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CRPF Full Form, History, Roles and Responsibility

CRPF Full Form

CRPF, or Central Reserve Police Force, is the largest division of the Central Armed Police Force (CAPF), operating under the Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. With the motto “Service and Loyalty,” CRPF plays a crucial role in maintaining law and order in States/UTs through its police operations. Additionally, it handles counter-insurgency situations across the country. CRPF regularly recruits both male and female candidates for various positions, considering their eligibility and suitability for the roles.

About CRPF

CRPF, India’s largest paramilitary organization under the Ministry of Home Affairs, focuses on counterinsurgency and counterterrorism operations. It plays a crucial role in assisting state police during elections, civil unrest, and natural disasters. Ranks within CRPF come with specific pay scales, determined by promotions and years of service.

  • The force’s primary mandate includes handling security challenges like counter-insurgency and counter-terrorism.
  • CRPF personnel actively contribute to disaster management and humanitarian relief operations.
  • Their dedication and sacrifices have earned CRPF immense respect, making it a vital component of India’s security apparatus.

CRPF Overview

The CRPF is one of the Most renowned Central Armed Police Force’s. The CRPF works under the Ministry of Home Affairs(Government of India). All the candidates preparing for the CRPF must be aware of the roles and responsibilities regarding the CRPF. Given below is the overview of the CRPF:

CRPF Overview 
CRPF Full Form Central Reserve Police Force
Established 27th July, 1939 as the Crown’s Representatives Police
Operates Under Ministry of Home Affairs
First Director General Shri. V.G Kanetkar
Motto Service and Loyalty
Strength 3,00,000+
Exam Conducted CRPF ASI, CRPF Head Constable, CRPF Constable
Official Website crpf.gov.in

CRPF History

CRPF was Originally constituted as the Crown Representative Police in 1939, it is one of the oldest Central para military forces (now termed as Central Armed Police Force). CRPF was raised in response to the political unrest and the insurgency in the then princely States of India following the Madras Resolution of the All-India Congress Committee in 1936 and the growing desire of the Crown Representative to help the vast majority of the native States to preserve law and order as a part of the imperial policy.

  • After Independence, the force was renamed as Central Reserve Police Force by an Act of Parliament on December 28, 1949.
  • This Act constituted CRPF as an armed force of the Union. Sardar Vallabh bhai Patel, the then Home Minister,  visualized a multi-dimensional role for it in tune with the changing needs of a newly independent nation.
  • The CRPF Rules as envisaged in CRPF Act were framed in 1955 and published in the Gazette of India dated March 25, 1955.
  • Shri V.G. Kanetkar was appointed as the first DG, of CRPF. Since then it is working tirelessly to make India a better place and an abode of peace.

The CRPF has an illustrious history of valour and sacrifice. Its personnel have displayed exceptional courage and bravery while protecting the nation’s interests. Many CRPF personnel have made the ultimate sacrifice in the line of duty, earning them respect and admiration from the nation. Their unwavering commitment and dedication serve as an inspiration to future generations.

Check: NCC Full Form

CRPF- Roles and Responsibilities

The primary role of CRPF is to assist the government in maintaining rule of law, internal security  and public order efficiently. to ensure  National Integrity and Promote Social Harmony and Development by upholding the supremacy of the Constitution.

Broad duties being performed by the CRPF are:

  1. Internal Security: CRPF plays a vital role in maintaining internal security and combating various forms of insurgency, terrorism, and left-wing extremism in different parts of the country. They assist the state police forces in restoring law and order and conducting counter-terrorism operations.
  2. Riot Control and Crowd Management: The CRPF is responsible for controlling riots, maintaining peace, and managing unruly crowds during protests, demonstrations, or any situation that poses a threat to public order and security.
  3. VIP Security: CRPF personnel provide security cover to important dignitaries, high-ranking government officials, and VIPs. They ensure their safety and protection against potential threats.
  4. Counter-Insurgency Operations: The force participates in counter-insurgency operations in areas affected by insurgency or militancy. They assist the local police and other security agencies in neutralizing militants, conducting search operations, and maintaining a presence in conflict zones.
  5. Border Security: CRPF is deployed in border areas to strengthen border security, prevent infiltrations, and curb smuggling activities. They work closely with other border security forces to ensure the integrity of India’s borders.
  6. Law and Order Duties: CRPF is often deployed in situations where there is a breakdown of law and order. They assist the local police in maintaining peace, preventing communal tensions, and addressing any unrest or violence.
  7. Disaster Management: The CRPF extends its support in disaster management operations, including rescue and relief efforts during natural calamities such as earthquakes, floods, and cyclones. They provide assistance in evacuations, medical aid, and restoration of essential services.
  8. Training and Capacity Building: CRPF conducts training programs for its personnel and other security forces to enhance their skills in various areas such as combat, weapon handling, intelligence gathering, and disaster response. They contribute to the overall capacity building of security forces in the country.
  9. Community Development: CRPF engages in various community development activities in the areas where they are deployed. They undertake initiatives to promote education, healthcare, infrastructure development, and welfare programs for the local population.

