Russia Suspended from UN Human Rights Council: Relevance
- GS 2: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora
Russia Suspended from UN Human Rights Council: Context
- Recently, UN Human Rights Council has adopted a resolution to suspend Russia from the organisation due to its inhuman conduct in Ukraine.
Russia Suspended from UN Human Rights Council: About the resolution
- The U.S.-sponsored resolution in the UN General Assembly was approved by 93 votes against 24, with 58 abstentions that included India.
Russia suspended from UNHRC: Reasons
- President Vladimir Putin had said the main objectives of what he called the “special military operation” were the “demilitarisation and denazification” of Ukraine. However, ground report revealed much more.
- Dead bodies were found in the streets of Bucha, a northern Ukrainian town, from where Russian troops withdrew following the Istanbul talks.
- According to the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, at least 1,611 civilians have been killed and 2,227 injured in Ukraine since the war began.
Situation for Ukraine
- Ukraine had shown fierce resistance, especially in the north, which has changed the course of the conflict.
- With military and financial aid from the West, Ukraine pushed Russia back in the north, but lost territories in the east and the south.
- Moreover, given the power imbalance, it is unlikely that Ukraine can regain the lost territories.
Situation for Russia
- Russia now seems to be bogged down in the battlefield, with international criticism mounting on its war conduct.
- After the Istanbul talks, Russians announced their pull back from the north.
- The war has damaged its economy and its reputation as a great power, while causing unspeakable losses and destruction in Ukraine.
- According to the Ukrainian proposals, President Zelensky has agreed to accept neutrality in return for multilateral security assurances.
- The Ukranian President is also ready for a consultation period of 15 years for Crimea, which Russia annexed in 2014, and discuss the status of the self-declared Donetsk and Luhansk republics in a summit with the Russian counterpart.
Russia Suspended from UN Human Rights Council: Way forward
- The investigation into the civilian killings should go on in parallel and not derail the diplomatic process.
- The most important message from the UN body to Moscow is that it should cease the fire and take the path of diplomacy immediately.
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