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CDS Full Form and Job Profile

CDS Full Form

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) holds the CDS exam to pick candidates for admission to the Indian Military Academy (IMA), Indian Naval Academy (INA), Air Force Academy (AFA), and Officers Training Academy (OTA). The CDS stands for Combined Defence Services Examination. Some people also use CDS to refer to the Chief of Defence Staff, who is the head of the Indian Armed Forces. This article explains the CDS full form in detail.

What is CDS Full Form?

CDS stands for Combined Defence Services exam and is held two times every year, in April and September. This national-level exam aims to recruit candidates for officer posts in the armed forces. The selection process involves a written exam followed by an SSB interview. To be eligible for the CDS exam, candidates must have completed graduation from a recognized Indian university.

CDS Full Form Overview

All the candidates who dream of serving the nation and are preparing for the CDS exam must be aware of some important things about the CDS exam. Given below is the overview of the CDS exam:

CDS Exam Overview 
Exam Name Combined Defence Services(CDS)
Conducting Authority Union Public Service Commission(UPSC)
Frequency of Exam Twice an year
Exam Level National
Mode of Exam Offline
Selection Process Written exam and SSB
Number of Questions Maths: 100
English: 120
General Knowledge: 120
Total Marks Written Exam: IMA/INA/AFA- 300 Marks
OTA- 200 Marks
SSB Interview: IMA/INA/AFA- 300 Marks
OTA- 200 Marks
Marking Policy +1 for every correct answer
-0.33 for every wrong answer

History of CDS

The Chairman-CoSC position, established in 1947, predates the creation of the CDS and serves as the senior military advisor to the Defense Minister. The concept of a Chief of Defense Staff (CDS) was initially discussed in the 1960s following conflicts with Pakistan and China, gaining traction after the Kargil Review Committee’s recommendation in 1999. Various committees, including the Naresh Chandra Committee in 2012 and Lieutenant General D. B. Shekatkar Committee in 2016, proposed the creation of a CDS. Consultations with stakeholders commenced in 2006, with the decision-making process initiated in 2017 under the Cabinet Committee on Security.

Check: AFCAT Full Form

CDS Full Form: CDS Summary

CDS, or Combined Defence Services, is a competitive examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) of India for recruitment into the Indian Armed Forces. The CDS examination is held twice a year, usually in April and September, and is a gateway for candidates seeking entry into the Indian Army, Navy, and Air Force.

Aspect Details
Eligibility Criteria The CDS examination is open to both male and female candidates who must meet the specified eligibility criteria set by the UPSC.
Citizenship Candidates must be Indian citizens.
Educational Qualification Candidates should have completed their graduation or an equivalent qualification from a recognized university.
Age Limit The age limit for the CDS examination varies based on the service for which a candidate is applying.
Examination Components The CDS examination consists of a written test and an interview conducted by the Service Selection Board (SSB).
Written Test The written test includes three papers: English, General Knowledge, and Elementary Mathematics.
Interview Process The interview is conducted by the SSB and involves psychological tests, group discussions, and personal interviews. It is designed to assess the candidate’s aptitude, intelligence, and personality traits.

The written exam comprises three sections: (1) English, (2) General Knowledge and (3) Elementary Mathematics. The duration of each exam is 2 hours. For Officers Training Academy the written exam consists of two sections: (1) English, (2) General Knowledge. For OTA also the duration of each exam is 2 hours. CDS exam conducted in offline mode. The question paper consists of multiple-choice questions.

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CDS Full Form: Marking System of CDS Exam

It is important to know the marking scheme of the exam as it helps candidates attempt question papers wisely. In CDS Exam, +1 mark is awarded for each correct answer and 0.33 marks are deducted for each wrong attempt. If two answers are marked for one question. It will be considered wrong and negative marks will be deducted.

