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List of Hydro Power Plants in India 2022

List of Hydro Power Plants in India 2022

India, a country with a more than 1.4 billion population is the world’s third largest electricity consumer and producer. Its installed capacity is 403.7 GW as of June 2022. Out of which, more than sixty percent are produced using fossil fuels and thermal power plants. Currently, around 46,209 MW is produced n India using Hydro Power Plants.

Hydro power is one of the most cheap, environment friendly and broadly utilized renewable sources of energy among all the other sources available in the country. Hydropower basically means the Power which is generated from water and using that power, electricity is produced which is termed as Hydro electricity. Gravitational force of falling water id used to create that required energy. The best advantage of using hydropower is that it neither produces any direct waste matter nor is subjected to exhaustion.

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The potential for hydro-electric potential in terms of installed capacity in India is estimated to be about 148,700 MW out of which a capacity of 42,783 MW (28.77%) has been produced so far and 13,616 MW (9.2 %) of capacity is under production.

As of now, India has 197 Hydro Power plants. India is endowed with an immense amount of hydroelectric potential and it has the fifth largest hydropower potential in terms of exploitable hydroelectric energy in the world. Top four countries are China, US, Brazil and Canada. The power generated from hydroelectric plants is used for several purposes.

Hydro Power Plants (producing more than 100 MW) in India

Name River Location Capacity (MW)
Tehri Dam Bhagirathi Uttarakhand 2400 MW
Srisailam Dam Krishna Andhra Pradesh 1670 MW
Nagarjunasagar Krishna Andhra Pradesh 965 MW
Sardar Sarovar Narmada Gujarat 1450 MW
Baspa-II Baspa Himachal Pradesh 300 MW
Nathpa Jhakri Satluj Himachal Pradesh 1500 MW
Bhakra Dam Satluj Punjab 1325 MW
Pandoh Dam Beas Himachal Pradesh 990 MW
Baira Siul Ravi Himachal Pradesh 198 MW
Chamera-I Ravi Himachal Pradesh 540 MW
Chamera-II Ravi Himachal Pradesh 300 MW
Pong Beas Himachal Pradesh 396 MW
Uri Hydroelectric Dam Jhelum Jammu & Kashmir 480 MW
Dulhasti Chenab Jammu & Kashmir 390 MW
Salal Chenab Jammu & Kashmir 690 MW
Sharavathi Sharavati Karnataka 1035 MW
Kalinadi Kalinadi Karnataka 955 MW
Idukki Periyar Kerala 780 MW
Bansagar Dam Sone Madhya Pradesh 425 MW
Bargi Dam Narmada Madhya Pradesh 105 MW
Omkareshwar Narmada Madhya Pradesh 520 MW
Indira Sagar Narmada Madhya Pradesh 1000 MW
Loktak Manipur Manipur 105 MW
Koyna Koyna Maharashtra 1960 MW
Bhira Hydroelectric Project Mulshi Dam Maharashtra 150 MW
Teesta VI Teesta Sikkim 510 MW
Tanakpur Sharda Uttarakhand 120 MW
Dhauliganga-I Dhauliganga Uttarakhand 280 MW
Loharinag Pala Bhagirathi Uttarakhand 600 MW

List of Hydro Power Plants in India 2022 FAQs

Que.1 – Which country produces the most hydropower?
Ans.1 – With a total capacity of 341.1GW in 2017, China is the leading producer of hydropower in the world

Que.2 – Which is the first hydro electric power plant in India?
Ans. 2 – 4.5 MW Hydroelectric power station near Sivasamudram falls of the Cauvery in Karnataka.

Que. 3 – Which is the largest hydroelectric power plant in India?
Ans.3 – The Koyna Hydroelectric Project is the largest hydroelectric power plant in India which is located near Patan, in Maharashtra’s Satara district.

Que. 4 – Which is the highest hydroelectric power project in the country?
Ans. 4 – Tehri Hydro Electric Power plant is the highest hydroelectric power project in the country.



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