution, cumulative frequency distribution – examples. Graphical representation – Histogram, Pie Chart, Frequency Polygon – examples. Measures of Central tendency – Mean, Median and Mode. Variance and standard deviation – determination and comparison. Correlation and regression. Probability: Random experiment, outcomes and associated sample space, events, mutually exclusive and exhaustive events, impossible and certain events. Union and Intersection of Events. Complementary, elementary and composite events. Definition of probability – classical and statistical – examples. Elementary theorems on probability – simple problems. Conditional probability, Bayes’ theorem – simple problems. Random variable as function on a sample space. Binomial distribution, examples of random experiments giving rise to Binomials distribution. 
The Topic wise number of questions from the Maths section is given in the table below:
Topic  Questions Range 

Probability  10 
Complex Number  1015 
Calculus  2025 
Quadratic Equation  2025 
Matrices and Determinant  30 
Trigonometry  30 
NDA Marking Scheme For Maths
Aspect  Details 

Total Marks  300 Marks 
Total Number of Questions  120 
Marks for Correct Answer  2.5 marks 
Marks Deducted for Wrong Answer  0.83 
Total Duration of Mathematics Paper  2 Hours 30 Minutes 
Download FREE EBOOK for NDA 2024 Preparation
NDA Syllabus For Paper 2
The NDA Paper 2 syllabus encompasses the General Ability Test (GAT), which includes topics such as General Knowledge (GK), English, Chemistry, Physics, Geography, General Science, and Current Events. This paper contains 150 questions, with 50 questions dedicated to English and 100 questions to General Knowledge. The total marks for this section are 600. This syllabus specifies the subjects and topics that candidates need to study for the NDA exam.
Aspects  Details 

Total marks for GAT paper  600 marks 
No. of questions  150 
Total questions in English  50 
Total questions in GK  100 
Total Marks for English  200 
Total Marks for GK  400 
Marks for Correct Answer  4 marks in each section 
Marks for Incorrect Answer  1.33 marks in each section 
Total Duration of GAT Paper  2 Hours 30 Minutes 
English (Maximum Marks: 200)
The English language question paper is crafted to assess candidates comprehension and effective use of English. The syllabus consists Grammar, Vocabulary, Comprehension and Cohesion.
Topic  No. of Questions  No. of Marks 
Spotting Errors  5  20 
Comprehension  6  24 
Sentence Improvement  10  40 
Ordering of Words in a Sentence  9  36 
Selecting Words  10  40 
Synonyms  5  20 
Antonyms  5  20 
Total  50  200 
English Topics For NDA Exam 2024
The NDA syllabus 2024 for English consists of various topics like grammar and its usage, comprehension and expression. Read the table below for the detailed understanding regarding the English topics for the exam.
Topics  Subtopics 

Grammar and Usage  Parts of speech: Noun, Pronoun, Adjective, Verb, Adverb, Conjunction, Preposition, Interjection 
Subjectverb agreement  
Tenses: Present, Past, Future  
Active and passive voice  
Coherence and unity: Theme, Idea, Paragraph, Sentence Structure  
Vocabulary: Synonyms, Antonyms, Oneword substitution, Idioms and Phrases, Words often confused  
Comprehension  Comprehension of a given passage 
Drawing of inferences  
Use of vocabulary: Synonyms, Antonyms, Oneword substitution, Idioms and Phrases, Words often confused  
Expression  Simple sentence structure 
Punctuation: Comma, Full stop, Question Mark, Exclamation Mark, Apostrophe  
Conjunctions: Coordinating, Subordinating  
Adverbs and Prepositions  
Direct and indirect speech  
Comparison: Degrees of comparison  
Articles: Definite and Indefinite Articles  
Verbs: Auxiliary, Modal, Regular and Irregular verbs  
Sentence correction: Spotting Errors, Sentence Improvement 
NDA GAT Syllabus (Maximum Marks: 400)
NDA GAT Syllabus 2024  
Physics

