On 9 January 2021, UPSC conducted General Studies Paper 1 and Paper 2. Here we are discussing detail analysis of General Studies Paper 2.

The analysis of GS paper 2 shows that an aspirant requires a good knowledge of current affairs.

To score good marks and take a giant leap, it is necessary that an aspirant should be able to interrelate various aspects instead of simply memorising events.

This paper again proves that the exam of Civil Services does not demand a good rote memory but the ability to interrelate the events and analyse several aspects, facts and examples linked to the issue or event.

Note: GS paper 2 shows a thorough understanding of the current events or issues and vast Newspaper analysis of last one year.

Before going into the detailed analysis let us have a look at the major subjects covered in General Studies Paper 2 in mains.

– Governance

– Constitution

– Polity

– Social Justice

– International relations

General Studies II paper just like paper 1 has very few direct questions which are related to one topic.

Instructions given in GS Paper 2 UPSC 2020 are as follows:

– Total Marks: 250 marks, Time duration: 3 hours.

– There are 20 questions printed both in ENGLISH and HINDI.

– All questions are compulsory.

– The number of marks carried by a question/part is printed against it.

– Answers must be written in the medium authorized in the admission certificate which must be stated clearly on the cover of this question-cum-answer (QCA) booklet in the space provided.

– No marks will be given for answers written in the medium other than the authorized one.

– Answers to questions no. 1 to 10 should be in 150 words, whereas answers to questions no. 11 to 20 should be in 250 words.

– Keep the word limit indicated in the questions in mind.

– Any page or portion of the page left blank, must be struck off clearly.

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GS Paper 2 Question Paper: UPSC CSE (Written) 2020

1. “There is a need for simplification of Procedure for disqualification of persons found guilty of corrupt practices under the Representation of Peoples Act”. Comment (Answer in 150 words)

2. “Recent amendments to the Right to Information Act will have profound impact on the autonomy and independence of the Information Commission”. Discuss. (Answer in 150 words)

3. How far do you think cooperation, competition and confrontation have shaped the nature of federation in India? Cite some recent examples to validate your answer. (Answer in 150 words)

4. The judicial system in India and UK seem to be converging as well as diverging in recent times. Highlight the key points of convergence and divergence between the two nations in terms of their judicial practices. (Answer in 150 words).

5. ‘Once a Speaker, Always a speaker’! Do you think this practice should be adopted to impart objectivity to the office of the Speaker of Lok Sabha? What could be its implication for the robust functioning of parliamentary business in India? ( (Answer in 150 words)

6. In order to enhance the prospects of social development, sound and adequate health care policies are needed in the fields of geriatric and maternal health care. Discuss (Answer in 150 words)

7. “Institutional quality is a crucial driver of economic performance”. In this context, suggest reforms in Civil Service for Strengthening Democracy. (Answer in 150 words)

8. “The emergence of Fourth Industrial Revolution (Digital Revolution) has initiated e-Governance as an integral part of the government”. Discuss (Answer in 150 words)

9. Critically examine the role of WHO in providing global health security during the COVID-19 Pandemic (Answer in 150 words)

10. “Indian diaspora has a decisive role to play in the politics and economy of America and European Countries”. Comment with examples. (Answer in 150 words)

11. Indian Constitution exhibits centralising tendencies to maintain unity and integrity of the nation. Elucidate in the perspective of the Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897; The Disaster Management Act, 2005 and recently passed Farm Acts. (Answer in 250 words)

12. Judicial legislation is antithetical to the doctrine of separation of powers as envisaged in the Indian Constitution. In this context justify the filing of large number of public interest petitions praying for issuing guidelines to executive authorities. (Answer in 250 words).

13. The strength and sustenance of local institutions in India has shifted from their formative phase of ‘functions, functionaries and funds’ to the contemporary stage of’ functionality’. Highlight the critical challenges faced by local institutions in terms of their functionality in recent times. (Answer in 250 words)

14. Rajyasabha has been transformed from a ‘useless Stepney tire’ to the most useful supportive organ in past few decades. Highlight the factors as well as areas in which this transformation could be visible. (Answer in 250 words)

15. Which steps are required for constitutionalisation of a commission? Do you think imparting constitutionality to the national commission for woman would ensure greater gender justice and empowerment in India? Give reasons. (Answer in 250 words)

16. “Incidence and intensity of poverty are most important in determining poverty based on income alone”. In this context analyze the latest United Nations Multi Poverty Index report. (Answer in 250 words).

17. “Microfinance as an anti-poverty vaccine is aimed at asset creation and income security of the rural poor in India”. Evaluate the role of Self Help Groups in achieving twin objectives along with empowering women in rural India. (Answer in 250 words)

18. National Electronic Policy 2020 is in conformity with the Sustainable Development Goals-4 (2030). It intended to restructure and re-orient the education system in India. Critically examine the statement. (Answer in 250 words)

19. Quadrilateral Security Dialogue is transforming itself into a trade block from the military alliance, in present times. Discuss (Answer in 250 words)

20. What is the significance of Indo-US deals over Indo-Russian defence deals? Discuss with reference to stability in the Indo-Pacific region (Answer in 250 words).

UPSC CSE Mains 2020 Detailed Syllabus: GS Paper-II (Governance, Polity, Social Justice and International Relations)

A detailed section-wise analysis is provided here for General Studies Paper 2

First, we will discuss the questions asked from various sections.

Subject Questions Marks
Polity & Constitution Q 1 10
Q 2 10
Q 3 10
Q 4 10
Q 5 10
Q 11 15
Q 12 15
Q 13 15
Q 14 15
Q 15 15
Total 10 125

 It has been seen that Questions 2, 3, 5, 11, and 12 are of moderate level and Questions 1, 4, 13, 14, and 15 are of difficult level.

Subject       Questions Marks
Governance        Q 7 10
Q 8 10
Total 2 20

It has been seen that Q 7 and 8 are asked from the Governance section and both the questions asked are of moderate level.

Subject Questions Marks
Social Justice Q 6 10
Q 16 15
Q 17 15
Q 18 15
Total 4 55

It has been seen that Questions 6, 16, 17 and 18 are asked from Social Justice Section and Q. 6, 16 and 18 are of moderate level and Q. 17 is of difficult level.

Subject Questions Marks
International Relations Q 9 10
Q 10 10
Q 19 15
Q 20 15
Total 4 50

It has been seen that Questions 9, 10, 19 and 20 are asked from International Relations and in which Q. 9, 19 and 20 are of moderate level and Q.10 is of difficult level.

UPSC CSE Mains 2020 Detailed Syllabus: GS Paper-I (Indian Heritage & Culture, History & Geography of the World & Society)

Questions asked in the Exam Syllabus wise are as follows:

1.“There is a need for simplification of Procedure for disqualification of persons found guilty of corrupt practices under the Representation of Peoples Act”. Comment (Answer in 150 words)

As per the syllabus, topic asked: Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act. Question is a bit difficult required specific knowledge of RPA Section 123 that deals with corrupt practices. Content is limited on this topic asked in the examination..

2. “Recent amendments to the Right to Information Act will have profound impact on the autonomy and independence of the Information Commission”. Discuss.

As per the syllabus, topic asked: Transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures. Difficulty level says it is moderate and straightforward question from Current Affairs. Moderate and Straightforward Question asked from current affairs section.

3. How far do you think Cooperation, competition and confrontation have shaped the nature of federation in India? Cite Some recent examples to validate your answer.

As per the syllabus, topic asked: Issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure. It is easy and straightforward question.

4. The judicial systems in India and the UK seem to be converging as well as diverging in recent times. Highlight the key points of convergence and divergence between the two nations in terms of their judicial practices. (Answer in 150 words)

As per the syllabus, topic asked: Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries. Question nature is difficult because of its unconventional nature and not much knowledge on UK Judicial system. Therefore, it requires specific knowledge of Judicial Practice in UK.

5. “Once a Speaker, Always a Speaker’! Do you think this practice should be adopted to impart objectivity to the office of the Speaker of Lok Sabha? What could be its implications for the robust functioning of parliamentary business in India?

