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National Tree of India, Scientific Name, Family, Higher Classification and More

National Tree of India: The Banyan Tree

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The  Humongous ,stubborn , Banyan Tree was chosen The National Tree of India, owing to its life saving Properties and sanctity it correctly represents the long thriving culture of India and hence it becomes the only choice as a National Tree Of India , Ficus bengalensis or the Banyan tree is the National Tree of India.  Belongs to the fig family, the branches of the Banyan spread over a large area take roots and keep on living and regenerating for thousands of years. The  National Tree of India represents eternal life, because of its ever-expanding branches. The country’s unity is symbolized by the tree’s huge structure and its deep roots.

National Tree of India Overview

Name Banyan
Scientific Name Ficus benghalensis
Adopted 1950
Found in Native to Indian Subcontinent
Habitat Terrestrial
Type Figs
Dimensions 10-25 m in height

Cultural Importance of the National Tree of India 

Being the National Tree of India Banyan Tree is the center of many beliefs and faiths , it is worshipped and venerated by the Indians , Banyan tree is respected and is considered as sacred by the people in India. In the sacred Hindu Book ‘Bhagavad Gita’ Lord Krishna has sung praises on the Banyan tree. People in India grow Banyan tree closer to the Peepal tree.

As Banyan tree is considered as the male plant closely related to the Peepal tree. It symbolize Trimurti with Vishnu as the barl, Shiva as the branches and Brahma as the roots. Indians considered Banyan tree as ‘Kalpa Vriksha‘ the tree that fulfill all your wishes.

The mighty Banyan Tree is considered as immortal and has always been the focal point for the village communities in India. It is probably the biggest and friendliest of all trees. The Banyan tree is the tree of knowledge and tree of life.

Uses and Benefits of The National Tree Of India

  1. The wood of the Banyan tree is used in making door panels, boxes and the other items
  2.  Its bark is used for making paper and ropes. 
  3. The milky latex that comes from its leaves and stems is used in many Ayurvedic medicines.
  4. . Its leaf, bark, seeds and fig are used for the variety of disorders like diarrhea, polyuria, dental, diabetes and urine disorders
  5. its edible leaves are used as the plates
  6.  It is planted for soil conservation.
  7. The wood of the aerial roots is stronger and is used for the tent poles and cart yokes.

The Great Banyan Tree

The historic Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden just outside Kolkata is home to the widest tree in the world – the 250-year-old Great Banyan Tree. This gigantic tree, with a circumference of approximately 330 metres and a spread of more than four acres, is as large as many forests.

There is no official record of when the Great Banyan first came to life but it is estimated to be more than 250 years old. It stands magnificently Tall serving as Pride Of India 

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National Tree of India: FAQs

Q1: What is the Scientific name of National tree of india

Ans: Ficus benghalens is is the Scientific name of National tree of india.

Q2: What is the national tree of india in hindi

Ans: बरगद is the national tree of india in hindi

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