List of Hydro Power Plants in India 2022
India, a country with a more than 1.4 billion population is the world’s third largest electricity consumer and producer. Its installed capacity is 403.7 GW as of June 2022. Out of which, more than sixty percent are produced using fossil fuels and thermal power plants. Currently, around 46,209 MW is produced n India using Hydro Power Plants.
Hydro power is one of the most cheap, environment friendly and broadly utilized renewable sources of energy among all the other sources available in the country. Hydropower basically means the Power which is generated from water and using that power, electricity is produced which is termed as Hydro electricity. Gravitational force of falling water id used to create that required energy. The best advantage of using hydropower is that it neither produces any direct waste matter nor is subjected to exhaustion.
The potential for hydro-electric potential in terms of installed capacity in India is estimated to be about 148,700 MW out of which a capacity of 42,783 MW (28.77%) has been produced so far and 13,616 MW (9.2 %) of capacity is under production.
As of now, India has 197 Hydro Power plants. India is endowed with an immense amount of hydroelectric potential and it has the fifth largest hydropower potential in terms of exploitable hydroelectric energy in the world. Top four countries are China, US, Brazil and Canada. The power generated from hydroelectric plants is used for several purposes.
Hydro Power Plants (producing more than 100 MW) in India
|Tehri Dam||Bhagirathi||Uttarakhand||2400 MW|
|Srisailam Dam||Krishna||Andhra Pradesh||1670 MW|
|Nagarjunasagar||Krishna||Andhra Pradesh||965 MW|
|Sardar Sarovar||Narmada||Gujarat||1450 MW|
|Baspa-II||Baspa||Himachal Pradesh||300 MW|
|Nathpa Jhakri||Satluj||Himachal Pradesh||1500 MW|
|Bhakra Dam||Satluj||Punjab||1325 MW|
|Pandoh Dam||Beas||Himachal Pradesh||990 MW|
|Baira Siul||Ravi||Himachal Pradesh||198 MW|
|Chamera-I||Ravi||Himachal Pradesh||540 MW|
|Chamera-II||Ravi||Himachal Pradesh||300 MW|
|Pong||Beas||Himachal Pradesh||396 MW|
|Uri Hydroelectric Dam||Jhelum||Jammu & Kashmir||480 MW|
|Dulhasti||Chenab||Jammu & Kashmir||390 MW|
|Salal||Chenab||Jammu & Kashmir||690 MW|
|Bansagar Dam||Sone||Madhya Pradesh||425 MW|
|Bargi Dam||Narmada||Madhya Pradesh||105 MW|
|Omkareshwar||Narmada||Madhya Pradesh||520 MW|
|Indira Sagar||Narmada||Madhya Pradesh||1000 MW|
|Bhira Hydroelectric Project||Mulshi Dam||Maharashtra||150 MW|
|Teesta VI||Teesta||Sikkim||510 MW|
|Loharinag Pala||Bhagirathi||Uttarakhand||600 MW|
List of Hydro Power Plants in India 2022 FAQs
Que.1 – Which country produces the most hydropower?
Ans.1 – With a total capacity of 341.1GW in 2017, China is the leading producer of hydropower in the world
Que.2 – Which is the first hydro electric power plant in India?
Ans. 2 – 4.5 MW Hydroelectric power station near Sivasamudram falls of the Cauvery in Karnataka.
Que. 3 – Which is the largest hydroelectric power plant in India?
Ans.3 – The Koyna Hydroelectric Project is the largest hydroelectric power plant in India which is located near Patan, in Maharashtra’s Satara district.
Que. 4 – Which is the highest hydroelectric power project in the country?
Ans. 4 – Tehri Hydro Electric Power plant is the highest hydroelectric power project in the country.