Chemistry

General Science

History

Geography

Current Affairs

The question paper on GAT will broadly cover the subjects: Physics, Chemistry, General Science, Social Studies, Geography and Current Events.
Topic  No. of Questions  No. of Marks 
Physics  23  92 
Chemistry  16  64 
General Science  11  44 
History & Freedom Movement  16  64 
Current Affairs  17  68 
Geography  17  68 
Total  100  400 
Section ‘A’ (Physics)
The questions in the physics section are asked from the topics like Mass, Weight, Volume, Pressure, Newton’s laws of Motion etc. Given below is the complete list of topics from which the questions are been asked in the NDA examination.
 Physical Properties and States of Matter
 Mass, Weight, Volume, Density, and Specific Gravity
 Principle of Archimedes
 Pressure Barometer
 Motion of Objects, Velocity, and Acceleration
 Newton’s Laws of Motion
 Force and Momentum
 Parallelogram of Forces
 Stability and Equilibrium of Bodies
 Gravitation
 Elementary Ideas of Work, Power, and Energy
 Effects of Heat, Measurement of Temperature, and Heat
 Change of State and Latent Heat
 Modes of Transference of Heat
 Sound Waves and Their Properties
 Simple Musical Instruments
 Rectilinear Propagation of Light, Reflection, and Refraction
 Spherical Mirrors and Lenses
 Human Eye
 Natural and Artificial Magnets
 Properties of a Magnet, Earth as a Magnet
 Static and Current Electricity
 Conductors and NonConductors
 Ohm’s Law
 Simple Electrical Circuits
 Heating, Lighting, and Magnetic Effects of Current
 Measurement of Electrical Power
 Primary and Secondary Cells
 Use of XRays
 General Principles in the Working of: Simple Pendulum, Simple Pulleys, Siphon, Levers, Balloon, Pumps, Hydrometer, Pressure Cooker, Thermos Flask, Gramophone, Telegraphs, Telephone, Periscope, Telescope, Microscope, Mariner’s Compass, Lightning Conductors, Safety Fuses.
Section ‘B’ (Chemistry)
The Chemistry segment is the NDA examination consists questions from the topics like Elements, Mixtures and Compounds, Acids, Bases and Salts, Properties of matter etc. Consider the table given below in order to get the glimpse over the topics from which the questions are been asked.
 Physical and Chemical Changes
 Elements, Mixtures, and Compounds
 Symbols, Formulae, and Simple Chemical Equations
 Law of Chemical Combination (excluding problems)
 Properties of Air and Water
 Preparation and Properties of: Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Carbon Dioxide
 Oxidation and Reduction
 Acids, Bases, and Salts
 Carbon – Different Forms
 Fertilizers – Natural and Artificial
 Materials Used in the Preparation of: Soap, Glass, Ink, Paper, Cement, Paints, Safety Matches, Gunpowder
 Elementary Ideas about the Structure of Atom
 Atomic Equivalent and Molecular Weights
 Valency
Section ‘C’ (General Science)
The General science is the category that consists of the general topics like Growth and Reproduction, basis of life, questions on food and balanced diet etc. All the topics from the General science section in the NDA syllabus are given below:
General Science Syllabus For NDA 

Section ‘D’ (History, Freedom Movement etc.)
The Questions in this sections are majorly asked from History like Various movements, Indian constitution, Various plans in india, various revolutions etc. Given below is the list of the complete topics:
History, Freedom Movement etc. Syllabus For NDA 

Section ‘E’ (Geography)
The question in this section are made from the topics like Origin of earth, latitude and longitudes, rocks, wind, cyclones etc. Check the list of topics given below to get the better understanding about this section.
Geography Syllabus For NDA 

Section ‘F’ (Current Events)
Knowledge of Important events that have happened in India in recent years. Current important world events. Prominent personalities—both Indian and International including those connected with cultural activities and sports.
NOTE: Out of the maximum marks assigned to part ‘B’ of this paper, questions on Sections ‘A’, ‘B’, ‘C’, ‘D’, ‘E’ and ‘F’ will carry approximately 25%, 15%, 10%, 20%, 20% and 10% weightages respectively.
Section/Subject

Percentage of Marks

Section A: Physics

25%

Section B: Chemistry

15%

Section C: General Science

10%

Section D: History/Freedom Movements

20%

Section E: Geography

20%

Section F: Current Events

10%

Paper 3: Intelligence and Personality Test
The SSB process comprises two stages: stage I and stage II. Candidates who successfully pass stage I can progress to stage II. Here’s an overview:
Stage I includes:
 Officer Intelligence Rating (OIR) tests
 Picture Perception and Description Test (PP&DT)
 Shortlisting based on combined OIR and PP&DT performance
Stage II includes:
 Interview
 Group Testing Officer (GTO) tasks
 Psychology tests
 Conference
 Conducted over 4 days
 Details available on joinindianarmy.nic.in
 Candidate’s personality is assessed by: Interviewing Officer (IO), Group Testing Officer (GTO), Psychologist
No separate weightage for each test; marks are given based on overall performance in all tests. Conference marks are based on initial performance and Board’s decision. Tests are designed to identify Officer Like Qualities and trainability. Candidates are either Recommended or Not Recommended based on their performance.
NDA SSB Syllabus 2024
NDA SSB Interview consists of two stages:
Stage  Description 

Screening Test  It involves verbal and nonverbal tests along with Picture Perception and Description Test (PPDT). 
Psychological Test  It consists of Thematic Apperception Test (TAT), Word Association Test (WAT), Situation Reaction Test (SRT), and Self Description Test (SD). 
Group Testing Officers Test  It includes Group Discussion (GD), Group Planning Exercise (GPE), Progressive Group Task (PGT), Half Group Task (HGT), Individual Obstacles Task (IOT), Command Task, Snake race or Group Obstacle Race, Individual Lecture, and Final Group Task (FGT). 
Personal Interview and Conference  The final part of Stage 2 involving individual interviews and a conference. 
NDA OIR Syllabus 2024
The NDA Syllabus 2024 for the OIR Test is given below:
Verbal Test  NonVerbal Test 

Completion of Series  Figures 
Analogies  Shorter and Taller Problems 
Blood Relation  Locating Hidden Figure 
Logical Venn Diagram  Figure Matrix 
Odd one out  Paper Cutting 
Jumbled Words  Problem on Dice 
Classification of Data  Problem on Ranks 
CodingDecoding  Problem on Cubes 
Oneword Substitution  Interchanging 2 signs 
Identification of Letters  Visualizing Patterns 
Spatial Ability  Reconstruction of Test 