Once you have cleared the written exam for CDS, the next step is SSB which is conducted after a month or two (depending upon the academy you are applying for):

  • The SSB is a five-day process (for the air force it’s six as they conduct PABT) where they will check whether you are suitable for the forces or not i.e. you have officer-like qualities in you.
  • Once you have been recommended by the SSB board the next step is medicals which are conducted at the army hospital by the army doctors.
  • After you have been declared medically fit by the medical board of the hospital, you’ll have to clear an all-india merit list that will be made by taking your written and SSB marks into consideration.
  • If your name comes in the merit list, you’ll be provided joining instructions and will be asked to report at the applied academy on a set date with the required documents.
  •  Then you will undergo a rigorous training program which will polish you to become the best version of yourself 

CDS SSB Interview

The candidates who qualify for the CDS written exam will be called to appear in the SSB interview round. The CDS SSB Interview will comprise a two-stage process and only candidates who qualify in the Stage 1 shall be called for Stage 2.

Stage 1 Details
Officer Intelligence Rating (OIR) Tests Includes Picture Perception and Description Test (PP&DT).
Performance in both OIR and PP&DT tests considered for shortlisting for Stage
Stage 2 Details
Interview Part of the second stage.
Group Testing Officer Tasks
Psychology Tests
Duration Usually conducted over a period of 4 days.

CDS Eligibility Criteria

Now that you understand the CDS exam process, you can follow these steps to apply:

  1. Visit the official UPSC website for CDS (1) 2023 Exam.
  2. Fill in your details in “Part I” of the application form.
  3. Choose the academy you want to apply for (e.g., Indian Naval Academy, Indian Air Force Academy).
  4. Complete “Part A” to generate your Registration ID, then proceed to “Part B” of the application form.
  5. Upload scanned documents and signatures in the required format (PDF, JPEG, etc.).
  6. Pay the application fee and select your exam center.
  7. Double-check your details and then click “Submit.”
  8. Keep a record of the application number generated.
  9. Print a copy of the application form for your records.

CDS Full Form in Hindi

सीडीएस (CDS) का फुल फार्म “Combined Defence Services” होता है, हिंदी में इसे “संयुक्त रक्षा सेवाएं” कहते है | इस परीक्षा में सफलता प्राप्त करनें के पश्चात आप भारतीय थल सेना, जल सेना और वायु सेना में एक अधिकारी पद पर नियुक्त हो सकते है 

भारतीय सशस्त्र सेना अपनी वीरता, अनुशासन और देशभक्ति के लिए जानी जाती है, और सीडीएस परीक्षा नौजवान लड़कों और लड़कियों के लिए एक अनोखा अवसर प्रदान करती है ताकि वे अपने देश की सेवा करने का एक अर्थपूर्ण और उत्थानदायक तरीके से अवसर प्राप्त कर सकें। सीडीएस परीक्षा न केवल ज्ञान और योग्यता का एक परीक्षण है, बल्कि व्यक्तित्व और प्रतिबद्धता का भी एक परीक्षण है। सीडीएस परीक्षा को सफलतापूर्वक पास करने वाले उम्मीदवारों से भारतीय सशस्त्र सेना के मूल्यों को अपनाने और राष्ट्र के लिए रोल मॉडल के रूप में काम करने की उम्मीद की जाती है।

सीडीएस परीक्षा एक उच्च सम्मानित और प्रतिस्पर्धात्मक परीक्षा है जो भारतीय सशस्त्र सेना में नौजवान लड़कों और लड़कियों के लिए देश की सेवा करने का एक द्वार प्रदान करती है।

CDS Full Form and Job Profile_3.1


Is there a physical test for the CDS exam?

Candidates must be physically fit according to the prescribed physical standards.

How much percentage is required for the CDS exam?

CDS Exam: Again for CDS exam there is no fixed percentage, you just need to be a graduate and of course you need to pass the CDS exam

Can a girl give a CDS exam?

Women too can apply for the CDS exam.

What is the full form of CDS?

The full form of CDS is Combined Defence Services.

How many times the CDS exam is conducted in an year?

The CDS exam is conducted twice an year.

How many subject are there in CDS exam written test?

The written test includes three papers: English, General Knowledge, and Elementary Mathematics.


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