As per the syllabus, topic asked: Parliament and State legislatures including structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these. Question is of moderate level because office of speaker in Parliament and State legislature has been in news due to controversy over his/her biases in anti – defection decisions.

6. In order to enhance the prospects of social development, sound and adequate health care policies are needed particularly in the fields of geriatric and maternal health care. Discuss. (Answer in 150 words)

As per the syllabus, topic asked: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. Question asked is of moderate level.

7. “Institutional quality is a crucial driver of economic performance”. In this context suggest reforms in Civil Service for strengthening democracy. (Answer in 150 words)

As per the syllabus, topic asked: Role of civil services in a democracy. Question asked is of moderate level and directly from the syllabus.

8.  “The emergence of Fourth Industrial Revolution (Digital Revolution) has initiated e-Governance as an integral part of the government”. Discuss (Answer in 150 words)

As per the syllabus, topic asked: Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential. Question asked is of moderate level as e-governance has been in news in recent times.

9. Critically examine the role of WHO in providing global health security during the COVID-19 Pandemic (Answer in 150 words)

As per the syllabus, topic asked: Important International institutions, agencies and their structure, mandate. Question asked is easy/moderate as due to COVID-19 pandemic response, WHO has been in news.

10. “Indian diaspora has a decisive role to play in the politics and economy of America and European Countries”. Comment with examples. (Answer in 150 words)

As per the syllabus, topic asked: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora. Question asked is of moderate level.

11. Indian Constitution exhibits centralising tendencies to maintain unity and integrity of the nation. Elucidate in the perspective of the Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897; The Disaster Management Act, 2005 and recently passed Farm Acts. (Answer in 250 words)

As per the syllabus, topic asked: Issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure. Question asked is of moderate level and current affairs based.

12. Judicial legislation is antithetical to the doctrine of separation of powers as envisaged in the Indian Constitution. In this context justify the filing of large number of public interest petitions praying for issuing guidelines to executive authorities. (Answer in 250 words)

As per the syllabus, topic asked: Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions. Question asked is analytical and of moderate level.

UPSC CSE Mains 2020: GS Essay Paper Previous Year Question Papers (2010 to 2019)

13.  The strength and sustenance of local institutions in India has shifted from their formative phase of ‘functions , functionaries and funds’ to the contemporary stage of’ functionality’. Highlight the critical challenges faced by local institutions in terms of their functionality in recent times. (Answer in 250 words)

As per the syllabus, topic asked: Devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein. Question asked is of difficult level because of lack of understanding of ‘Functionality’ related challenges.

14. Rajya Sabha has been transformed from a ‘useless stepney tyre’ to the most useful supporting organ in past few decades. Highlight the factors as well as the areas in which this transformation could be visible. (Answer in 250 words)

As per the syllabus, topic asked: Parliament and State legislatures including structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these. Question asked is analytical and of difficult level.

15. Which steps are required for constitutionalisation of a Commission? Do you think imparting constitutionality to the National Commission for Women would ensure greater gender justice and empowerment in India? Give reasons.

As per the syllabus, topic asked: Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies/ Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies/ mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

A question asked is difficult due to the second portion of the question.

16.  “The incidence and intensity of poverty are more important in determining poverty based on income alone”. In this context analyse the latest United Nations Multidimensional Poverty Index Report. (Answer in 250 words).

As per the syllabus, topic asked: Issues relating to poverty and hunger. Question asked is Easy/moderate and based on current affairs.

17. “Micro-Finance as an anti-poverty vaccine, is aimed at asset creation and income security of the rural poor in India”. Evaluate the role of the Self Help Groups in achieving the twin objectives along with empowering women in rural India. (Answer in 250 words)

As per the syllabus, topic asked: Issues relating to poverty and hunger. Question asked is Easy/moderate and straight forward based on SHGs and their role.

18.  National Education Policy, 2020 is in conformity with the Sustainable Development Goal-4 (2030). It intends to restructure and reorient education system in India. Critically examine the statement. (Answer in 250 words)

As per the syllabus, topic asked: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, and Human Resources. Question asked is of Moderate level and based on current affairs.

19. ‘Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (Quad)’ is transforming itself into a trade bloc from a military alliance, in present times — Discuss. (Answer in 250 words)

As per the syllabus, topic asked: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests. Question asked is easy/ moderate and based on current affairs.

20. What is the significance of Indo-US defence deals over Indo-Russian defence deals? Discuss with reference to stability in the Indo-Pacific region. (Answer in 250 words)

As per the syllabus, topic asked: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora. Question asked is of moderate and analytical in nature because both Indo- US and Indo- Russia were in news.

Check more analysis on:

UPSC CSE Mains GS Paper 1 Analysis: Questions Paper, Questions asked in Exam, Nature of Questions, etc.

UPSC CSE Mains Essay Paper Analysis 2020: Comparative Analysis also provided with previous years

 

To clear the UPSC CSE 2021 exam, aspirants must be very strong in their fundamentals along with the current affairs. Adda247 has taken an important step to help all CSE aspirants by providing them daily quizzes on App. Now aspirants will get free quizzes to practice along with analysis of The Hindu, PIB, etc.

1. Consider the following cases and choose the correct answer from the given options.
1. In the Alakh Alok Srivastava case, the Supreme Court of India intervened to ensure the availability of basic amenities such as food and medicines during travel and transit of migrant workers.
2. In the Harsh Mander case, while highlighting the right to health and equity, the petitioners stated before the Supreme Court that migrant workers needed money apart from food and shelter homes in order to return home safely.
3. They argued that under Section 12 of the Disaster Management Act, 2005, stranded workers should be given salaries and relief by the government.
Options:
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 2 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

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2. Consider the following statements regarding Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi.
1. Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi is a central sector scheme under the government of India which provides income support to the farmers and their families.
2. Under the scheme, income support of 10,000/- per year in three equal instalments is provided to small and marginal farmer families having combined landholding/ownership of up to 5 hectares.
3. State Governments and UT administrations will identify the farmer families which are eligible for support as per scheme guidelines.
4. The fund will be directly transferred to the bank accounts of the beneficiaries.
Options:
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 1, 3 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

IAS Prelims Mock-Test 2021 – Set 89, 12 January
3. Which of the Indian states has a history of consulting with worker groups and civil society organisations beginning from the initial stage of policy formulation to its field-level implementation?
(a) Rajasthan
(b) Maharashtra
(c) Madhya Pradesh
(d)Odisha

IAS Prelims Mock-Test 2021 – Set 88, 11 January
4. Abraham Accords were signed between which of the following countries?
1. Israel
2. United Arab Emirates
3. Qatar
4. Saudi Arabia
Choose the correct option:
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 2 and 4 only

IAS Prelims Mock-Test 2021 – Set 87, 9 January
5. Consider the following statements with respect to the Prime Minister’s National Relief Fund (PMNRF).
1. The initial purpose of the fund was to help people displaced due to the partition of India and Pakistan.
2. The resources of the PMNRF are utilized primarily to render immediate relief to families of those killed in natural calamities.
3. PMNRF has not been constituted by the Parliament.
4. Home Minister is the Chairman of PMNRF.
Which of the given statements is/are correct?
(a) 1, 2 and 3 only
(b) 1, 3 and 4 only
(c) 2 and 4 only
(d) 3 and 4 only

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6. Which among the following public sector unit is set to invest Rs.1.22 lakh crore by 2023-24, to achieve 1 billion tons of fuel output?
(a) SAIL
(b) NTPC
(c) Coal India
(d) ONGC

UPSC Prelims 2021 – Indian Polity | Strategy & Goal: Check Details Here
7. Which among the following Union Territories of India have joined in the ‘One Nation One Ration Card’ Scheme?
(a) Puducherry and Andaman & Nicobar
(b) Ladakh and Puducherry
(c) Lakshadweep and Andaman & Nicobar
(d) Ladakh and Lakshadweep

IAS Prelims Mock-Test 2021 – Set 86, 8 January
8. Who among is the first and youngest tribal woman in the world to climb six tallest mountain peaks across six continents?
(a) Shivangi Pathak
(b) Aditi Vaidya
(c) Malavath Poorna
(d) Anuja Vaidya
9. Every year National Youth Day is celebrated on-
(a) December 29
(b) January 12
(c) March 12
(d) February 14

IAS Prelims Mock-Test 2021 – Set 85, 7 January
10. What is Landouria Tonywhitteni that was named after Tony Whitten?
(a) Beetle
(b)Snail
(c) Grasshopper
(d) Snake

IAS Prelims Mock-Test 2021 – Set 84, 5 January
Ans. 1(d), 2(c), 3(a), 4(a), 5(a), 6(c), 7(d), 8(c), 9(b), 10(b)

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 14 January, 2021

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Daily news will speed up the preparation for the Civil Services Examination and it also plays a crucial role to grasp the current affairs topic comprehensively. Here we have covered most of the topics related to various categories including National, International, Sports, Science and Technology, and so on.