CRPF-Symbol and Motto


CRPF is serving the nation with utmost bravery and valour, and its symbol itself describes the adjectives it is adorned with, The “crossed swords in the insignia is the symbol of ” shakti” (power) with the burning flame of light is the sign of knowledge and wisdom.

The Motto of CRPF is  “NATION FIRST – FOLLOW ME” while its Credo is “Tejsvi Navdhitmastu”  which means “Let brilliance emerges out of our endeavour” taken from “KATHOPNISHAAD”.

The CRPF symbol, with its shield, torch, olive branches, tricolor stripes, and scroll, embodies the values and mission of the force. It represents the CRPF’s commitment to protecting the nation, maintaining peace, and upholding the principles of justice and harmony. The symbol serves as a visual representation of the CRPF’s dedication, valor, and professionalism in carrying out its responsibilities.

Types of Ranks Under CRPF

The Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) has a several rank structure comprising three main categories: Non-gazetted Officers (NGOs), Subordinate Officers, and Gazetted Officers (GOs).

Non-Gazetted Officers (NGOs)
Constable (Other Rank/ORs)
Head Constable (Under Officer)
Subordinate Officers
Assistant Sub Inspector (ASI)
Sub Inspector (SI)
Gazetted Officers (GOs)
Assistant Commandant (Equivalent to DSP)
Deputy Commandant (Additional SP)
Second in Command (SP)
Commandant (SSP)
Deputy Inspector General (DIG)
Inspector General (IG)
Additional Director General (ADG)
Special Director General (SDG)
Director General (DG)

CRPF Full Form in Hindi

सेंट्रल रिजर्व पुलिस फोर्स (सीआरपीएफ) भारत की सबसे बड़ी पैरामिलिट्री फोर्स में से एक है जो विभिन्न क्षेत्रों में आंतरिक सुरक्षा का पालन करती है। सीआरपीएफ 1939 में “क्राउन रेप्रेजेंटेटिव पुलिस” के नाम से स्थापित की गई और 1949 में आधिकारिक रूप से इसे सीआरपीएफ के रूप में नामित किया गया। अपने इतिहास के लगभग आठ दशकों से ज्यादा समय के बाद, सीआरपीएफ राष्ट्रीय सुरक्षा को बनाए रखने और जोखिमों को नियंत्रित करने में महत्वपूर्ण भूमिका निभाती है।  सीआरपीएफ मुख्य रूप से राज्य / केंद्र शासित प्रदेशों को कानून, व्यवस्था और शांति बनाए रखने और उग्रवाद का मुकाबला करने के लिए पुलिस संचालन में सहायता करने के लिए जिम्मेदार है।

CRPF Full Form, History, Roles and Responsibility_4.1


What is the full form of CRPF?

the full form of CRPF is Central Reserved Police Forces .

Is CRPF Indian Army ?

it comes under ministry of home affairs hence it is not a part of indian army

where is the headquarter of CRPF?

CRPF headquarter is in New Delhi.

What is the motto of CRPF?

The motto of the CRPF, "Service and Loyalty," is inscribed below the Ashoka Lion Capital. It reflects the force's commitment to serving the nation and remaining loyal to its duty.

What are the career prospects in CRPF?

The CRPF offers a promising career with opportunities for growth and promotion. Upon joining as a constable, you can progress to higher ranks such as head constable, assistant sub-inspector, sub-inspector, and beyond, based on your performance, experience, and qualifying examinations.


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