Ramsar Sites in India
Recently, India has added 11 new wetlands to the list of Ramsar sites and with that, the total number of Ramsar sites in India has reached to total of 75 Ramsar sites. All these sites cover a total area of 13,26,677 hectares in the country on the year when India marks its 75th year of Independence.
India became one of the signatories of the Ramsar Convention on 1st Feb 1982 which was earlier taken place in Ramsar, Iran, in 1971. A total of 26 sites were added to the list of Ramsar sites from 1982 to 2013, however, 49 new wetlands were added to the list of Ramsar sites in India from 2014 to 2022 and now in 2022, a total of 28 sites have been added to the list of Ramsar sites in India.
Tamil Nadu has a maximum no. of Ramsar sites (14 nos), followed by UP which has 10 nos. of Ramsar sites.
What are Ramsar Sites?
A Ramsar site is a wetland site which has given international importance as per the ‘Ramsar Convention’. or ‘Convention on Wetlands’. It is an international established by UNESCO, a treaty for the conservation and sustainable use of Ramsar sites. It came into force in 1975. The Ramsar convention has been given its name after the city where it took place in 1971, which is Ramsar in Iran. Giving the status of the Ramsar Site helps in the protection and management of wetlands and justified use of their resources.
As per the latest data, There are a total of 171 signatories nation to the convention and India became one of them on February 1, 1982.
The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands defines wetlands as “areas of marsh, fen, peat land or water, whether natural or artificial, permanent or temporary, with water that is static or flowing, fresh, brackish or salt, including areas of marine water the depth of which at low tide does not exceed six meters.”
The mission which has been decided by the Convention is “the conservation and wise use of all wetlands through local and national actions and international cooperation, as a contribution towards achieving sustainable development throughout the world”.
List of 75 Total Ramsar Sites in India
In this article, we will go through the list of a total of 75 Ramsar Sites of India along with the other related information of them. Check the list given below –
|Serial no||Name of the Ramsar Site||State||Area (sq Km)|
|1||Kolleru Lake||Andhra Pradesh||901|
|4||Khijadia Wildlife Sanctuary||Gujarat||5.12|
|5||Nalsarovar Bird Sanctuary||Gujarat||120|
|6||Thol Lake Wildlife Sanctuary||Gujarat||6.99|
|8||Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary||Haryana||4.12|
|9||Sultanpur National Park||Haryana||1.425|
|10||Chandertal Wetland||Himachal Pradesh||0.49|
|11||Pong Dam Lake||Himachal Pradesh||156.62|
|12||Renuka Wetland||Himachal Pradesh||0.2|
|13||Wular Lake||Jammu & Kashmir||189|
|14||Hokera Wetland||Jammu and Kashmir||13.75|
|15||Surinsar-Mansar Lakes||Jammu and Kashmir||3.5|
|16||Tsomoriri Lake||Jammu and Kashmir||120|
|19||Vembanad Kol Wetland||Kerala||1512.5|
|20||Tso Kar Wetland Complex||Ladakh||95.77|
|21||Bhoj Wetlands||Madhya Pradesh||32.01|
|27||Beas Conservation Reserve||Punjab||64.289|
|30||Keshopur-Miani Community Reserve||Punjab||3.439|
|31||Nangal Wildlife Sanctuary||Punjab||1.16|
|33||Keoladeo Ghana NP||Rajasthan||28.73|
|35||Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary||Tamil Nadu||385|
|37||Bakhira Wildlife Sanctuary||Uttar Pradesh||28.94|
|38||Haiderpur Wetland||Uttar Pradesh||69.08|
|39||Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary||Uttar Pradesh||2.246|
|40||Parvati Agra Bird Sanctuary||Uttar Pradesh||7.22|
|41||Saman Bird Sanctuary||Uttar Pradesh||52.63|
|42||Samaspur Bird Sanctuary||Uttar Pradesh||79.94|
|43||Sandi Bird Sanctuary||Uttar Pradesh||30.85|
|44||Sarsai Nawar Jheel||Uttar Pradesh||16.13|
|45||Sur Sarovar||Uttar Pradesh||4.31|
|46||Upper Ganga River (Brijghat to Narora Stretch)||Uttar Pradesh||265.9|
|47||Asan Conservation Reserve||Uttarakhand||4.444|
|48||East Kolkata Wetlands||West Bengal||125|
|49||Sunderbans Wetland||West Bengal||4230|
|50||Karikili Bird Sanctuary||TN||0.58442|
|51||Pallikaranai Marsh Reserve Forest||TN||12.47537|
|55||Sirpur Wetland||Madhya Pradesh||1.61|
|56||Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary||Karnataka||5.177|
|59||Udhayamarthandapuram Bird Sanctuary||Tamil Nadu||0.4377|
|60||Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary||Tamil Nadu||0.4035|
|61||Vellode Bird Sanctuary||Tamil Nadu||0.7719|
|62||Vembannur Wetland Complex||Tamil Nadu||0.1975|
|63||Gulf of Mannar Marine Biosphere Reserve||Tamil Nadu||526.71876|
|64||Koothankulam Bird Sanctuary||Tamil Nadu||0.7204|
|68||Yashwant Sagar||Madhya Pradesh||2.60|
|69||Chitrangudi Bird Sanctuary||Tamil Nadu||0.94|
|70||Suchindram Theroor Wetland Complex||Tamil Nadu||1.12|
|71||Vaduvur Bird Sanctuary||Tamil Nadu||0.96|
|72||Kanjirankulam Bird Sanctuary||Tamil Nadu||65.21|
|74||Hygam Wetland Conservation Reserve||Jammu and Kashmir||8.01|
|75||Shallbugh Wetland Conservation Reserve||Jammu and Kashmir||16.75|
- Dams And Reservoirs
- Scientific Names Of Animals
- National Parks
- United Nation Agencies
- First Ranked States In Minerals
- Sports Cups And Trophies
- Rivers And Their Tributaries
- Mountain Passes
Ramsar Sites in India: FAQs
Que. Which state of India has the maximum number of Ramsar Sites?
Ans. Tamil Nadu has a maximum no. of Ramsar sites. Total 14 Sites.
Que. What is the total number of Ramsar Sites in India (as of August 2022)?
Ans. India has currently 75 Ramsar Sites in India.
Que. Which state has the second most number of Ramsar Sites in India?
Ans. Uttar Pradesh has a total of 10 Ramsar sites.