Home   »   Major Tribes in India

Major Tribes in India, Check Types and Names

Tribes in India

A tribe is a social division in a traditional society consisting of families connected by social, economic, religious, or blood ties, with a common culture and dialect. A tribe possesses certain qualities and characteristics that make it a unique cultural, social, and political entity. They are united by ties of descent from a common ancestor, a community of customs and traditions, adherence to the same leaders, etc

Major Tribes in India, Check Types and Names_40.1

In India, Tribes are known as ‘Adivasis’ in India and The Ministry of Tribal Affairs is the head ministry of scheduled tribes in India.

Major Tribes in India

Indian Constitution recognizes tribal communities in India under ‘Schedule 5’. Thus, the tribes recognized by the Constitution are known as ‘ Scheduled Tribes. There are approximately 645 distinct tribes in India. The total population of scheduled Tribes is around 100 million as per the Census 2011 which is around 8.6% of the whole population of the nation. The share of the Scheduled  Tribe population in urban areas is 2.8%. For Scheduled Tribes, 47 seats are reserved in Lok Sabha.

On November 10, 2021, the Union Cabinet declared November 15 as ‘Janjatiya Gaurav Divas’ marking the birth anniversary of the esteemed leader and saluting his contributions to India’s freedom movement.

State Wise List of Major Tribes

Among all the states, Madhya Pradesh has the largest number of scheduled Tribes, and Orissa stands at the second position. There are no Scheduled Tribes in certain states like Punjab, Delhi, Chandigarh, Pondicherry, and Haryana.

Let’s look at the list of state-wise Major tribes of India provided below –

States Tribes
Jammu and Kashmir Gaddi, Garra, Mon, Purigpa, Sippi, Bakarwal, Balti.
Himachal Pradesh Gaddis, Gujjars, Khas, Lamba, Pangwala, Lahaulas, Swangla
Uttarakhand Bhotias, Buksa, Khas, Jaunsari, Raji, Tharu
Uttar Pradesh Jaunsari, Kol, Raji, Tharu, Bhotia
Rajasthan Bhils, Damaria, Dhanka, Meenas, Sahariya, Pateliya.
Gujarat Paradhi, Pateliya, Barda, Bamcha, Bhil, Charan, Dhodia, Gamta.
Maharashtra Katkari, Khond, Rathawa, Warlis, Bhaina, Bhunjia, Dhodia
Goa Siddi, Varli, Dhodia, Dubia, Naikda.
Karnataka Adiyan, Barda, Gond, Bhil, Iruliga, Koraga, Yerava and Pateliya
Kerala Adiyan, Arandan, Kurumbas, Malai arayan, Moplahs, Uralis
Tamil Nadu Adiyan, Aranadan, Irular, Kadar, Kanikar, Kotas, Todas.
Madhya Pradesh Baigas, Bhils, Bharia, Birhors, Gonds,Katkari, kharia, Khond, Kol, Murias.
Chhattisgarh Agariya, Bhaina, Bhattra, Biar, Khond, Mawasi, Nagasia.
Telangana Chenchus
Odisha Gadaba, Ghara, Kharia, Matya, Oraons, Santhals, Rajuar
Jharkhand Gonds, Kharia, Mundas, Santhals, Savar, Birhors, Bhumij
Bihar Asur, Baiga, Birhor, Birjia, Chero, Gond, Parhaiya, Santhals, Savar
West Bengal Asur, Khond, Hajong, Ho, Parhaiya, Rabha, Santhals, Savar
Sikkim Bhutia, Khas, Lepchas, Limboo, Tamang
Andhra Pradesh Andh, Sadhu Andh, Bhagata, Bhil, Chenchus, Gadabas, Gond, Goundu, Jatapus, Kammara, Kattunayakan, Kolawar, Kolam, Konda, Manna Dhora, Pardhan, Rona, Savaras, Nakkala, Dhulia, Thoti, Sugalis, Banjara, Kondareddis, Koya, Mukha Dhora, Valmiki , Yenadis, Sugalis, Lambadis.
Arunachal Pradesh Sherdukpen, Singpho, Apatanis, Abor, Dafla, Galong, Momba.
Assam Chakma, Chutiya, Dimasa, Hajong, Garos, Khasis, Gangte.
Andaman and Nicobar Oraons, Onges, Shompens, Sentinelese.
Manipur Aimol, Angami, Chiru, Kuki, Maram, Monsang, Paite, Purum, Thadou
 Meghalaya Jaintias Khasis, Lakher, Pawai, Raba, Chakma, Garos, Hajong
Mizoram Khasi, Kuki, Lakher, Pawai, Raba, Synteng, Chakma, Dimasa.
Nagaland Mikir, Nagas, Sema, Angami, Garo, Kachari, Kuki.
Tripura Chakma, Halam, Khasia, Lushai, Mizel, Namte, Bhil, Bhutia, Chaimal.

 

Major Tribes in India, Check Types and Names_50.1

Thank You, Your details have been submitted we will get back to you.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published.