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List of Indian Satellites from 1975 to 2022

List of Indian Satellites

As you all know various Defence Exams are going on and if you are preparing for these examinations, you know that General Awareness is very important topic and is frequently asked in the examination. Once you strengthen your General Knowledge section, you can easily score more and save time for other sections. So here is the list of some of the major satellites launched by India. Hope, this will give you an insight into the work done by ISRO. Before moving to the list of Satellites, let us have a look at a brief introduction to satellites and ISRO.

What is a Satellite?

Anything that orbits something else like the Moon orbits the Earth is known as a Satellite. Satellites are used for diverse purposes such as Weather Forecasting, Television Broadcast, Radio Communications, Internet Communications, GPS, etc. There are mainly two types of satellites:

  • Natural Satellites: These are Celestial Bodies that orbit a planet.
  • Artificial Satellites: These are man-made objects which are launched in a space for multiple purposes with the help of rockets.

There are many Government Organisations in the world that launch artificial satellites. One such organization is ISRO.

What is ISRO?

Indian Space Research Organization, also known as ISRO is a space agency of Government of India which has its Headquarters in Bengaluru. It was established by renowned scientist Vikram Sarabhai in 1962. This agency is mainly involved in Research and Development activities related to Space Application including launching Artificial Satellites.

As you can see there are various types of satellites like Communication, Scientific, Experimental, Navigation, etc. Now without further ado, let us begin with the list of all the Satellites launched by India.

List of Indian Satellites [1975-2022]