 1. Veterans Day

– Indian Armed Forces, celebrating Veteran’s Day on 14 Jan 2021.

– The day was chosen as recognition of the services rendered by the first Commander-in-Chief of Indian Armed Forces, Field Marshal KM Cariappa, OBE who retired on this day in 1953.

– ‘Wreath Laying Ceremonies and Veteran’s Meets’ are being organised in various Military Stations to mark our solidarity towards the Next of Kin (NoK) of our brave hearts and towards our veterans as a mark of respect to their selfless duty and sacrifices towards the Nation.

– Honourable Defense Mantri, Rajnath Singh along with Chief of Defence Staff, General Bipin Rawat will be attending the Veteran’s Meet at Air Force Station, Bengaluru.

–  NoK, Veterans and representatives of various ex-servicemen organisations will be in attendance.

– Celebrations in the National Capital will begin in the morning with the Wreath Laying Ceremony at National War Memorial. Senior military dignitaries selected serving personnel and many veterans will be paying homage at the National War Memorial.

– This event will be followed by a Veteran’s Meet being organised at Raina Auditorium, APS DhaulaKuan which will be attended by all three  Service Chiefs. Admiral Karambir Singh, Chief of Naval Staff will be the Chief Guest for the event.

– Veterans, representatives of ex-servicemen organisations, senior officials of the Ministry of Defence and three Services involved in the welfare of veterans will be in attendance. Entry is restricted and by invitation only due to COVID restrictions.

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2. Light Combat Aircrafts (LCA) ‘Tejas’

– The Cabinet met under the Chairmanship of Prime Minister in New Delhi on 13 January and has approved procurement of 73 LCA Tejas Mk-1A fighter aircraft and 10 LCA Tejas Mk-1 Trainer aircraft at the cost of Rs. 45,696 Crore along with Design and Development of Infrastructure sanctions worth Rs.1,202 Crore.

– Light Combat Aircraft Mk-1A variant is an indigenously designed,  developed and manufactured state-of-the-art modern 4+ generation fighter aircraft.

– This aircraft is equipped with critical operational capabilities of Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) Radar, Beyond Visual Range (BVR) Missile, Electronic Warfare (EW) Suite and Air to Air Refuelling (AAR) would be a potent platform to meet the operational requirements of Indian Air Force, IAF.

– t is the first “Buy (Indian-Indigenously Designed, Developed and Manufactured)” category procurement of combat aircraft with an indigenous content of 50% which will progressively reach 60% by the end of the programme.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 12 January, 2021

3. Republic Day Parade

– School children from four Delhi schools and Folk artists from East Zonal Cultural Centre, Kolkata  will take part in the cultural programme during the Republic Day Parade to be held at Rajpath on January 26, 2021

–  Ministry of Defence and Directorate of Education, Government of NCT of Delhi have selected 401 students and artists – 271 girls and 131 boys – from DTEA Senior Secondary Schools, Delhi; Mount Abu Public School, Rohini, Delhi; Vidya Bharti School, Rohini, Delhi; Government Girls Senior Secondary School, B-2, Yamuna Vihar, Delhi and Eastern Zonal  Cultural Centre, Kolkata.

– AATMA Nirbhar Bharat: Vision for a Self Reliant India is the theme of Mount Abu Public School, Delhi and Vidya Bharti School,  Delhi in which  38 boys and 54 girls will participate.

– 102 students of Government Girls Senior Secondary School, Delhi will present a programme on the theme “ Hum Fit  Toh India Fit” inspired by the Fit India Movement launched by Prime Minister  Narendra Modi on National Sports Day on 29th August 2019.

– 127 children from DTEA Senior Secondary Schools, Delhi will showcase folk dances of Tamil Nadu in their traditional attires.

– 80 folk artists of Eastern Zonal Cultural Centre, Kolkata will present the folk dance Bajasal from  Kalahandi, Odisha.

– The number of participating children and folk artists have been cut down to 400 this year, compared to more than 600 last year, in view of the Covid-19 restrictions.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 11 January, 2021

4. D Prakash Rao

– The Prime Minister, Narendra Modi has expressed grief over the demise of  Shri D Prakash Rao.

– n a tweet, the Prime Minister said, “Saddened by the demise of Shri D Prakash Rao. The outstanding work that has been done will continue motivating people. He rightly saw education as a vital means to empowerment. I recall my meeting with him in Cuttack a few years ago. Condolences to his family and admirers. Om Shanti”.

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5. India at United Nations Security Council (UNSC)

– India, for the eighth time, has entered the United Nations Security Council (UNSC)as a non-permanent member recently. It will stay on the council for two years i.e 2021-22.

– India has served seven times in the UN Security Council.

– During 1950-51, India, as President of UNSC, presided over the adoption of resolutions calling for the cessation of hostilities during the Korean War and for assistance to the Republic of Korea.

– In 1967-68, India co-sponsored Resolution 238 extending the mandate of the UN mission in Cyprus.

– During1972-73, India pushed strongly for admission of Bangladesh into the UN.

– During 1977-78, India was a strong voice for Africa in the UNSC and spoke against apartheid and for Namibia’s independence in 1978.

– During 1984-85, India was a leading voice in UNSC for resolution of conflicts in the Middle East, especially Palestine and Lebanon.

– In 1991-92, participated in the first-ever summit-level meeting of the UNSC and spoke on its role in the maintenance of peace and security.

– In 2011-2012, India was a strong voice for developing world, peacekeeping, counter-terrorism and Africa. The first statement on Syria was during India’s Presidency at the UNSC.

– During the 2011-12 term, India chaired the UNSC 1373 Committee concerning Counter-Terrorism, the 1566 Working Group concerning a threat to international peace and security by terrorist acts, and Security Council 751/1907 Committee concerning Somalia and Eritrea.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 9 January, 2021

6. Five Years of Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana

– Recently, the flagship crop insurance scheme of the Government of India – the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) – has completed five years of its launch.

– PMFBY was launched on 13th January 2016.

The scheme was conceived as a milestone initiative to provide a comprehensive risk solution at the lowest uniform premium across the country for farmers.

– Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) provides a comprehensive insurance cover against the failure of the crop thus helping in stabilising the income of the farmers.

– All food & oilseed crops and annual commercial/horticultural crops for which past yield data is available.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 8 January, 2021

– The prescribed premium is 2% to be paid by farmers for all Kharif crops and 1.5% for all rabi crops. In the case of annual commercial and horticultural crops, the premium is 5%.

– Premium cost over and above the farmer share was equally subsidized by States and GoI. However, GoI shared 90% of the premium subsidy for the North Eastern States to promote the uptake in the region.

– The scheme was compulsory for loanee farmers availing Crop Loan/Kisan Credit Card (KCC) account for notified crops and voluntary for others.

IAS Prelims Mock-Test 2021 – Set 89, 12 January

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The UPSC CSE Mains Essay paper was conducted on 8 January, 2021. As per the views of aspirants regarding Essay paper, it is the toughest paper as most of the questions asked were of philosophical or abstract in nature.

The Essay paper consists of two sections and aspirant has to attempt one out of four topics from each section. Essay carries 125 marks.

It is said that most of the topics in Essay Section A required ethical thinking and some topics asked like ‘life is a long journey’, ‘simplicity is the ultimate sophistication’ required ethical thinking and in Section B topics were abstract in nature. The topics were based on patriarchy, social justice.

