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List of Folk Dances of India, State Wise

Folk Dances Of India

Human is a social animal we all know that and since the dawn of civilization humans have incorporated Recreating Activities in their daily routine, and when it comes to dance, we can find figures of dancing humans in groups in the prehistoric excavations.

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Every Society we see today has a long history of evolution and during the course of evolution they developed some characteristic that make them unique, their culture becomes their recognition and India is the heartland of various such cultures which Thrive together , In this article we will discuss Folk Dances of India .

Folk dances are specific dances performed at a particular region and have survived from centuries giving us a glimpse of our past and the stories that showcase the dignity of a Particular religion or community.

Folk Dances Of India: Indian States and Folk Dances

State Folk Dances
 

 

 

Andhra Pradesh

  • Kuchipudi
  • Vilasini Natyam
  • Andhra Natyam
  • Bhamakalpam
  • Veeranatyam
  • Dappu
  • Tappeta Gullu
  • Lambadi, Dhimsa
  • Kolattam
  • Butta Bommalu.
 

 

 

Assam

  • Bihu
  • Bichhua
  • Natpuja
  • Maharas
  • Kaligopal
  • Bagurumba
  • Naga dance
  • Khel Gopal
  • Tabal Chongli
  • Canoe
  • Jhumura Hobjanai
 

Bihar

  • Jata-Jatin
  • Bakho-Bakhain
  • Panwariya
  • Sama Chakwa
  • Bidesia
 

Gujarat

  • Garba
  • Dandiya Ras
  • Tippani Juriun
  • Bhavai
 

 

Haryana

  • Jhumar
  • Phag
  • Daph
  • Dhamal
  • Loor
  • Gugga
  • Khor
  • Gagor
 

 

Himachal Pradesh

  • Jhora
  • Jhali
  • Chharhi
  • Dhaman
  • Chhapeli
  • Mahasu
  • Nati
  • Dangi
 

Jammu and Kashmir

  • Rauf
  • Hikat
  • Mandjas
  • Kud Dandi Nach
  • Damali
 

Karnataka

  • Yakshagan
  • Huttari
  • Suggi
  • Kunitha
  • Karga
  • Lambi
 

Kerala

  • Kathakali (Classical)
  • Ottam Thulal
  • Mohiniattam
  • Kaikottikali
 

 

Maharashtra

  • Lavani
  • Nakata
  • Koli
  • Lezim
  • Gafa
  • Dahikala Dasavtar or Bohada
 

Odisha

  • Odissi (Classical)
  • Savari
  • Ghumara
  • Painka
  • Munari
  • Chhau
 

 

West Bengal

  • Kathi
  • Gambhira
  • Dhali
  • Jatra
  • Baul
  • Marasia
  • Mahal
  • Keertan
 

Punjab

  • Bhangra
  • Giddha
  • Daff
  • Dhaman
  • Bhand
  • Naqual
 

 

Rajasthan

  • Ghumar
  • Chakri
  • Ganagor
  • Jhulan Leela
  • Jhuma
  • Suisini
  • Ghapal
  • Kalbeliya
 

Tamil Nadu

  • Bharatanatyam
  • Kumi
  • Kolattam
  • Kavadi
 

Uttar Pradesh

  • Nautanki
  • Raslila
  • Kajri
  • Jhora
  • Chappeli
  • Jaita
 

Uttarakhand

  • Garhwali
  • Kumayuni
  • Kajari
  • Jhora
  • Raslila
  • Chappeli
 

 

 

 

Goa

  • Tarangamel
  • Koli
  • Dekhni
  • Fugdi
  • Shigmo
  • Ghode
  • Modni
  • Samayi nrutya
  • Jagar
  • Ranmale
  • Gonph,
  • Tonnya mell
 

 

 

Madhya Pradesh

  • Jawara
  • Matki
  • Aada
  • Khada Nach
  • Phulpati
  • Grida Dance
  • Selalarki
  • Selabhadoni
  • Maanch
 

 

Chhattisgarh

  • Gaur Maria
  • Panthi
  • Raut Nacha
  • Pandwani
  • Vedamati
  • Kapalik
  • Bharthari Charit
  • Chandaini
 

 

 

 

 

Jharkhand

  • Alkap
  • Karma Munda
  • Agni
  • Jhumar
  • Janani Jhumar
  • Mardana Jhumar
  • Paika
  • Phagua
  • Hunta Dance
  • Mundari Dance
  • Sarhul
  • Barao
  • Jhitka
  • Danga
  • Domkach
  • Ghora Naach
 

 

Arunachal Pradesh

  • Buiya
  • Chalo
  • Wancho
  • Pasi Kongki
  • Ponung
  • Popir
  • Bardo Chham
 

 

 

Manipur

  • Dol Cholam
  • Thang Ta
  • Lai Haraoba
  • Pung Cholom
  • Khamba Thaibi
  • Nupa Dance
  • Raslila
  • Khubak Ishei
  • Lhou  Sha
Meghalaya
  • Ka Shad Suk Mynsiem
  • Nongkrem
  • Laho
 

 

 

Mizoram

  • Cheraw Dance
  • Khuallam
  • Chailam
  • Sawlakin
  • Chawnglaizawn
  • Zangtalam
  • Par Lam
  • Sarlamkai/Solakia
  • Tlanglam
 

 

Nagaland

  • Rangma
  • Bamboo Dance
  • Zeliang
  • Nsuirolians
  • Gethinglim
  • Temangnetin
  • Hetaleulee
Tripura
  • Hojagiri
 

 

 

Sikkim

  • Chu Faat Dance
  • Sikmari
  • Singhi Chaam or the Snow Lion Dance
  • Yak Chaam
  • Denzong Gnenha
  • Tashi Yangku Dance
  • Khukuri Naach
  • Chutkey Naach
  • Maruni Dance
 

Lakshadweep

  • Lava
  • Kolkali
  • Parichakali

Folk Dances are an integral part of the Static GK Syllabus, the list provided incorporates all the dances important from the examination point of view, hope it helps you in better preparation.

