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List of Intelligence Agencies in India

Intelligence Agencies in India

An Intelligence Agency is a government agency responsible for the collection, analysis, and exploitation of information in support of law enforcement, national security, military, public safety and foreign policy objectives. 

They conduct both kinds of operations, overt and covert which involves espionage, communication interception, cryptanalysis, cooperation with other institutions, and evaluation of public sources. The assembly and propagation of this information is known as intelligence analysis or intelligence assessment.

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Other than the Armed forces, intelligence agencies also play a crucial role in ensuring the safety and security of the nation by deterring internal as well as external threats to the country.

List of Intelligence Agencies in India

In this article, we will provide you with a list of Intelligence Agencies in India with their basic information. Check this out –

Name of the Organisation  Year of establishment  Incumbent Chief  Headquarters and under the aegis of  Primary function 
National Investigation Agency (NIA)  2009 IPS Kuldeep Singh
  • New Delhi
  • works under Home Ministry.
 countering terrorism
Wildlife Crime Control Bureau (WCCB) 2006 Tilotama Varma
  • New Delhi
  • works under the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.
Deals with organised wildlife crime in India
National Technical Research Organisation (NTRO 2004 Anil Dhasmana
  • New Delhi
  • works under Prime Minister’s Office
 Responsible for geospatial intelligence and satellite imagery and provides technical intelligence to other agencies
Serious Fraud Investigation Office (SFIO) 2003 Keshav Chandra
  • New Delhi
  • works under the Ministry of Corporate Affairs
Conducts multi-disciplinary investigations of major corporate frauds.
Defence Intelligence Agency (DIA) 2002 Lt. Gen. KJS Dhillon
  • New Delhi
  • works under the Ministry of Defense
Provides and coordinates defence and military intelligence to the Indian Armed Forces.
National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB) 1986  IPS Ramphal Pawar
  • New Delhi
  • works under the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA)
Functions as a repository of information on crime and criminals to help assist the investigators in linking crime to the perpetrators.
Narcotics Control Bureau (NCB) 1986 IPS Satya Narayan Pradhan
  • New Delhi
  • works under the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA)
Combats drug trafficking and the use of illegal substances as per the provisions of the NDPS Act.
Research and Analysis Wing (R&AW) 1968  Samant Goel
  • New Delhi
  • works under the Prime minister’s office (PMO)
It gathers information about counter-proliferation, foreign intelligence and counter-terrorism and advises Indian policymakers, and advances India’s foreign strategic interests.
Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs (CBIC) 1944 IRS Vivek Johri 
  • New Delhi
  • works under the Ministry of Finance
Responsible for administering Customs, GST, Central Excise, Service Tax & Narcotics in India.
Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI)


1942 Subodh Kumar Jaiswal
  • New Delhi
  • works under the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions.
Investigate bribery and governmental corruption and also investigate breaches of central laws enforceable by GOI, multi-state organised crime, and multi-agency or international cases.
Intelligence Bureau (IB)


1887 Arvind Kumar
  • New Delhi
  • works under the Ministry of Home Affairs
It is a domestic internal security and counter-intelligence agency of India.
Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT) 2004 Sanjay Bahl
  • New Delhi
  • works under the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology
Deals with cyber security threats like hacking and phishing. It strengthens the security-related defence of the Indian Internet domain.

The intelligence agencies in India work tirelessly behind the scenes to gather and analyze information critical to the nation’s security. From external threats to internal challenges, these agencies contribute significantly to counterterrorism efforts, defense planning, and maintaining law and order. Their dedication and expertise ensure that India stays prepared and informed in an ever-evolving security landscape. By collaborating and sharing intelligence with international partners, these agencies contribute to regional and global security as well.



Q1. When was NIA established?

Ans. NIA was established in 2009.

Q2. What is the function of RAW?

Ans. It gathers information about counter-proliferation, foreign intelligence and counter-terrorism.

Q3. Which is the oldest intelligence agency in India?

Ans.  IB, Intelligence Bureau was founded in 1887 as Central Special Branch by the British Indian government.

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