According to some aspirants, this year’s essay paper was quite different from that of previous years. As, last year questions from Section A of the Essay paper were tough but Section B questions were based on current topics like ‘media-based’, rise of artificial intelligence, etc.

As per our team Experts, the essay paper as compared to recent years this time is the toughest paper asked in the exam. A good score can be 120+ marks in the essay paper this time.

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UPSC CSE Mains Essay Question Paper 2020

Section A

1. Life is long journey between human being and being humane

2. Mindful manifesto is the catalyst to a tranquil self

3. Ships do not sink because of water around them , ships sink because of water that gets into them

4. Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication

 Section B

1. Culture is what we are, civilization is what we have

2. There can be no social justice without economic prosperity but economic prosperity without social justice is meaningless

3. Patriarchy is the least noticed yet the most significant structure of social inequality

4. Technology as the silent factor in international relations

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As per the Experts analysis of Adda team, questions asked in Section A of Essay paper were philosophical in nature and required ethical thinking. Therefore, to explain and write on these types of topics is itself a challenge as per the paucity of the content with an aspirant. An aspirant should have to mention the original thoughts and should have the ability of critical and analytical thinking. For these types of topics, factual knowledge is not required.

Questions asked in Section B of Essay Paper like 5, 6 and 7 were more focused on society and related topics. Also, question 5 was a bit abstract in nature. To write these types of topics require a deeper knowledge of abstract concepts and ideas. The last question of Section B is a bit easier as it is the combination of international relations with science and technology. The UPSC CSE Exam will be concluded on 17 January, 2021.

A Comparative Analysis of UPSC CSE Mains Essay Paper 2020 with previous years

1. In 2019 asked that Values are not what humanity is, but what humanity ought to be and in 2020 also another essay on humanity asked.

2. Also since 2017 Essay topic on women empowerment has not been asked but in 2020 appearance in relation to patriarchy is seen.

3. In 2019, Artificial intelligence asked in the context of job skill and in 2020, Artificial intelligence and technology asked in the context of international relations.

4. In 2018, 2019, the majority of the papers focused on philosophy, ethics abstract quotation type of titles and in 2020, the same pattern continues. But the main challenge faced by the aspirant is the entire Section A which is based on topics like philosophy, ethics, quotation essays, etc. and an aspirant has to answer one of them.

In Section B in 2020 conventional areas like culture, women, technology, economy-social justice, etc. are asked. So if an aspirant is good or comfortable with two topics but he or she has to answer only 1.

UPSC CSE Mains 2020: GS Essay Paper Previous Year Question Papers (2010 to 2019)

Also Check:

UPSC CSE Mains GS Paper 1 Analysis: Questions Paper, Questions asked in Exam, Nature of Questions, etc.

 

 

The General Studies Paper 1 was conducted by UPSC as part of the Civil Services Main Exam 2020 on 9 January, 2021.

20 questions were asked in the exam in which 10 questions were of 10 marks each and remaining 10 questions were of 15 marks each.

Instructions given in GS Paper 1 UPSC 2020 are as follows:

– Total Marks: 250 marks, Time duration: 3 hours.

– There are 20 questions printed both in ENGLISH and HINDI.

– All questions are compulsory.

– The number of marks carried by a question/part is printed against it.

– Answers must be written in the medium authorized in the admission certificate which must be stated clearly on the cover of this question-cum-answer (QCA) booklet in the space provided.

– No marks will be given for answers written in the medium other than the authorized one.

– Answers to questions no. 1 to 10 should be in 150 words, whereas answers to questions no. 11 to 20 should be in 250 words.

– Keep the word limit indicated in the questions in mind.

– Any page or portion of the page left blank, must be struck off clearly.

UPSC 2021 Online Coaching Classes | Bilingual GS Foundation Batch

GS Paper 1 Question Paper: UPSC CSE (Written) 2020

  1. The rock-cut architecture represents one of the most important sources of our knowledge of early Indian art and history. Discuss. (Answer in 150 words) 10
  2. Pala period is the most significant phase in the history of Buddhism in India. Enumerate. (Answer in 150 words) 10
  3. Evaluate the policies of Lord Curzon and their long term implications on the national movements. (Answer in 150 words) 10
  4. Discuss the geophysical characteristics of Circum- Pacific Zone. (Answer in 150 words) 10
  5. The process of desertification does not have climate boundaries. Justify with examples. (Answer in 150 words) 10
  6. How will the melting of Himalayan glaciers have a far-reaching impact on the water resources of India? (Answer in 150 words) 10
  7. Account for the present location of iron and steel industries away from the source of raw material, by giving examples. (Answer in 150 words) 10
  8. Has caste lost its relevance in understanding the multi-cultural Indian Society? Elaborate your answer with illustrations. (Answer in 150 words) 10
  9. COVID-19 pandemic accelerated class inequalities and poverty in India Comment. (Answer in 150 words) 10
  10. Do you agree that regionalism in India appears to be a consequence of rising cultural assertiveness? Argue. (Answer in 150 words) 10
  11. Indian Philosophy and tradition played a significant role in conceiving and shaping the monuments and their art in India. Discuss. (Answer in 250 words) 15
  12. Persian literary sources of medieval India reflect the spirit of the age. Comment. (Answer in 250 words) 15
  13. Since the decade of the 1920s, the national movement acquired various ideological strands and thereby expanded its social base. Discuss. (Answer in 250 words) 15
  14. The interlinking of rivers can provide viable solutions to the multi-dimensional inter-related problems of droughts, floods and interrupted navigation. Critically examine. (Answer in 250 words) 15
  15. Account for the huge flooding of million cities in India including the smart ones like Hyderabad and Pune. Suggest lasting remedial measures. (Answer in 250 words) 15
  16. India has immense potential of solar energy though there are regional variations in its developments. Elaborate. (Answer in 250 words) 15
  17. Examine the status of forest resources of India and its resultant impact on climate change. (Answer in 250 words) 15
  18. Is diversity and pluralism in India under threat due to globalisation? Justify your answer. (Answer in 250 words) 15
  19. Customs and traditions suppress reason leading to obscurantism. Do you agree? (Answer in 250 words) 15
  20. How have digital initiatives in India contributed to the functioning of the education system in the country? Elaborate your answer. (Answer in 250 words) 15

Have a look at the Analysis of the GS Paper 1 UPSC Mains

First, we will discuss the questions asked from various sections

As seen in the question paper the weightage given to the Art and Culture exam has significantly increased as four questions were asked in the exam worth 50 marks. Also, the weightage of the Modern history section was decreased as only two questions were asked.

If we see the paper difficulty wise then this year’s UPSC GS Paper 1 Mains was moderate given the fact that several questions asked were straight forward and directly related to the syllabus. Maximum weightage in the question paper is of Geography section with eight questions (Q. 4,-7, and 14-17) worth 100 marks. This was followed by the ‘society’ section with six questions (8-10, and 18-20) worth 75 marks.

The weightage given to the ‘Art and Culture’ section has been significantly increased with four questions (1, 2, 11 and 12) worth 50 marks. As discussed above the weightage given to the ‘Modern History’ section has been decreased with two questions (3 and 13) worth 25 marks. Also, from world history or post-independence history of India, there were no questions. That is questions were not asked from world history or post-independence history of India in the GS Paper 1 UPSC Mains.

Now, the nature of the questions asked in the GS Paper 1 UPSC Mains

If we talk about the Geography section then questions asked were conventional and straight forward in nature with some repeated questions from the previous year’s theme like interlinking of rivers or flooding of cities. Most of the questions required contemporary examples.

In the Society section, the nature of questions asked was from moderate to difficult which required a deeper understanding of Indian society and its prevailing issues like questions asked were of COVID-19 and caste system. Questions were also like an opinion based and open-ended that tested the critical thinking of the aspirant as well.

Now, the Art and Culture Section, the nature of the questions asked were difficult due to factual and analytical.

In Modern History Section, the nature of questions asked was straight forward which could easily be answered by the aspirant and were of conventional sources.

