Udham Singh Jayanti
The birth anniversary of Udham Singh is celebrated on 26 December each year. He is known for avenging the Jallianwalabagh Massacre of 1919. He was born in the Sangrur district of Punjab in 1899.
Singh was a historical figure from the pages of the Indian freedom struggle against British colonial rule.
He was a political activist, associated with the Gadar Party. His father Sardar Tehal Singh Jammu was a farmer and also worked as a railway crossing watchman in Upali village.
Udham Singh Jayanti 2022
Udham Singh lost his parents when he was young. After which he along with his elder brother Mukta Singh, was raised by Central Khalsa Orphanage Putlighar in Amritsar. In the year 1918, Udham Singh passed his Matriculation Examination and left the orphanage in the year 1919.
He killed Punjab’s former lieutenant governor, Michael O’Dwyer to avenge the Jallianwala Bagh massacre. He was hanged to death for the same on 31 July 1940 after he was found guilty of committing murder.
In October 1995, Udham Singh Nagar, a district in Uttarakhand, was named after him by the then Chief Minister of undivided Uttar Pradesh, Mayawati.
Information About Freedom Fighter Udham Singh
- After Jallianwala bagh incident, Udham Singh involved in revolutionary politics and was highly influenced by the indian revolutionary Bhagat Singh.
- Udham Singh joined the Ghadar Party in 1924.
- He was arrested for the possession of unlicensed arms after nearly three years and was sentenced to five years in prison.
- Singh was released from jail in 1931.
- He successfully escaped to Germany despite being constantly monitored by the police, and reached London in 1934.
- Michael O’Dwyer, who was the LG of Punjab during the Jallianwala Bagh incident, was scheduled to give a speech at Caxton Hall in London on 13 March 1940.
- Singh hid a revolver in a book, and entered the hall where he shot O’Dwyer twice.
- Singh was formally charged with the murder on 1 April 1940, and he called himself “Ram Mohammad Singh Azad” in custody.
- The first three names represented the three major religious communities in Punjab – Hindu, Muslim, and Sikh, while the word “Azad” (free) stood for his anti-colonial sentiment. Singh was convicted of murder and sentenced to death. On 31 July 1940, he was hanged at London’s Pentonville prison.
- His remains are still preserved at the Jallianwala Bagh.
Also read – Jallianwala Bagh Massacre
About Jallianwala Bagh Massacre
On April 10, 1919, leaders of the Indian National Congress were arrested under the Rowlatt Act. It led to a widespread protest at Jallianwala Bagh on April 13, 1919. More than 20,000 unarmed people were a part of the protest. At that time, Udham Singh and his friends from the orphanage were serving water to the protestors. Also people assembled at Amritsar’s Jallianwala Bagh to celebrate Baisakhi. General Dyer entered Jallianwala Bagh along with his troops, and blocked the main entrance. He ordered his troops to open fire on the crowd without any warning for around 10 minutes until the ammunition supply was almost exhausted. Hundreds of innocent people lost their lives in the unfortunate incident and over a thousand were injured.
FAQs related to Shaheed Udham Singh Jayanti 2022
Q1. When was the incident of Amritsar’s Jallianwala Bagh took place?
Ans. The incident took place on On 13 April 1919.
Q2. When is birth anniversary of Udham Singh celebrated?
Ans. Birth anniversary of Udham Singh is celebrated on 26 December each year.