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How To Prepare for SSC Exam: A Step by Step Guide

SSC is one of the most important exams in India. Every year it attracts lakhs of aspirants for exams like SSC CGL, SSC CHSL, SSC MTS, and other exams. However, cracking SSC is not very easy as there is a lot of competition and the level of the exam is also moderate to difficult.

But to help candidates in their preparation journey we came up with this detailed article, where we will discuss how candidates can crack the SSC Exam, the roadmap and resources they need.

Understanding the SSC Exam

First and foremost, candidates must understand the exam well. SSC conducts several exams, such as SSC CGL for graduate candidates, SSC CHSL for 12th pass, SSC MTS for 10th pass, Selection Post, Stenographer, and many others. First candidates must understand which exam they want to appear for. For this, they need to understand the whole exam process like eligibility criteria, selection process, salary, and other crucial details and then make a decision.

Once you have decided on the exam you want to appear for and read the official notification, you can begin to understand how to prepare for that exam and build your strategy.

Step-by-Step Preparation Strategy

Preparing for the SSC exam requires a systematic and disciplined approach. Begin by understanding the exam pattern and syllabus thoroughly. Create a study schedule that allocates dedicated time for each subject and topic, ensuring you cover the entire syllabus. Focus on strengthening your fundamentals in Quantitative Aptitude, Reasoning, English, and General Awareness. Pay special attention to current affairs and revise regularly. Also, utilize reliable study materials and online resources for comprehensive preparation and maintain a balanced study routine. Practice regularly with mock tests and previous years’ question papers to improve your speed and accuracy and maintain consistency.

Start → Understand Exam Pattern and Syllabus → Create a Study Schedule → Strengthen Fundamentals in Key Subjects → Regular Practice with Mock Tests and Previous Papers → Use Reliable Study Materials and Online Resources → Maintain Balanced Study Routine and Take Breaks → Stay Consistent and Motivated → Success in SSC Exam

Now, we will discuss each point in detail below.

Know the SSC Syllabus and Exam Pattern

Understanding the SSC (Staff Selection Commission) syllabus and exam pattern for each exam is essential for success in SSC exams. These exams are highly competitive and require thorough preparation to secure a good rank. Knowing the syllabus and exam pattern helps you to focus your study efforts on the right topics and understand the type of questions you will face. Below, we have discussed the syllabus for some major SSC Exams. For the exam pattern, candidates are advised to read the official notification.

SSC Syllabus for All Exams

There are 4 subjects common for all exams in SSC, these subjects are- Quantitative Aptitude, English Language, General Awareness, and General Intelligence & Reasoning. The subjects are common however, the difficulty level of the exam differs based on the level of the exam. For SSC MTS, the exam difficulty level is the 10th pass, for CHSL it is the 12th pass, etc. Check the SSC Syllabus in the table below.

General Intelligence & Reasoning General Awareness Quantitative Aptitude English Language
Analogies, similarities & differences, space visualization, problem-solving, analysis, judgment, decision-making, visual memory, discrimination, observation, relationship concepts, arithmetical reasoning, verbal & figure classification, arithmetical number series, non-verbal series. History, culture, geography, economic scene, general policy & scientific research, and current events. Number systems, computation of whole numbers, decimals, fractions, relationships between numbers, fundamental arithmetical operations, percentages, ratio and proportion, averages, interest, profit and loss, discount, use of tables and graphs, mensuration, time and distance, ratio and time, time and work. Spot the error, fill in the blanks, synonyms/antonyms, spelling/detecting misspelt words, idioms & phrases, one-word substitution, improvement of sentences, active/passive voice, direct/indirect narration, shuffling of sentence parts, shuffling of sentences in a passage, cloze passage, comprehension passage.

Create a Study Plan

Creating a study plan for SSC exams is crucial to effectively cover all the subjects and topics included in the exam syllabus. A well-structured study plan ensures thorough preparation and helps manage time efficiently. It is essential to understand the exam pattern, syllabus, and weightage of each subject to create a targeted study plan.

Allocating specific time slots for different subjects and topics, revising regularly, practising mock tests, and focusing on weaker areas are key strategies for success in SSC exams. Check the sample SSC Study Routine shared below for reference.

This study plan is designed to help you prepare effectively for SSC exams. It covers the key subjects and topics you need to focus on each month, week, and day.

Monthly Study Plan

This study plan outlines the key subjects and topics to focus on each month for effective preparation.

Month Subjects/Topics Covered
Month 1 Understand exam patterns and syllabus, General Intelligence & Reasoning, General Awareness
General Intelligence & Reasoning, General Awareness
Month 2 Quantitative Aptitude, General Awareness
Revise all subjects, English Language preparation
Month 3 Intensive study of English Language
Practice mock tests and previous years’ papers for all subjects

Weekly Study Plan

This weekly study plan breaks down the subjects and topics to cover each week.