Therefore, we can say that 100+ would be the good score as the paper was of moderate difficulty and was also not lengthy.

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Questions asked in the Exam Syllabus wise are as follows:

1. The rock-cut architecture represents one of the most important sources of our knowledge of early Indian art and history. Discuss. (Answer in 150 words) 10

As per syllabus topic asked: Indian Art and Culture will cover Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times. So, straight forward question but to write content specific may be difficult.

2. Pala period is the most significant phase in the history of Buddhism in India. Enumerate. (Answer in 150 words) 10

As per syllabus topic asked: Indian Art and Culture Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times

3. Evaluate the policies of Lord Curzon and their long term implications on the national movements. (Answer in 150 words, 10 marks)

As per syllabus topic asked: Modern History middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues. Can be answered from conventional sources.

4. Discuss the geophysical characteristics of the Circum-Pacific Zone. (Answer in 150 words, 10 marks)

As per syllabus topic asked: Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, tsunami, volcanic activity, cyclone.

Straightforward and factual question. Can be explained via a diagram.

5. The process of desertification does not have climate boundaries. Justify with examples. (Answer in 150 words, 10 marks)

As per syllabus topic asked: Geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps).

The question required conceptual understanding of desertification and some factual knowledge as well.

6. How will the melting of Himalayan glaciers have a far-reaching impact on the water resources of India? (Answer in 150 words, 10 marks)

As per the syllabus, topic asked: Geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features including water-bodies and ice-caps.

7. Account for the present location of iron and steel industries away from the source of raw material by giving examples. (Answer in 150 words, 10 marks)

As per the syllabus, topic asked: Factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).

It can be easily answered from the NCERT of Geography.

8. Has caste lost its relevance in understanding the multi-cultural Indian Society? Elaborate your answer with illustrations. (Answer in 150 words, 10 marks)

As per the syllabus, topic asked: Salient features of Indian society

9. COVID-19 pandemic accelerated class inequalities and poverty in India. Comment. (Answer in 150 words) 10

As per the syllabus, topic asked: Poverty and developmental issue

Question-based on current affairs so nature is moderate.

10. Do you agree that regionalism in India appears to be a consequence of rising cultural assertiveness? Argue. (Answer in 150 words, 10 marks)

As per the syllabus, topic asked: Regionalism

Question asked was moderate and straightforward.

11. Indian Philosophy and tradition played a significant role in conceiving and shaping the monuments and their art in India. Discuss. (Answer in 250 words, 15 marks)

As per the syllabus, topic asked: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times

Nature of the question is difficult and need deeper and analytical thinking to answer

12. Persian literary sources of medieval India reflect the spirit of the age. Comment. (Answer in 250 words) 15

As per the syllabus, topic asked: Indian Art and Culture will cover Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

Question is difficult as knowledge regarding Persian literature is required.

13. Since the decade of the 1920s, the national movement acquired various ideological strands and thereby expanded its social base. Discuss. (Answer in 250 words, 15 marks).

As per the syllabus, topic asked: The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

14. The interlinking of revivers can provide viable solutions to the multi-dimensional inter-related problems of droughts, floods and interrupted navigation. Critically examine. (Answer in 250 words, 15 marks)

As per the syllabus, topic asked: Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent)

15. Account for the huge flooding of million cities in India including the smart ones like Hyderabad and Pune. Suggest lasting remedial measures. (Answer in 250 words, 15 marks)

As per the syllabus, topic asked: Urbanization, their problems and their remedies

16. India has immense potential of solar energy though there are regional variations in its developments. Elaborate. (Answer in 250 words, 15 marks)

As per the syllabus, topic asked: Distribution of key natural resources across the world including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent.

17. Examine the status of forest resources of India and its resultant impact on climate change. (Answer in 250 words, 15 marks)

As per the syllabus, topic asked: Distribution of key natural resources across the world including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent.

18. Is diversity and pluralism in India under threat due to globalisation? Justify your answer. (Answer in 250 words, 15 marks)

As per the syllabus, topic asked: Effects of globalization on Indian society

19. Customs and traditions suppress reason leading to obscurantism. Do you agree? (Answer in 250 words) 15

As per the syllabus, topic asked: Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India

Nature of question is difficult as it is opinion-based.

20. How have digital initiatives in India contributed to the functioning of the education system in the country? Elaborate your answer. (Answer in 250 words, 15 marks)

As per the syllabus, topic asked: Social empowerment

The nature of the question is easy or moderate and straightforward in which several examples can be given for better explanation.

In the end, we can say that an aspirant requires smartness to tackle the society section and a good command over concepts and important topics of History and Geography due to which an aspirant can gain better marks through this paper.

UPSC CSE Mains 2020 Detailed Syllabus: GS Paper-I (Indian Heritage & Culture, History & Geography of the World & Society)

To clear the UPSC CSE 2021 exam, aspirants must be very strong in their fundamentals along with the current affairs. Adda247 has taken an important step to help all CSE aspirants by providing them daily quizzes on App. Now aspirants will get free quizzes to practice along with analysis of The Hindu, PIB, etc.

1. Consider the following statements about the K-shaped recovery.
1. A K-shaped recovery happens when different sections of an economy recover at starkly different rates.
2. Households at the top of the pyramid are likely to have seen their in- comes largely protected, and savings rates forced up during the lockdown, increasing ‘fuel in the tank’ to drive future consumption.
Choose the correct option(s):
(a) Only 1
(b) Only 2
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

UPSC 2021 Online Coaching Classes | Bilingual GS Foundation Batch
2. Which of the following statements is/are incorrect regarding the Viability Gap Funding?
(a)The government has expanded the provision of financial support by Viability Gap Funding (VGF) for Public-Private Partnerships (PPP) in infrastructure projects.
(b) The scheme was introduced in 2006 and will be continued till 2021-22.
(c)This will include critical sectors such as health, education, water and waste management.
(d) In identified sectors, the centre would chip in with 30% of the cost of the project, the state can also chip in with another 30%.

IAS Prelims Mock-Test 2021 – Set 88, 11 January
3. Consider the following statements.
1. The Finance Ministry has notified e-invoicing for all companies with turnover ₹ 100 Cr from 1st January.
2. E-invoicing is already in implementation from 1st October but for firms with turnover ₹ 500 Cr.
3. E-invoicing essentially involves reporting the details of the specified GST documents to a government-notified portal and obtaining a reference number.
Choose the correct option(s):
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1 2 and 3
4. Consider the following statements and choose the correct option(s).
1. As per the RBI Bulletin, Indian economy rebounded from a sharp contraction in the first quarter to register a growth rate of a negative 8.6% in the second quarter.
2. India has entered into recession for the first time in its history with two successive quarters showing negative growth.
Options:
(a) Only 1
(b) Only 2
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

IAS Prelims Mock-Test 2021 – Set 87, 9 January
5. Consider the following statements regarding the Atal Tinkering Lab and choose the correct option(s).
1. The Indian Space Research Organization recently announced that it is to adopt 100 Atal Tinkering Labs across the country.
2. By adopting hundred Atal Tinkering Labs, ISRO is to facilitate mentoring and coaching of students in cutting edge technologies.
Options:
(a) Only 1
(b) Only 2
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

IAS Prelims Mock-Test 2021 – Set 86, 8 January
6. Who among the following Developed Khadi Prakritik Paint?
(a) Khadi and Village Industries Commission
(b) Ministry of textile
(c) Both a and b
(d) None of these

IAS Prelims Mock-Test 2021 – Set 85, 7 January
7. Which of the following statements is/are correct and choose from the given options?
1. The Geological Survey of India has found promising concentrations of Vanadium in the Tamang and Depo areas of Arunachal Pradesh.
2. According to the Geological Survey of India, the Vanadium mineralisation is geologically similar to the “Stone Coal” Vanadium deposits of China.
(a) Only 1
(b) Both 1 and 2
(c) Only 2
(d) None of these

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8. In which of the following states the ‘Jal- Jiwan- Hariyali mission’ is a flagship climate change initiated?
(a) Bihar
(b) Jharkhand
(c) Chhattisgarh
(d) Madhya Pradesh
9. The ‘APNA UREA – Sona Ugle’ brand of Hindustan Urvarak and Rasayan Limited (HURL) was launched by which Union Minister?
(a) Amit Shah
(b) D.V. Sadananda Gowda
(c) Subrahmanyam Jaishankar
(d) Nirmala Sitharaman

IAS Prelims Mock-Test 2021 – Set 84, 5 January
10. Which cricketer won the ‘Sir Garfield Sobers Trophy’ for ‘Player of the Year’, presented by the International Cricket Council (ICC)?
(a) Virat Kohli
(b) Pat Cummins
(c)Kane Williamson
(d) Ben Stokes
Ans. 1(c), 2(b), 3(d), 4(c), 5(c), 6(a), 7(b), 8(a), 9(b), 10(d)

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 12 January, 2021

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Daily news will speed up the preparation for the Civil Services Examination and it also plays a crucial role to grasp the current affairs topic comprehensively. Here we have covered most of the topics related to various categories including National, International, Sports, Science and Technology, and so on.

