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ITBP Full Form, Know About History and Significance

ITBP Full Form

The Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) is an important component of India’s security forces, established on 24th October 1962. Its primary mission is to protect the nation’s borders in the challenging terrains of the Himalayas. Headquartered in New Delhi, the ITBP, also known as “Himaveer” or Snow Warriors, is dedicated to patrolling and safeguarding India’s high-altitude frontiers. As a central armed police force, it plays a crucial role in maintaining peace in border regions, with personnel undergoing rigorous training to endure the harsh conditions of the Himalayas. Their resilience and commitment to duty are commendable.

ITBP Overview

The Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) is guided by the distinctive motto, “Shaurya – Dridhata – Karm Nishtha,” which embodies the values of Valour, Determination, and Devotion to Duty. Given below is the overview about the ITBP.

ITBP Details
Full Form Indo-Tibetan Border Police
Formation 24th October 1962
Role Guarding the India-China border in the Himalayan region
Deployment From the Karakoram Pass in Ladakh to Jachep La in Arunachal Pradesh
Motto “Shaurya – Dridhata – Karm Nishtha” (Valour – Steadfastness – Commitment to Duty)
ITBP Exams CAPF AC, SSC GD, etc.
Official Website itbpolice.nic.in

History of ITBP

The Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) was established on 24th October 1962, in response to the need for restructuring the intelligence and security apparatus along the Indo-Tibetan border during heightened military tensions between India and China. Initially, it operated under the CRPF Act with four sanctioned battalions.

  • To boost its regulatory framework, the “Indo-Tibetan Border Police Force Act, 1992” was enacted by the Indian Parliament in September 1994, aiming to constitutionally and effectively regulate ITBP’s functions. Inspector General Balbir Singh, a former Intelligence Bureau officer, served as its inaugural head.
  • In 2004, ITBP assumed the responsibilities of Assam Rifles in Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh, as recommended by the Group of Ministers (GoM) on “One Border One Force.” Consequently, ITBP was entrusted with guarding the entire India-China Border, spanning 3488 kilometers.
  • ITBP has played a pivotal role in safeguarding India’s borders, intercepting illegal activities, countering insurgency, and ensuring territorial integrity. Its contributions extend beyond border security, with active involvement in disaster relief and rescue operations during earthquakes, avalanches, and floods, showcasing its mountaineering expertise and terrain familiarity in humanitarian efforts.

Check: CISF Full Form

ITBP Significance

Following are the duties associated with ITBP, as mentioned in their propaganda:

  • Vigilance on the northern borders, prevention of border violations, and promotion of a sense of security among the locals.
  • To stop  illegal immigration,  crimes and trans-border smuggling
  • To provide sensitive installations, banks and protected persons.
  • Restore order in any area in the event of a disturbance.

ITBP Battalions are responsible for providing security to various institutions of national importance throughout the country, which includes Rashtrapati Bhawan, Vice President House, Rumtek Monastery (Sikkim), LBSNAA (UKD), Tihar Jail (N Delhi) and various sensitive installations in Chandigarh (Punjab) & Jammu (J&K).

ITBP Symbol and Motto

The Himveers of the country are always ready to serve the country with all their heart and life, their symbol represents the Force motto Shaurya Dridhata Karamnishtha. It consists of  Ashoka  Chakra on top with two rifles. It inspires men to put duty before everything else. The motto of the Force is “Shaurya-Dridhata-Karma Nishtha” (Valour – Determination – Devotion to Duty). Himveers of  ITBP are dedicated to guarding the borders with valour and determination.


ITBP Training Centres

The Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) has several training centres across the country to impart training to its personnel. Some of the major ITBP training centres are:

  1. Basic Training Centre, Tiger Camp: This is the primary training centre of ITBP, located in Uttarakhand. All new recruits go through their basic training here.
  2. Advance Training Centre, Mussoorie: This centre provides advanced training to ITBP personnel in mountaineering, rock climbing, skiing, river rafting, and other adventure sports.
  3. Indo-Tibetan Border Police Academy (ITBPA), Chandigarh: This is a premier training institute of ITBP, which offers training to officers in various fields such as intelligence, law, and order, investigation, and forensic science.
  4. Combat Training Centre, Gwaldam: This centre offers specialized training in combat tactics, weapons handling, and marksmanship to ITBP personnel.
  5. High Altitude Warfare School (HAWS), Gulmarg: This centre provides specialized training to ITBP personnel in high-altitude warfare, skiing, and snow craft.
  6. Mountaineering and Skiing Institute, Auli: This centre is dedicated to providing training to ITBP personnel in mountaineering, skiing, and snowcraft.
  7. Dog Training Centre, Bhanu: This centre provides training to ITBP personnel in dog handling, breeding, and training.

Note that these are some of the major ITBP training centres, and there may be other centres as well. The training programs at these centres are rigorous and comprehensive and aim to equip ITBP personnel with the necessary skills and knowledge to perform their duties effectively.

How To Join ITBP?

The Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) is one of the five Central Armed Police Forces of India. If you want to join ITBP, you can apply for various posts as per your qualifications and interests. Here are the steps to join ITBP:

  1. Determine your eligibility: The ITBP has different eligibility criteria for different posts. Make sure you meet the age, educational and physical requirements for the post you are interested in.
  2. Check for recruitment notifications: ITBP publishes recruitment notifications on its official website and in leading newspapers. Keep a regular check on their website and the employment news.
  3. Apply online: Most of ITBP recruitment is done through an online application process. Visit the official website of ITBP and fill out the online application form with your details and educational qualifications.
  4. Physical Standard Test (PST) and Physical Efficiency Test (PET): If you clear the online exam, you will be called for a Physical Standard Test (PST) and Physical Efficiency Test (PET) which includes tasks like running, long jump, high jump, etc.
  5. Written Exam: If you clear the PST and PET, you will be called for a written examination. The exam pattern and syllabus vary according to the post you are applying for.
  6. Document verification and medical examination: If you pass the written exam, you will be called for document verification and medical examination.
  7. Training: Once you pass the medical examination, you will be selected for training.

Some of the posts that you can apply for in ITBP include Constable, Head Constable, Sub-Inspector, Assistant Commandant, and Deputy Commandant.

ITBP Achievements

Established on 24th October, 1962, the Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) has a rich history of serving in various capacities.

  • During the 1971 India-Pakistan war, two ITBP battalions were deployed on the Western Front.
  • In 1981-82, ITBP commandos took charge of security responsibilities at the 9th Asian Games in New Delhi. Their role extended to Anti-Terrorist Security during the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting in 1983, and they provided security during the Non-Aligned Movement in the same year.
  • In response to the escalating situation, ITBP was deployed in 1987 to curb bank robberies by terrorists in Punjab.
  • From 1990 to 2004, ITBP played a crucial role in Jammu and Kashmir during the peak of militancy, conducting operations against terrorists in the state.
  • Between 2004 and 2008, ITBP safeguarded road construction activities from Delaram to Zaranj in Afghanistan.
  • Since 2002, ITBP has been responsible for securing the Indian Embassy in Kabul and four other consulates in Afghanistan until 2021. Throughout these years, ITBP has demonstrated its commitment to national security in diverse and challenging environments.

ITBP Full Form, Know About History and Significance_4.1


Who is the founder of ITBP?

Government of India founded the ITBP

Why was ITBP created?

ITBP was  created for reorganizing the frontier intelligence and security set up along the Indo-Tibetan border.

When was ITBP Formed?

ITBP was constituted on October 24, 1962, for reorganizing the frontier intelligence and security set-up along the Indo-Tibetan border. 


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