States and Capitals of India 2020: India now has 28 states and 8 UTs

India is located in South Asia and is officially known as the Republic of India. It is governed by a parliamentary form of government. There are 28 states and 8 union territories (UT’s) in India as of March 2020. Each state and union territory of India has an administrative, legislative and judicial capital. Every state is ruled by a Chief Minister. Here we have covered the list of the Indian States, Union Territories, and their capitals.

States and Capitals of India Map

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Difference Between States And Union Territories

Before we get into the State and Capitals, let us first understand the difference between a state and a union territory. Out of the eight union territories in India, Delhi, Puducherry (formerly Pondicherry) and Jammu & Kashmir have their own legislatures. Each union territory has a capital of its own or the main area of administration.

State Union Territories
 The state has its own administrative units with their own elected government. Union Territories are constituent units which are controlled and administered by the Central Government.
Executive Head is the Governor Executive Head is the President
The relationship with the Centre is Federal. Unitary with the Centre. i.e. all the powers rests in the hands of Union.
Administered by the Chief Minister and elected by the people. Administered by the Administrator which is appointed by the President. ( except Delhi, Puducherry and Jammu & Kashmir)
Chief Minister is the real head. Lieutenant is the real head.

State and Capitals of India

With knowledge of states and union territories, now let us have a look at the state and capitals of India. The states and the capitals are very commonly asked in the GK Questions of a no. of competitive exams held in the country timely. The 28 Indian States and their capitals are as follows.

 States and Capitals of India
S.no States Capitals
1 Andhra Pradesh Hyderabad (Proposed Capital Amaravati)
2 Arunachal Pradesh Itanagar
3 Assam Dispur
4 Bihar Patna
5 Chhattisgarh Raipur
6 Goa Panaji
7 Gujarat Gandhinagar
8 Haryana Chandigarh
9 Himachal Pradesh Shimla
10 Jharkhand Ranchi
11 Karnataka Bengaluru (formerly Bangalore)
12 Kerala Thiruvananthapuram
13 Madhya Pradesh Bhopal
14 Maharashtra Mumbai
15 Manipur Imphal
16 Meghalaya Shillong
17 Mizoram Aizawl
18 Nagaland Kohima
19 Odisha Bhubaneswar
20 Punjab Chandigarh
21 Rajasthan Jaipur
22 Sikkim Gangtok
23 Tamil Nadu Chennai
24 Telangana Hyderabad
25 Tripura Agartala
26 Uttar Pradesh Lucknow
27 Uttarakhand Dehradun, Gairsain (Summer)
28 West Bengal Kolkata

Union Territories Of India: Updates

Before we get into the Union Territories and their capitals, let us first have a look at the recent updates on UT’s as of March 2020.

  1. With effect from 26th January 2020, India has 8 union territories. The Union Territories of Daman and Diu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli have become a single union territory since January 26 through a Bill passed by the Parliament in the winter session.
  2. On August 5, the central government had announced the abrogation of the special status given to Jammu and Kashmir under Article 370 and its division into two Union Territories i.e. UTs of Jammu and Kashmir, and Ladakh.
  3. With the merger of Daman and Diu, and Dadra and Nagar Haveli, the number of UT’s have come down to eight.

Union Territories and Capitals

At Present India has 8 Union Territories and 28 States. The erstwhile state of Jammu and Kashmir has been bifurcated into two Union Territories (UT) of J&K and Ladakh. The newly formed union territories have been formed under a reorganization act passed by the Parliament on 5-6 August 2020. At present India has 8 Union Territories.

Union Territories of India
S.no Union territories Capital
1 Andaman and Nicobar Islands Port Blair
2 Chandigarh Chandigarh
3 Dadra and Nagar Haveli,
Daman  & Diu
Daman
4 Delhi New Delhi
5 Lakshadweep Kavaratti
6 Puducherry (Pondicherry) Puducherry (formerly Pondicherry)
7 Jammu and Kashmir Srinagar (Summer), Jammu (Winter)
8 Ladakh Leh

How Delhi, Puducherry, J& K are different from other Union Territories?

  1. In India, all the states and three union territories, i.e. Puducherry, Delhi, and Jammu and Kashmir possess elected legislature and government.
  2. There are total eight union territories in India, out of which 3, i.e. Jammu and Kashmir, Delhi, and Puducherry, have their elected members and the Chief Minister, as these are granted with partial statehood, by an amendment to the Constitution.
  3. Jammu and Kashmir, Delhi, and Puducherry possess their own legislative assembly and executive council and operate like states. The remaining union territories are controlled and regulated by the Union of the country, that’s why named as a union territory.