 1. Single Window Clearance System Web Portal

– Union Home Minister Shri Amit Shah inaugurated ‘Single Window Clearance System Web Portal’ in Coal Mining sector; also handed over the Charter of letters to the successful bidders in the country’s first Commercial Coal Mining Auction.

– Coal Sector has crossed an important milestone towards fulfilling the dream of Aatmanirbhar Bharat under the leadership of Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

– Coal Sector would play a very important role in achieving the target of a five trillion dollar economy by 2022.

– Commercial coal mining auctions will now facilitate Small and Medium Industries to receive coal supplies easily.

– In 2014, Government under the leadership of Prime Minister Narendra Modi made many changes and today with full transparency in the Coal Sector, equal opportunities are available for all.

– 19 successful bidders allotted mines under the country’s first Commercial Coal Mining Auction; this will provide an estimated revenue of about Rs 6,500 crore to States every year and also create more than 70,000 jobs.

– Commercial Coal Mining Auction process will open the way for development in Central and Eastern tribal areas of the country.

– Rs. 46,000 crore District Mineral Development Fund created for people living near mines; has led to the development of tribal, Dalit, backward and poor people living in these areas.

– Government made several policy changes, taking important decisions in many sectors including Agriculture, Education, Space, Economy and Fertilizers; this scheme launched is also a part of this policy.

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2. First direct flight between Kalaburagi to Tirupati flagged off under UDAN

– Taking another step in boosting the regional aerial connectivity in India, Star Air commenced the direct daily flight operations from Kalaburagi, Karnataka to Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh under the RCS-UDAN (Regional Connectivity Scheme – Ude Desh Ka Aam Nagrik) of Government of India.

– Attesting the dual objectives of the UDAN scheme; making air travel affordable for the people & simultaneously enhance its coverage in the country, 305 UDAN routes & 53 airports including 5 heliports and 2 Water Aerodromes have been operationalized till date.

– Inaugurated under the UDAN scheme, Kalaburagi airport recently completed a successful 1 year of service. The airport has become the fastest growing airport in the country.

– More than 1000 flights have ferried more than 43,000 people from the airport. To celebrate the hard work, commitment, and perseverance of the involved professionals, the officials of the Ministry of Civil Aviation (MoCA) and Airport Authority of India (AAI) were present at the route launch.

–  Tirupati city, also called as the ‘Spiritual Capital of Andra Pradesh’, is home to the most famous and auspicious Sri Venkateshwara Swamy Temple popularly called ‘Tirupati Balaji Temple’ which has its name in the most-visited shrine across the globe.

– The temple attracts 50,000 to 100,000 devotees every day. Apart from the Tirupati Balaji temple, the place is also famous for other historical temples, Sri Venkateshwara National Park, Deer Park, Tirupati, & Talakona Waterfalls, Tirupati.

– The century-old temples in Tirupati are one of the first choices of the pilgrims of the country. Moreover, the Tirumala Hills in Tirupati is the second oldest rock mountain hills in the world.

– Due to the unavailability of any direct transportation mode between these two cities, people had to travel either by road or had to opt for a rail journey combined with a road trip, which took more than 12 hours by road & more than 20 hours by train & bus to cover the entire journey of 630 km.

– Now, people can opt for a direct flight and cover this long-distance journey in just 70 mins.

– The airline, Star Air was awarded the Kalaburagi – Tirupati route under the RCS-UDAN-3 bidding process last year.

– The airline will be operating three weekly flights on the route and will deploy its 50-seater Embraer-145 luxury aircraft. With the flag-off, there are now 24 routes under the ambit of RCS-UDAN for Star Air.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 11 January, 2021

3. Professor Shashikumar Chitre

The Prime Minister, Narendra Modi has expressed grief over the demise of Professor Shashikumar Chitre.

– In a tweet, the Prime Minister said, “Saddened to hear of the demise of Professor Shashikumar Chitre. He will be remembered for his work in astrophysics and subjects like solar physics, gravitational lensing and science education. His valuable work will continue inspiring students in the times to come. Om Shanti.”

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 9 January, 2021

4. ‘National Energy Conservation awards 2020’

– Relentless and continuous efforts to provide clean and green transportation to all its stakeholders and commuters has resulted in Indian Railway bagging 13 awards in three prestigious categories of National Energy Conservation Awards (NECA) for the year 2020, organized by the Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE), Ministry of Power.

– Western Railway has been awarded the First Prize, Eastern Railway has been awarded the Second prize, North Eastern Railway & South Central Railway has been awarded Certificate of Merit in the Transport Category.

– In Building Category, Divisional Railway Manager’s offices at Bhavnagar and Rajkot have won the first and second prize respectively.

– Electrical Department, DRM Office, North Eastern Railway has been awarded Certificate of Merit.

– In Railway workshops subcategory, Diesel Loco Shed, South Central Railway, Vijayawada has bagged the First prize, Kanchrapara Workshop, Eastern Railway, North 24 Parganas has won the second prize.

– The certificate of Merit has been awarded to Mechanical Workshop, North Eastern Railway, Izzatnagar, Central Railway Workshop, Mysore, Mechanical Workshop, Dibrugarh, North East Frontier Railway and Central Workshop, Ponmalai, Southern Railway, Tiruchchirappalli.

– These awards have been given to Indian Railways’ zones and workshops for significant improvements in energy conservation by adopting various measures to promote energy efficiency.

– Indian Railways is committed to improving performance towards energy efficiency and clean environment in the coming years.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 8 January, 2021

5. Management Effectiveness Evaluation (MEE)

– Minister for Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Prakash Javadekar released Management Effectiveness Evaluation (MEE) of 146 National Park and Wildlife Sanctuaries in the Country.

– At present, India has a network of 903 Protected Areas in the country covering about 5% of the total geographic area of the country.

– In order to assess the efficacy of Protected Areas, evaluation of management effectiveness is required.

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– According to Prakash Javadekar, what other countries could not achieve, India has achieved and today has thriving biodiversity. “70% of the global tiger population, 70% of Asiatic lions and more than 60% of leopards population in India is a certificate of India’s thriving biodiversity, as these big cats sit at the top of the food chain and their growing numbers show the well being of the whole ecosystem.”

– He also announced that from this year onwards 10 best National Parks, 5 coastal and Marine parks and top five Zoos in the country will be ranked and awarded every year.

– Management Effectiveness Evaluation (MEE) of Protected Areas (PAs) has emerged as a key tool for PA managers and is increasingly being used by governments and international bodies to understand the strengths and weaknesses of the protected area management systems.

– The results of the present assessment are encouraging with an overall mean MEE score of 62.01% which is higher than the global mean of 56%.

– With this round of evaluation, the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change(MoEFCC) successfully completed one full cycle of evaluating all terrestrial National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries of the country from 2006 to 2019.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 7 January, 2021

– MEE is a very important document that provides valuable guidance on various aspects of wildlife and protected area expand MEE of Marine Protected Areas.

– A new framework for MEE of Marine Protected Areas has been also jointly prepared by WII and MoEF&CC and it will be very useful document to implement.