Launch year Satellite Importance
1975 Aryabhatta
  • India’s first satellite.
  • It was launched from Russian satellite which was developed at ISRO.
  • The main purpose of the Satellite was to gain experience in building and operating satellites in Space.
1979 Bhaskara Sega-I
  • India’s first experimental remote sensing satellite that provided land surface data.
  • It carried TV and microwave cameras.
Rohini Technology Payload The First Indian launch vehicle Failed to achieve orbit.
1980 Rohini RS-1
  • It was launched by India’s first Launch Vehicle SLV3.
  • India’s first indigenous satellite launch was used for measuring the in-flight performance of the second experimental launch of SLV-3.
1981 Rohini RS-D1
  • Launched by the first developmental launch of SLV-3.
  • It help to conduct remote sensing technology studies using a sensor payload.
Apple
  • First experimental communication satellite.
  • Ariane Payload Passenger Experiment.
  • It has C- Band navigator that helped in navigation.
Bhaskara-II
  • Second experimental remote sensing satellite.
  • This was improvised versions of Bhaskar to improve the process of conducting observation related to Geology, Hydrology, etc.
1982 INSAT-1A
  • INSAT Series was the next level of Bhaskar.
  • First operational multipurpose communication and meteorology satellite.
  • INSAT series were launched for diverse purposes like metrological satellite with advanced weather monitoring payload, DTH, etc.
1983 Rohini RS-D2 Identical to RS-D1.
INSAT-1B
  • Identical to INSAT-1A.
  • It was launched to augment the existing capacity of previous INSATs.
1987 SROSS-1
  • Stretched Rohini Satellites Series (SROSS)
  • It carried a payload for launch vehicle performance monitoring and for gamma-ray astronomy. Failed to achieve orbit.
1988 IRS-1A
  • India’s first operational remote sensing satellite.
  • It carried linear imaging self scanning system that gave imagery for various applications.
SROSS-2 Carried remote sensing payload of the German space agency and gamma-ray astronomy payload.
INSAT-1C Same as INSAT-1A.
1990 INSAT-1D Identical to INSAT-1A.
1991 IRS-1B Improved version of IRS-1A.
1992 INSAT-2DT Launched as Arabsat 1C.
SROSS-C It carried gamma-ray astronomy and aeronomy payload.
INSAT-2A The first satellite in the second-generation Indian-built INSAT-2 series.
1993 INSAT-2B The second satellite in the INSAT-2 series.
IRS-1E Earth observation satellite. Failed to achieve orbit.
1994 SROSS-C2 Identical to SROSS-C.
IRS-P2 Launched by the second developmental flight of PSLV.
1995 INSAT-2C It has capabilities such as mobile satellite service, business communication and television outreach beyond Indian boundaries.
IRS-1C Launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome.
1996 IRS-P3
  • It carried a remote sensing payload and an X-ray astronomy payload.
  • It operated for eight years and four months and completed the mission.
1997 INSAT-2D Same as INSAT-2C.
IRS-1D Same as IRS-1C.
1999 INSAT-2E Multipurpose communication and meteorological satellite.
OceanSat-1
  • It is also known as IRS P4.
  • It carried an OCM (Ocean Color Monitor) and MSMR (Multi Frequency Scanning Microwave Radiometer) for oceanographic studies.
2000 INSAT-3B Multipurpose communication satellite.
2001 GSAT-1
  • Experimental satellite for the first developmental flight of GSLV-D1.
  • Failed to complete its mission as it got launched in a wrong orbit.
TES
  • Technology Experiment Satellites.
  • It was launched to test technologies like orbit control system, high torque reaction wheel, etc.
  • It is considered a prototype for future Indian spy satellites.
  • It was launched with the help of PSLV. It had a pan chromatic camera with better resolution.
2002 INSAT-3C Augmented the INSAT capacity for communication and broadcasting
Kalpana-1
  • First meteorological satellite built by ISRO.
  • It was named after Kalpana Chawla.
  • It had a very high resolution scanning radiometer and provided weather and atmosphere data.
2003 INSAT-3A Multipurpose communication satellite, similar to INSAT-2E and Kalpana-1.
GSAT-2
  • Experimental satellite for the second developmental test flight of GSLV.
  • With advancements like multi band communication dedicated for military use, etc.
INSAT-3E Communication satellite to augment the existing INSAT System.
ResourceSat-1 Intended to supplement and replace IRS-1C and IRS-1D.
2004 EduSAT India’s first exclusive educational satellite.
2005 CartoSat-1
  • Earth observation satellite.
  • First Indian Satellite to provide Stereographic in-Orbit image with 2.5m resolution.
HamSat
  • Micro-satellite built in collaboration with Indian and Dutch researchers.
  • For providing satellite based amateur radio services to national as well as international community.
INSAT-4A Advanced satellite for direct-to-home television broadcasting services.
2006 INSAT-4C Geosynchronous communications satellite. Failed to achieve orbit.
2007 CartoSat-2
  • Advanced remote sensing satellite
  • Carried pan chromatic camera capable of providing scene specific spot images.
SRE-1 An experimental satellite that was launched as a co-passenger with CARTOSAT-2.
INSAT-4B Identical to INSAT-4A.
INSAT-4CR Identical to INSAT-4C.
2008 CartoSat-2A Identical to CARTOSAT-2.
IMS-1 Low-cost microsatellite imaging mission. Launched as co-passenger with CARTOSAT-2A.
Chandrayaan-1 India’s first unmanned lunar probe.
2009 RISAT-2 Radar imaging satellite. Launched as a co-passenger with ANUSAT.
AnuSat-1 Research micro-satellite. It has since been retired.
OceanSat-2 Continues mission of OceanSat-1.
2010 GSAT-4 Communications satellite with technology demonstrator features. Failed to achieve orbit.
CartoSat-2B Identical to CartoSat-2A.
StudSat India’s first pico-satellite (weighing less than 1 kg).
GSAT-5P C-band communication satellite. Failed to achieve the mission.
2011 ResourceSat-2 Identical to ResourceSat-1.
YouthSat Indo-Russian stellar and atmospheric mini-satellite.
GSAT-8 or INSAT-4G Communications Satellite
GSAT-12 Augmented the capacity of the INSAT system for various communication services.
Megha-Tropiques Jointly developed by ISRO and the French CNES.
Jugnu Nano-satellite developed by IIT Kanpur.
SRMSat Nano-satellite developed by SRM Institute of Science and Technology.
2012 RISAT-1 India’s first indigenous all-weather Radar Imaging Satellite.
GSAT-10 India’s advanced communication satellite.
2013 SARAL Joint Indo-French satellite mission for oceanographic studies.
