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Top 10 Largest State in India by Population

Largest State in India By Population

In a notable development, India is now likely the world’s most populous country, potentially crossing China. According to estimates from the World Population Review (WPR), India’s population reached 1.417 billion at the end of 2022. This surpasses China’s reported population of 1.412 billion on January 17, marking the first decline since the 1960s, as per official announcements. Among the 28 states and 8 Union territories in India, Uttar Pradesh holds the distinction of being the largest state by population.

Most Populated States in India

Out of all the states in India, Uttar Pradesh has the most people, with almost 200 million residents. Sikkim, on the other hand, has the smallest population, with just over 600,000 people.

States Population
Uttar Pradesh 199,812,341
Maharashtra 112,372,333
Bihar 104,099,452
West Bengal 91,276,115
Andhra Pradesh 84,580,777
Madhya Pradesh 72,626,809
Tamil Nadu 72,147,030
Rajasthan 68,548,437
Karnataka 61,095,297
Gujarat 60,439,692
Odisha 41,974,218
Telangana 35,198,978
Kerala 33,406,061
Jharkhand 32,988,134
Assam 31,205,576
Punjab 27,743,338
Haryana 25,545,198
Chhattisgarh 25,351,462
Uttarakhand 10,086,292
Himachal Pradesh 6,864,602
Tripura 3,673,917
Meghalaya 2,966,889
Manipur 2,855,794
Nagaland 1,978,502
Goa 1,458,502
Arunachal Pradesh 1,458,545
Mizoram 1,097,206
Sikkim 610,577

Top 10 Most Populated States

India, a vast and diverse country, is home to a staggering population of over 1.3 billion people. With its vibrant culture, rich heritage, and varied landscapes, India encompasses 28 states and 8 union territories. Among these, there are several states that stand out due to their sheer size and population. In this article, we will explore the top 10 largest states in India by population, delving into their unique characteristics, cultural diversity, and the challenges they face in managing their immense populations. From the bustling metropolises to the rural heartlands, each of these states offers a glimpse into the incredible diversity and dynamism of India’s population. Let us embark on a fascinating journey to discover the most populous states that make India a true melting pot of cultures and traditions. List of top 10 largest state in India by population is as follows:

State Population Area Population Density
Uttar Pradesh 199,812,341 240,928 km² 828/km²
Maharashtra 112,372,972 307,713 km² 365/km²
Bihar 103,804,637 94,163 km² 1,102/km²
West Bengal 91,347,736 88,752 km² 1,029/km²
Madhya Pradesh 72,597,565 308,245 km² 236/km²
Tamil Nadu 72,138,958 130,058 km² 555/km²
Rajasthan 68,621,012 342,239 km² 201/km²
Karnataka 61,130,704 191,791 km² 319/km²
Gujarat 60,383,628 196,024 km² 308/km²
Andhra Pradesh 49,386,799 162,968 km² 303/km²

List of Largest States in India by Population

Population Map of India 2021

1. Uttar Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh earns the title of being the most populous and fourth-largest state of India. It rests in the north-central part of the country. On January 26, 1950, when India adopted its constitution, the state got its present name, Uttar Pradesh which literally means “Northern State”.

Its capital is the city of Nawabs i.e. Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state in India. In the early 21st century it had an overall population density of more than twice the national average.

The fertile soil of Gangatic plains supports the overwhelming majority of the state’s population. The majority of the state’s population lives in rural areas. decrease in infant mortality rate and the promise of better opportunities has caused the bloom in population.

2. Maharashtra

Maharashtra lies in the western and central peninsular region of India, occupying a substantial portion of the Its physiography is characterized by low hills, extensive plateaus, and river valleys. The centre of India is in this state.

Maharashtra is the second most populated state in India as well as the third-most populous country subdivision in the world. It was formed on 1 May 1960 by splitting the bilingual  Bombay state, which had existed since 1956, The state is divided into 6 divisions and 36 districts. with the state capital being Mumbai, it is also the most populated urban area in India.

3. Bihar

Bihar, the state of eastern India. In November 2000 the new state of Jharkhand was created from Bihar’s southern provinces and now forms the state’s southern and southeastern borders. The capital of Bihar is Patna.

Bihar occupied an important position in the early history of India. For centuries it was the principal seat of imperial powers and the main focus of Indian culture and civilization.

4. West Bengal

West Bengal, a state of India is located in the eastern part of the country. Although in area West Bengal ranks as one of the smaller states of India, it is one of the largest in population.

The capital is Kolkata (Calcutta). West Bengal was the first state from where the seeds of nationalism were sown and the national movement was started during British rule.

5. Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh means the centre state, located at the centre of India, it is situated in the heart of the country. The state has no coastline and no international frontier.

Its physiography is characterized by low hills, extensive plateaus, and river valleys. The cleanest city of Bhopal is the capital of Madhya Pradesh.

6. Tamilnadu

Tamil Nadu is the eleventh largest state in India by area and the sixth-most populous state according to the Human Development Index in 2011. It is the second-largest state economy in India after Maharashtra.

Its official language is Tamil, which is one of the longest-surviving classical languages in the World.  Chennai is the capital of Tamil Nadu. Tamil Nadu has all segments of Tourist attractions which invite tourists.

7. Rajasthan

Rajasthan, the city of rajpoots is a northwestern state of India. The capital city is the pink city Jaipur, in the east-central part of the state. Rajasthan literally means “The place of the Rajas,”. it was formerly called Rajputana, “The Country of the Rajputs.

After 1947 the princely states and chiefships were  Integrated into India in stages, and the state took the name Rajasthan.

8. Karnataka

Karnataka was formerly (until 1973) known as  Mysore, it is located on the western coast of the subcontinent. The capital is Bengaluru (Bangalore), near the southeastern border.

Karnataka possesses a rich cultural heritage, complemented by the contributions of successive dynasties, which have fostered various religions and philosophies that, in turn, have influenced literature, architecture, folklore, music, painting, and other arts.

9. Gujarat

Gujarat is the seventh largest state of India with an area of 75686 sq Km and it is placed on the west coast of the Arabian Sea. According to the census of India 2011, approximately 60,383,628 people reside here.

The capital city of Gujrat is Gandhinagar and other major cities of the state are Ahmedabad, Surat, Vadodara, Rajkot and Bhavnagar. The state is built up of six divisions, namely Ahmedabad, Gandhinagar, Vadodara, Surat, Bhavnagar and Rajkot.

10. Andhra Pradesh

Andhra Pradesh is located in the southeastern part of the subcontinent. earlier Telangana was a region within Andhra Pradesh for almost six decades, but in 2014 it was carved off to form a separate state.

The capital of both Andhra Pradesh and Telangana is Hyderabad, The state draws its name from the Andhra people, who have inhabited the area since antiquity and developed their own language, Telugu.

Andhra Pradesh came into existence in its present form in 1956 as a result of the demand of the Andhras for a separate state.

Also know – Longest railway Platform in Indiaadda247


Which is the largest state in India by Area ? 

Rajasthan is the largest state in India by area.

Which is the second most populated state in India by population?

Maharashtra is the second most populated state in india .

Which  is the least populated state in India ?

Goa is the least populated state in India .

Which is most populated state in India ?

Uttar Pradesh is the most populated state in India

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