– The Environment Minister also launched the Management Effectiveness Evaluation of Indian Zoos (MEE-ZOO) framework which proposes guidelines, criteria and indicators for the evaluation of zoos of the country through Management Effectiveness Evaluation Process (MEE-ZOO) in a manner which is discrete, holistic and independent.

– The assessment criteria and indicators look beyond the traditional concepts, include issues of animal welfare, husbandry and sustainability of resources and finance.

IAS Prelims Mock-Test 2021 – Set 88, 11 January

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To clear the UPSC CSE 2021 exam, aspirants must be very strong in their fundamentals along with the current affairs. Adda247 has taken an important step to help all CSE aspirants by providing them daily quizzes on App. Now aspirants will get free quizzes to practice along with analysis of The Hindu, PIB, etc.

1. Which of the following pairs regarding martial arts is/are correctly matched?
1. Silambam: Karnataka
2. Kalariyapattu: Kerala
3. Sarit Sarak: Mizoram
4. Gatka: Punjab
Options:
(a) 1 and 3 only
(b) 2 and 4 only
(c) 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

UPSC 2021 Online Coaching Classes | Bilingual GS Foundation Batch
2. India co-sponsored a Security Council resolution tabled by which country, that seeks women’s participation in peacekeeping missions?
(a) Bangladesh
(b) Sri Lanka
(c) Indonesia
(d) Afghanistan
3. Consider the following statements regarding the Fifth BRICS Media Forum.
1. The Fifth BRICS Media Forum was held virtually recently.
2. China’s Xinhua news agency came up with the idea of a BRICS Media Forum in 2015 to promote media cooperation.
3. Its aim to establish an efficient coordination mechanism among BRICS media.
4. It gathers stronger momentum for the development of BRICS countries through exchange and pragmatic cooperation under the mechanism.
Options:
(a) 1 and 3 only
(b) 2 and 4 only
(c) 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

IAS Prelims Mock-Test 2021 – Set 87, 9 January
4. Consider the following statements.
1. Five women have moved the Supreme Court against the compulsory practice of sacramental confession in certain Churches in Kerala.
2. Petitioner that is members of the Church had alleged that the practice was leading to several problems including sexual exploitation of women and blackmailing of both men and women followers.
Choose the correct option:
(a) Only 1
(b) Only 2
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

IAS Prelims Mock-Test 2021 – Set 86, 8 January
5. Consider the following statements about bird flu and choose the correct answer.
1. New Bird flu cases have been confirmed in Gujarat recently, in addition to Kerala, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Haryana where the disease has already been confirmed.
2. Bird flu or avian influenza is the name used to describe a viral infection that is reported mostly in birds, but has the potential to affect humans and other animals.
Option:
(a) Only 1
(b) Only 2
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

IAS Prelims Mock-Test 2021 – Set 85, 7 January
6. Consider the following statements about the NCAVES Project and choose the correct answer.
1. The Natural Capital Accounting and Valuation of Ecosystem Services (NCAVES) project.
2. It seeks to advance the theory and practice of environmental and ecosystem accounting in Brazil, China, India, Mexico and South Africa.
3. The project has been jointly implemented by the United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the Secretariat of the Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD).
4. The project will have a duration until the end of 2022.
(a) 1 and 3 only
(b) 2 and 4 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

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7. Which of the following countries has held its third multilateral dialogue with countries from South Asia to take forward closer cooperation on fighting COVID-19?
(a) China
(b) India
(c) Italy
(d)Iran

IAS Prelims Mock-Test 2021 – Set 84, 5 January
8. Consider the following statements about the bird fl Institutions of Eminence (IoEs) and choose the correct answer.
1. Institutions of Eminence scheme have been launched in order to implement the commitment of the Government to empower the Higher Educational Institutions and to help them become world-class teaching and research institutions.
2. The University Grants Commission (UGC) has amended its regulations, allowing Institutions of Eminence (IoEs) to set up campuses abroad after receiving no-objection certificates from the Ministry of External Affairs and Ministry of Home Affairs.
Option:
(a) Only 1
(b) Only 2
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
9. Recently Pangti village was in news for:
(a) The only known habitat of Apatani tribes.
(b) Conservation of Amur Falcon
(c) The Arogyapacha plant was discovered.

(d) Breakout of Avian influenza.

IAS Prelims Mock-Test 2021 – Set 83, 4 January
10. Ex EKUVERIN is a bilateral exercise of India with which of the following countries.
(a)Singapore
(b) Oman
(c)Myanmar
(d)Maldives
Ans. 1(b), 2(c), 3(d), 4(c), 5(c), 6(c), 7(a), 8(c), 9(b), 10(d)

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 11 January, 2021

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Daily news will speed up the preparation for the Civil Services Examination and it also plays a crucial role to grasp the current affairs topic comprehensively. Here we have covered most of the topics related to various categories including National, International, Sports, Science and Technology, and so on.

 1. 51st International Film Festival of India

The 51st Edition of Asia’s oldest and India’s biggest festival, The International Film Festival of India (IFFI) which is to be held in Goa from 16th January to 24th January 2021, has announced a line-up of programmes that will be showcased on the OTT platform during the festival.

– Taking into account the ongoing Pandemic, International Film Festival of India is holding its first-ever ‘hybrid’ Film festival. This year IFFI will organize a few of its events on the OTT platform for its audience.

– The Country in Focus for the 51st IFFI is Bangladesh.

– The Country in Focus is a special segment that recognizes the cinematic excellence and contributions of the country. This section at the 51st IFFI will showcase four films namely,

  1. Jibondhuli by TanvirMokammel
  2. Meghmallar by Zahidur Rahim Anjan
  3. Under Construction by Rubaiyat Hossain
  4. Sincerely Yours, Dhaka

About IFFI:

– The International Film Festival of India (IFFI), founded in 1952, is one of the most significant film festivals in Asia.

– Held annually, currently, in the state of Goa, the festival aims at providing a common platform for the cinemas of the world to project the excellence of the film art; contributing to the understanding and appreciation of film cultures of different nations in the context of their social and cultural ethos, and promoting friendship and cooperation among people of the world.

– The festival is conducted jointly by the Directorate of Film Festivals (under Ministry of Information and Broadcasting) and the state Government of Goa.

UPSC 2021 Online Coaching Classes | Bilingual GS Foundation Batch

2. COVID-19 Vaccine Rollout

The Centre has been proactively carrying activities towards preparing for the nationwide roll-out of COVID-19 vaccine in close collaboration with States/UTs and all stakeholders.

– The Union Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (MoHFW) today held a VC with administrators from States and UTs on the CoWIN software which forms the backbone of the last-mile vaccine administration.

– The meeting was chaired by Shri Ram Sewak Sharma, Chairman of Empowered Group on Technology and Data Management to combat COVID-19 and member, National Expert Group on Vaccine Administration of COVID-19.

– The meeting was attended by the State Principal Secretaries, NHM Mission Directors, and State Immunisation officers and senior officers of the Health Ministry.

– During the meeting the feedback of the States/UTs on the Co-WIN software and its operational use, emanating from the dry runs, was discussed in detail.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 9 January, 2021

3. MoRTH notifies rules for facilitating the renewal of an International driving licence while travelling abroad

– The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has issued a  notification on 7th Jan 2021  to facilitate the issuance of International Driving Permit (IDP) for Indian citizens whose IDP has expired while they are abroad.

– There was no mechanism for its renewal while citizens were abroad and their IDP had expired.

– Now, with this amendment, it is proposed that Indian citizens can apply for renewal through the Indian Embassies / Missions abroad, from where these applications would move to the VAHAN portal in India, to be considered by the respective RTOs. IDP would be couriered to the citizen at his/her address abroad by the respective RTOs.

– This notification also removes the conditions of a Medical Certificate and a valid visa at the time of making the request for the IDP in India.

– The idea is that a  citizen who has a valid driving licence should not have a requirement for another medical certificate.

– Further, there are countries where the Visa is issued on arrival or Visa is issued at the last moment: in such cases,  VISA is not available when applying for the IDP in India before travel. Hence,   IDP application can be made without VISA now.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 8 January, 2021

4. India-Mongolia Relations

– Recently, India and Mongolia have reviewed bilateral cooperation in hydrocarbons and steel sectors.