IRNSS-1A The first of seven satellites in the IRNSS navigational system.
INSAT-3D It is a meteorological Satellite with advanced weather monitoring payloads.
GSAT-7 It is the advanced multi-band communication satellite dedicated to military use.
Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) or Mangalyaan-1 India’s first Mars orbiter.
2014 GSAT-14 Intended to replace GSAT-3, and to augment the in-orbit capacity of Extended C and Ku-band transponders.
IRNSS-1B It is the second of seven satellites in the IRNSS system.
IRNSS-1C It is the third satellite in the IRNSS.
GSAT-16 It has the highest number of transponders in a single satellite at that time (48 transponders).
2015 IRNSS-1D It is the fourth satellite in the IRNSS.
GSAT-6 Communication satellite that marks the success of indigenously developed upper stage cryogenic engine.
Astrosat India’s first dedicated multi-wavelength space observatory.
GSAT-15 Communications satellite.
2016 IRNSS-1E It is the fifth satellite in the IRNSS.
IRNSS-1F It is the sixth satellite in the IRNSS.
IRNSS-1G It is the seventh satellite in the IRNSS.
Cartosat-2C Identical to CARTOSAT-2,2A and 2B.
SathyabamaSat A micro-satellite designed and built by Sathyabama University, Chennai.
Swayam-1 A 1-U pico-satellite designed and built by the students of College of Engineering, Pune.
INSAT-3DR An advanced meteorological satellite
Pratham A mini-satellite built by students and researchers at IIT, Mumbai.
PISat A micro-satellite designed and built by the students of PES Institute of Technology, Bengaluru.
ScatSat-1 Miniature satellite to provide weather forecasting, cyclone prediction, and tracking services to India.
GSAT-18 The heaviest satellite owned by India at the time of its launch.
ResourceSat-2A Identical to Resourcesat-1 and Resourcesat-2.
2017 CartoSat-2D ISRO holds the world record for launching the highest number of satellites by a single launch vehicle.
INS-1A One of 2 nano-satellites designed and manufactured by ISRO, as part of the constellation of 104 satellites launched in a single go.
INS-1B One of 2 nano-satellites designed and manufactured by ISRO, as part of the constellation of 104 satellites launched in a single go.
South Asia Satellite It is offered by India as a diplomatic initiative to its neighbouring countries (SAARC region) for communication, remote sensing, resource mapping and disaster management applications.
GSAT-19 It is the heaviest rocket (and the heaviest satellite) to be launched by ISRO from Indian soil.
NIUSat It is built by the students of Noorul Islam University, Kanyakumari.
CartoSat-2E  7th satellite in the Cartosat series to be built by ISRO.
GSAT-17 India’s 18th communication (and to date, its heaviest) satellite
IRNSS-1H First satellite to be co-designed and built-in collaboration with private sector assistance. Failed to achieve orbit.
2018 CartoSat-2F 6th satellite in the Cartosat series to be built by ISRO.
MicroSat-TD It is a technology demonstrator and the forerunner for future satellites in this series.
INS-1C Third satellite in the Indian Nanosatellite series. It will carry MMX-TD Payload from SAC.
GSAT-6A A high power S-band communication satellite. It will also provide a platform for developing technologies.
IRNSS-II Eighth satellite of IRNSS.
GSAT-29 High-throughput Communication Satellite
HySIS Hyperspectral imaging services for agriculture, forestry, resource mapping, geographical assessment and military applications.
ExseedSat-1 India’s first privately funded and built satellite.
GSAT-11 Heaviest Indian spacecraft in orbit to date.
GSAT-7A Services for IAF and Indian Army.
2019 Microsat-R Suspected to have been destroyed in the 2019 Indian anti-satellite missile test.
PS4 Stage attached with KalamSAT-V2 Used PSLV’s 4th stage as an orbital platform.
GSAT-31 Replacement of the ageing INSAT-4CR.
EMISAT Electromagnetic intelligence to track any enemy radars for IAF.
PS4 Stage attached with ExseedSat-2, AMSAT, ARIS and AIS payloads Utilization of the fourth stage directly as a satellite for experiments.
RISAT-2B Successor to old RISAT-2.
Orbiter of Chandrayaan-2 India’s second lunar exploration mission.
Cartosat-3 One of the optical satellites with the highest resolutions in the world.
RISAT-2BR1 Improved resolution of 0.35 metres.
2020 GSAT-30 Replacement of INSAT-4A.
EOS-01 Space-based synthetic aperture imaging radar.
CMS-01 Extended C-band coverage for mainland India, Lakshadweep and Andaman & Nicobar Islands.
2021 Sindhu Netra Earth observation satellite used by Indian Navy for surveillance over the Indian Ocean.
SDSat This Nanosatellite was developed by Space Kidz India to study radiations. It carried 25,000 names and a copy of Bhagavad Gita into space.
JITSat Developed by JIT as part of UNITYSat constellation.
GHRCESat Developed by GHRCE as part of UNITYSat constellation.
Sri Shakthi Sat Developed by SIET as part of UNITYSat constellation.
EOS-03 India’s first real-time Earth observation satellite and first satellite of the GISAT constellation.
Upcoming Satellites
2022 RISAT-1A Radar imaging satellite to facilitate high-quality images and additional security to Indian borders.
OCEANSAT-3 Earth observation satellite for oceanographic and atmospheric studies.
GSAT-20 Communication satellite to add data transmission capacity required by Smart Cities Mission of India.
GISAT-2 Multispectral and hyperspectral Earth-imaging satellite.
Aditya-L1 Solar coronal observation spacecraft.
GSAT-32 Communications satellite.
TDS-01 A technology demonstrator for TWTA and atomic clock.
SPADEX x 2 Demonstration of rendezvous space docking and berthing of spacecraft.
GSAT-7R Military communications satellite.
DRSS-1 Communications satellite comprising two satellites in the initial stage– CMS-04 and IDRSS-2 in GEO.
DRSS-2
X-ray Polarimeter Satellite Space observatory to study polarization of cosmic X-rays.
INSAT 3DS Military communications satellite.
2022-23 GSAT-7C Military communications satellite.
AstroSat-2 It is a space telescope and successor of AstroSat-1.
2023 NISAR A joint mission between ISRO and NASA is a dual-frequency synthetic aperture on an Earth observation satellite.
2024 Lunar Polar Exploration Mission Joint lunar exploration mission between ISRO and JAXA.
2024-25 Mangalyaan-2 India’s second Mars exploration mission.
2025 DISHA Twin aeronomy satellite mission.
2024-26 Shukrayaan-1 Venus exploration satellite.

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List of Indian Satellites from 1975 to 2022_40.1

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