What is The Largest Gland in The Human Body?
- Pituitary Gland
Ans. (3) Liver
Largest Gland in The Human Body: Solution
First, lets try to understand what is Gland? A gland is a group of cells in an animal’s body that produces substances (such as hormones, saliva etc.) for release into the bloodstream (endocrine gland) or into body cavities or its outer surface (exocrine gland).
There are two types of glands:
- Endocrine glands – They secrete substances directly into the bloodstream.
- Exocrine glands – They secrete substances into body cavities or its outer surface.
Liver is the largest gland in the human body. It is large, reddish-brown organs that lie on the right side of the belly weighing about 3 pounds. It is situated on the right side of the abdomen. It secretes many hormones to regulate the organs as well as the other glands, therefore is considered to be a master gland.
Types of Hormones that Liver secrets – Growth hormone, Thyroid stimulating hormone, Adrenocorticotropic hormone(ACTH), Gonadotropic hormone, Follicle stimulating hormone, Luteinizing hormone, Prolactin, Melanocyte –stimulating hormone, Oxytocin, Vasopressin or antidiuretic hormone (ADH).
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Functions of Liver
Liver is the largest solid organ of the human body. It performs the following functions:
- Process the blood coming from the digestive tract and breaks down into nutrients.
Liver detoxifies chemicals and metabolizes drugs that are easier to use for the rest of the body.
- The liver also produces bile, a fluid that helps digest fats and carry away waste.
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