– India reiterated its commitment to timely completion of the Mongol Refinery Project, the country’s 1st oil refinery.

– The greenfield Mongol Refinery Project is being built under a Line of Credit from the Government of India. It is expected to cut some of Mongolia’s fuel import dependence.

– The Project came in the backdrop of Mongolia, which has large uranium deposits signing an agreement for civil nuclear cooperation with India in 2009 and China unfolding its Belt and Road Initiative (BRI).

– India is opposed to the BRI, which seeks to invest about USD 8 trillion in infrastructure projects across Asia, Europe and Africa, as it says the initiative lures countries into debt traps and does not respect sovereignty or address environmental concerns.

– India welcomed the keenness of Mongolian companies in supplying coking coal to the Indian steel industry. According to a recent report, India will overtake China as the largest importer of coking coal by 2025.

– India expressed its willingness to further share its expertise in the oil and gas sector including capacity building in accordance with the developmental priorities of Mongolia.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 7 January, 2021

5. Bird Flu in the several States of India

New Bird flu (avian influenza) cases have been confirmed in Gujarat recently, in addition to Kerala, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Haryana where the disease has already been confirmed.

– Several states, which have been reporting deaths of birds, including crows and migratory species, are scrambling to have samples tested for the virus.

– Bird flu or avian influenza is the name used to describe a viral infection that is reported mostly in birds, but has the potential to affect humans and other animals.

– More than a dozen types of bird flu have been identified, including the two strains that have most recently infected humans namely H5N1 and H7N9. When bird flu does strike humans, it can be deadly.

– Outbreaks of bird flu have occurred in Asia, Africa, North America and parts of Europe. The virus was first reported in geese in China in 1996.

– Bird flu occurs naturally in wild waterfowl and can spread into domestic poultry, such as chickens, turkeys, ducks and geese.

– The H5N1 virus can jump species and infect humans from the infected bird.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 5 January, 2021

6. NCAVES India Forum 2021

– Natural Capital Accounting and Valuation of the Ecosystem Services (NCAVES) India Forum-2021 is being organised by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI).

– India is one of the five countries taking part in this project – the other countries being Brazil, China, South Africa and Mexico.

About the NCAVES Project

– The Natural Capital Accounting and Valuation of Ecosystem Services (NCAVES) project seeks to advance the theory and practice of environmental and ecosystem accounting in Brazil, China, India, Mexico and South Africa.

– The project has been jointly implemented by the United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the Secretariat of the Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD).

– It aims to assist the five participating partner countries, to advance the knowledge agenda on environmental-economic accounting, in particular ecosystem accounting.

– The project will have a duration until the end of 2021.

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7. Demand For Autonomy in Assam

There has been a demand for implementation of Article 244A for the creation of an autonomous state within Assam.

– The appeal to the Centre has been for the creation of an autonomous State for the Karbi Anglong region. This has been a demand since 1986.

– The districts are currently governed by two autonomous councils Karbi Anglong and North Cachar hills.

  1. China holds third South Asia multilateral meet

– China has held its third multilateral dialogue with countries from South Asia to take forward closer cooperation on fighting COVID-19.

– It also strives to coordinate their economic agendas, reflecting a new approach in Beijing’s outreach to the region.

– The third dialogue, held virtually on January 6, brought together every country in the region barring India, Bhutan and the Maldives. It was aimed at “anti-epidemic cooperation and poverty reduction cooperation”.

About South Asia multilateral meet

– All three dialogues have been attended by Pakistan and Nepal, which are emerging as two lynchpins in China’s regional strategy.

– The 1stt such meeting was convened by China in July, and was attended by Pakistan, Nepal and Afghanistan.

– The 2nd meet was held in November by a five-member grouping attended by China, Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh.

– The 3rd and recent January 6 meeting was attended by all five countries that have taken part in these dialogues namely Pakistan, Nepal, Afghanistan, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh.

IAS Prelims Mock-Test 2021 – Set 87, 9 January

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1. What is the theme of 16th Pravasi Bharatiya Divas Convention 2021?
(a) Contributing to Aatmanirbhar Bharat
(b) Role of Indian Diaspora in building New India
(c) Redefined Engagement With Indian Diaspora
(d) Apna Bharat Apna Gaurav

UPSC 2021 Online Coaching Classes | Bilingual GS Foundation Batch
2. Consider the following statements regarding the New Industrial Development Scheme for Jammu & Kashmir.
1. It is a Central Sector Scheme and is the first time in any Industrial Incentive Scheme of the Government of India..
2. The main purpose of the scheme is to generate employment which directly leads to the socio-economic development of the region.
Which of the following statement(s) given above is/are correct?
(a) Only 1
(b) Only 2
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

IAS Prelims Mock-Test 2021 – Set 86, 8 January
3. Consider the following statements regarding the Bengal revolutionary organisations in the 1920s.
1. That time the most active and famous revolutionary organisation was the Chittagong Revolt group under Surya Sen.
2. Anushilan group joined the forces with Subhash Chandra Bose.
Which of the following statement(s) given above is/are correct?
(a) Only 1
(b) Only 2
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

IAS Prelims Mock-Test 2021 – Set 85, 7 January
4. Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct about Basavanna?
1. Basavanna was a 13th-century philosopher, statesman, Kannada poet and a social reformer during the reign of the Kalachuri-dynasty king Bijjala I in Karnataka.
2. Basavanna spread social awareness through his poetry, popularly known as Vachanaas.
3. He introduced new public institutions such as the Anubhava Mantapa (or, the “hall of spiritual experience”)
Choose the correct Answer
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1 and 3
(d) 1, 2 and 3
5. Consider the following statements regarding types of Immunity.
1. Innate Immunity is a non-specific type of defense that is present at the time of birth.
2. Acquired Immunity is pathogen-specific and is characterized by memory.
Which of the following statement(s) given above is/are correct?
(a) Only 1
(b) Only 2
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

IAS Prelims Mock-Test 2021 – Set 84, 5 January
6. Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct about the World Food Price Index 2020?
1. It was introduced in 1996 as a public good to help in monitoring developments in the global agricultural commodity markets.
2. It measures changes for a basket of cereals, oilseeds, dairy products, meat and sugar.
3. The Food and Agriculture Organization’s (FAO) food price index averaged 107.5 points in December 2020.
Choose the correct answer
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1 and 3
(d) 1, 2 and 3

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7. Which of the following statement(s) is/are true about the 25th Amendment of the US Constitution?
1. The Twenty-fifth Amendment is known as an amendment (1967) to the Constitution of the United States.
2. It set forth succession rules relating to vacancies and disabilities of the office of the president and of the vice president.
3. It was proposed by the U.S. Congress on July 6, 1965, and it was ratified on Feb. 10, 1967.
Choose the correct answer
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1 and 3
(d) 1, 2 and 3

IAS Prelims Mock-Test 2021 – Set 83, 4 January
8. What does the Portuguese brought to India?
1. First printing press
2. Tobacco and Red chillies
Choose the correct answer
(a) Only 1
(b) Only 2
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

IAS Prelims Mock-Test 2021 – Set 82, 29 December
9. Which of the following is/are the publications of RBI?
1. Consumer Confidence Survey (CCS – Quarterly)
2. Financial Stability Report (Half-Yearly)
3. Inflation Expectations Survey of Households (IESH – Quarterly)
Choose the correct answer
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1 and 3
(d) 1, 2 and 3
10. Consider the following statements regarding the International Organization of Securities Commissions (IOSCO).
1. It was founded in 1985 and its headquarter is in Madrid Spain.
2. IOSCO Asia Pacific Hub is located in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
3. It works closely with the G20 (Group of Twenty) and the Financial Stability Board (FSB) in setting up the standards for strengthening the securities markets.
Which of the following statement(s) given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1 and 3
(d) 1, 2 and 3
Ans: 1(a), 2(c), 3(a), 4(b), 5(c), 6(d), 7(d), 8(c), 9(d), 10(b)

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 9 January, 2021

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