 

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Some important Folk Dances In India

Let’s know about some state-specific details of different folk dances.

Dumhal and Rouff of Jammu and Kashmir

  • Dumhal is performed by men of the Wattal tribe of Kashmir to celebrate special occasions.
  • It is performed wearing long vibrant-coloured robes, a conical cap studded with beads and shells.
  • The group of dancers moves in a procession, ceremoniously carrying a banner which is dug in the ground and the men dance around it in circles.
  • Rouff is a much loved customary dance of Kashmir performed by girls.
  • It involves simple footwork and is mostly performed on celebrated occasions such as Ramzan and Id.
  • Rouff has been an element of Kashmiri life since primaeval times, and it was a welcoming dance performed by women on the onset of spring season.

Bhangra of Punjab

  • One of the most popular dances, not just in the state of Punjab, but in the country as a whole. It was performed originally during the harvest season, wearing a traditional Punjabi dress and with instruments including a Dhol, Chimta, Algoza and others.
  • It is regarded as a popular music style in the country.
  • The dance form has a mix of many steps like dhamaal, jutti, fulka, sialkoti, dankare, jugni, mirzi, fumnian.
  • Other folk dance of Punjab like Jhummar and Sammi, are also included in Bhangra.

Raas Leela of Uttar Pradesh

  • It is popular in the region of Mathura and Vrindavan of Uttar Pradesh and is associated with the festival of Holi and Janmashtami.
  • It is a part of the mythological stories of Lord Krishna where he dances with Radha and sakhis.
  • It is regarded as the “dance of the divine love.”
  • The Indian classical dance Kathak evolved from Raas Leela of Braj and Manipuri classical dance.
  • Raas Leela has been a popular theme in many other classical dance forms.

Garba of Gujarat

  • Traditional Garba is performed around a clay lantern known as the Garba Deep or around the statue of Goddess Shakti.
  • Symbolically the Garba Deep represents a body within which the divine energy of the Goddess resides.
  • The dance is performed in groups to celebrate the nine days Hindu festival of Navratri.
  • It is performed in rings and concentric circles representing the cycle of birth and death in Hinduism, leaving only one constant which is the divinity of God symbolized by the idol of the Goddess or the Garba Deep.

Ghoomar of Rajasthan

  • Ghoomar was developed by the Bhil tribe and was later adopted by Rajasthani communities.
  • The beauty of this folk dance is in the swirling colourful robes of the women as the pirouetting displays the vibrant colors of the flowing ghagra (long heavily embroidered colourful skirt).

Bihu of Assam

  • Characterized by brisk steps and rapid hand movements, this is a folk dance performed by both men and women of Assam.
  • The musical instruments mostly used in the dance are Dhol (drum), Pepa (horn), Gagana (an instrument made of bamboo).
  • Usually, the ladies wear a mustard and red coloured saree while the men are dressed in a dhoti and a headband of red and mustard color.

Lavani of Maharashtra

  • Performed on the beats of the instrument DholkiLavani is characterized by powerful rhythms.
  • It contributes majorly to Marathi folk theatre.
  • It is performed by females dressed in a nine-yard-long saree on songs in a quick tempo.

Ghumura of Odisha

  • One of the most sought-after dances in Odisha, Ghumura is similar to a tribal dance, because of the dress that is worn while performing it.
  • Research suggests that it was regarded as a war dance in ancient India, and was performed by Ravana in the Ramayana.
  • Its roots in the Medieval period are confirmed by the fact that this dance is depicted in the Sun Temple, Konark.
  • The movements and expressions used in the dance make it a “heroic dance.”

Kathakali of Kerala

  • Katha means story and kali means play
  • Kathakali is one of the oldest theatre forms in the world.
  • Originating more than 1500 years ago, this is a combination of dance, drama, music and ritual.
  • Noted for elaborate costumes, attractive make-up done on the characters, detailed gestures and well-defined body movements presented in tunes.

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FAQs

What is so special about folk dance?

Folk dances are specific dances performed at a particular region and have survived from centuries giving us a glimpse of our past and the stories that showcase the dignity of a Particular religion or community.

What is Kashmiri folk dance called?

Bacha Nagma is one of the major folk dance forms found in the Kashmir valley. It is also referred to as Bacha Gyavaun in certain parts of Kashmir.

What is folk dance of Haryana?

A distinctive traditional folk dance of Haryana, the Ghoomar dance is popular in the western parts of the state.

What is folk dance of Gujarat?

The dance form of Dandiya, also known as the stick dance, is one of Gujarat's most popular folk dances. Another most famous folk dance of Gujarat is Garba.

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