Week Subjects/Topics Covered
Week 1 General Intelligence & Reasoning (Analogies, similarities & differences)
General Awareness (History, culture)
Quantitative Aptitude (Number systems)
Week 2 General Intelligence & Reasoning (Space visualization, problem-solving)
General Awareness (Geography, economic scene)
Quantitative Aptitude (Decimals, fractions)
Week 3 General Intelligence & Reasoning (Visual memory, arithmetical reasoning)
General Awareness (General policy & scientific research)
Quantitative Aptitude (Percentage, ratio and proportion)
Week 4 General Intelligence & Reasoning (Verbal & figure classification)
General Awareness (Current events)
Quantitative Aptitude (Averages, interest)

Daily Schedule

This daily schedule helps organize your study sessions throughout the day.

Morning Afternoon Evening
2 hours: General Intelligence & Reasoning practice 2 hours: Quantitative Aptitude practice 1 hour: Mock test practice
1 hour: General Awareness revision 1 hour: English Language Study 1 hour: Revision of weak areas

Gather Study Materials

Gathering study materials for your SSC exam is a crucial step in your preparation journey. Ensure you have access to comprehensive textbooks, previous years’ question papers, and online resources like video lectures and practice tests. Organize your study materials systematically to cover all subjects and topics effectively. Make use of reliable websites, study apps, and coaching materials to supplement your preparation.

Focus on Conceptual Clarity

Focusing on conceptual clarity is paramount for success in SSC exams. Rather than rote memorization, understanding the underlying concepts in subjects like General Intelligence & Reasoning, Quantitative Aptitude, and English Language is crucial. This approach not only helps in solving complex problems but also improves problem-solving skills and reduces the chance of making errors. Regular practice, revising fundamental concepts, and seeking clarification on doubts are essential strategies to achieve conceptual clarity and excel in SSC exams.

Practice Regularly

Regular practice is essential for success in SSC exams. It helps to improve the speed and accuracy of solving the question paper and also enhances the understanding of different subjects. Mock tests and previous years’ papers are valuable tools for practising under exam-like conditions and evaluating your progress. Through regular practice, you can identify your strengths and weaknesses, allowing you to focus more on areas that need improvement. This builds confidence for the SSC exams.

  • Speed and Accuracy: Improves speed and accuracy in solving questions.
  • Understanding: Deepens understanding of concepts and topics.
  • Problem-Solving Skills: Strengthens analytical and problem-solving skills.
  • Identifies Weak Areas.
  • Builds Confidence: Increases confidence and reduces exam anxiety.
  • Familiarity with Exam Format.
  • Tracks Progress.
  • Reduces Stress for better performance under pressure.
  • Increases Retention: Enhances information retention and recall.
  • Overall Performance: This leads to improved performance in SSC exams.

Improve Time Management

Managing your study time efficiently is crucial for SSC exam preparation. Setting aside dedicated time for each subject and topic, prioritising tasks, and using study techniques like Pomodoro, where you work in focused intervals followed by short breaks, can enhance productivity and concentration.

Enhance General Awareness and Current Affairs

Stay updated with the latest news, events, and developments to enhance your general awareness. Regularly read newspapers and follow reputable websites to improve your knowledge of current affairs. You can also refer to monthly current affairs consolidation magazines.

Strengthen English Language Skills

Focus on improving your English language skills by practising grammar, vocabulary, reading comprehension, and writing. Use resources like English language books, online courses, and practice tests to enhance your proficiency.

Maintain Good Health

Taking care of your physical and mental well-being is essential during exam preparation. Get enough sleep, eat healthily, exercise regularly, and practice relaxation techniques to maintain good health and improve concentration.

Join a Coaching Institute(Online/Offline)

Joining a coaching institute, whether online or offline can be highly beneficial for SSC exam preparation. These institutes offer structured courses designed specifically for SSC exams, providing comprehensive study materials, expert guidance, and regular practice tests. Joining an online coaching institute provides flexibility and convenience, allowing you to access study materials and attend classes from anywhere.

Interested candidates can join the SSC Online Coaching offered by Adda247 which offers candidates to study at their own pace and in their comfort with the best faculty in India.


Cracking the SSC exam is a significant milestone for many aspirants in India, given the immense competition and the exam’s level. This journey demands a thorough understanding of the exam pattern, a disciplined study routine, and a strategic approach. With determination, hard work, and the right resources, achieving success in the SSC exam is within reach for dedicated aspirants.

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About the Author

Hi, I'm Tripti Mishra, a Journalism and Mass Communication graduate. I love working in the online digital space and have 2+ years of experience as a Content Writer in the Ed-tech industry. As a Senior Content Writer at Adda247, I take charge of managing the content for SSC, Bank, and Railway Exams. Follow me for more updates on the latest Sarkari Exams in India.


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