Home   »   Static GK   »   Scientific Names of Fruits, Vegetables and...

List of Scientific Names of Fruits, Vegetables and Plants

Scientific Names of Fruits, Vegetables and Plants

Every living organism, whether plants, animals birds or flowers, has got a ‘Scientific Name which is also known as ‘Binomial nomenclature,’ These are usually derived from Latin. Names are made up of two components ie., genus name and specific name or epithet. The main advantage of giving a scientific name to organisms is to avoid ambiguity regarding their identity and to understand the attributes of the organism.

No matter for which government exam you are preparing, there is a high chance of having a General Science section that includes the knowledge of Scietific Names of organisms. So considering that fact, we have prepared these lists exclusively for you. We have chosen the most important names of fruits and Vegetables along with their scientific names which can be asked in your exam. So before going for the exam, don’t forget to go through it once and get that extra mark easily which can help you in your selection.

List of Scientific Names of Fruits, Vegetables and Plants_40.1

Scientific Names of Plants

Scientific Names of Plants
Apple Malus domestica
Bamboo Bamboosa aridinarifolia
Banana Musa paradisiaca
Banyan Ficus benghalensis
Black Gram Plasoes mungo
Black Pepper Piper nigrum
Brinjal Solanum melongena
Capsicum Capsicum frutescens
Carrot Daucas carota
Clove Syzygium aromaticum
Coriander Coriandrum sativum
Cotton Gossypium herbaceum
Cucumber Cucumis sativus
Curry plant Murraya koenigii
Drumstick Moringa oleifera
Garlic Allium sativum
Ginger Zingiber officinale
Green Gram Phaseolies aulicus
Guava Psidium guajava
Henna Lawsonia inermis
Horse Gram Dolichos biffoeus
Jowar Sorghum vulgare
Lemon Citrus limonium
Lettuce Lactuca sativa
Maize Zea mays
Mango Mangifera indica
Mint Mentha arvensis
Money Plant Epipremnum aureum
Neem Azadirachta indica
Onion Allium cepa
Orange Citrus aurantium
Pineapple Ananas comosus
Potato Solanum tuberosum
Radish Raphanus sativus
Red Gram Cajanus cajan
Sandalwood Santalum album
Spinach Spinacia oleracea
Tobacco Nicotina tobaccum
Tomato Solanum lycopersicum
Tulsi Ocimum sanctum
Turmeric Curcuma longa
Watermelon Citrullus vulgaris
Wheat Triticum aestivum

Scientific Names of Fruits

Names of Fruits Scientific Names of Fruits
Apple Pyrus malus
Apricot Prunus armeniaca
Avocado Persea Americana
Banana Musa Paradisicum
Blackberry Rubus fruticosus
Blue Berry Vaccinium cyanococcus
Cantaloupe (Kharbuja) Cucumis melo
Cherry Prunus avium
Dragon fruit Hylocereus undutus
Fig Ficus carica
Gooseberry Ribes uva-crispa
Grapes Vitis vinifera
Guava Psidium guava
Honeydew Cucumis melo
Kiwi fruit Actinidia deliciosa
Lime Citrus latifolia
Lychee (Lichi) Litchi chinensis
Mandarin Orange Citrus reticulata
Mango Mangifera indica
Mulberry Genus: Morus
Nectarine (Peach) Prunus persica
Orange Citrus aurantium
Papaya Carica papaya
Passionfruit Passiflora edulis
Pear Pyrus communis
Sacred fig (Peepal) Ficus religiosa Linn
Persimmon Diospyros kaki
Pineapple Ananus sativus
Plum Prunus domestica
Pomegranate Punica granatum
Prickly pear Opuntia stricta
Raspberry Rubus idaeobatus
Redcurrant Ribes rubrum
Watermelon Citrullus vulgaris
Amla Phyllanthus Emblica

Scientific Names of Vegetables

Names of Vegetables Scientific Names of Vegetables
Asparagus  Asparagus officinalis
Bitter Gourds Momordica Charantia
Broccoli Brassica oleracea italica group
Broccoli rabe Brassica rapus ruvo
group
Cabbage Brassica oleracea var. capitata
Calabash Lagenaria siceraria
Carrot Daucus carota subsp.
sativus
Cassava Manihot esculenta
Cauliflower Brassica oleracea
Chilli Capsicum spp.
Chinese cabbage Brassica rapus chinesesis group
Chives Allium schoenoprasum
Cluster bean Cyamopsis tetragonoloba
Coccinia Coccinia grandis Voigt,   Coccinia cordifolia,
Coccinia indica
Colocasia / Taro Colocasia esculenta
Common bean Phaseolus vulgaris
Coriander Coriandrum sativum
Cow pea Vigna unguiculata
Cucumber Cucumis sativus
Curry plant (Leaves) Murraya koenigii
Drumstick Moringa oleifera
Eggplant,
Brinjal
Solanum melongena
Elephant foot Yam Amorphophallus paeoniifolius
Garlic Allium sativum
Honey dew (Melon) Cucumis melo
Hyacinth bean Lablab purpureus
Jack fruit Artocarpus integra
Leek Allium porrum
Lettuce Lactuca sativa
Lima bean Phaseolus limensis
Luffa Luffa aegyptiaca
Mint (Pudina) Mentha arvensis
Okra,
Lady Finger
Abelmoschus esculentus
Onion Allium cepa
Papaya Carica papaya
Parsley Petroselinum crispum
Pea Pisum sativum
Peanut, Groundnut Arachis hypogaea
Pointed gourd Trichosanthes dioica
Potato Solanum tubersum
Pumpkin Cucurbita maxima
Radish Raphanus sativus
Rutabaga Brassica napus
Snake gourd Trichosanthes cucumerina
Soybean Glycine max
Spinach Spinacia oleracea
Spiny gourd Momordica dioica
Tomato Solanum lycopersicum L.
Turnip Brassica rapus
Watermelon Citrullus lanatus
Wax gourd Benincasa hispida
Welsh onion Allium fistulosum
Wild carrot Daucus carota
Wild yam Dioscorea villosa
Winged bean Psophocarpus Tetragonolobus

 

List of Scientific Names of Fruits, Vegetables and Plants_50.1

Also Check:

List of Scientific Names of Fruits, Vegetables and Plants

Q1. What is the scientific name of Apple?
Ans. Pyrus malus is the scientific name of Apple.

Q2. What is the scientific name of Brinjal?
Ans. Solanum melongena is the scientific name of Brinjal.

Thank You, Your details have been submitted we will get back to you.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published.