UPSC CDS 2 Recruitment 2020

Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) has released a notification for UPSC Combined Defense Services (CDS) II Recruitment 2020. UPSC CDS II Recruitment notification is released for 344 Vacancies of Indian Military Academy, Indian Naval Academy and Air Force Academy AND Officers’ Training Academy. Online Application Begins on 05th August and will continue till 25th August 2020. Interested Candidates can apply by clicking on the link provided below. Candidate can refer to this article for all the information regarding UPSC Combined Defence Services (CDS) 2 Application form 2020.

UPSC CDS 2 Recruitment 2020: Important Dates

Check the important dates of UPSC CDS 2 2020

Application Start Date 05th August 2020
Application Last Date 25th August 2020
Online Application Can be Withdrawn 01st to 07th September 2020
Fee Payment Last Date 25th August 2020
Admit Date October 2020
Result Date 08th November 2020

UPSC CDS 2 2020 Vacancies

Candidates can check the table below for CDS 2 vacancies:

Name of the academy Vacancies
Indian Military Academy, Dehradun 100
Indian Naval Academy, Ezhimala 26
Air Force Academy, Hyderabad 32
Officers’ Training Academy, Chennai (Madras) SSC Men 169
Officers Training Academy, Chennai SSC Women 17
Total  344

UPSC CDS 2 Recruitment 2020: Eligibility Criteria

The Eligibility Criteria for UPSC CDS 2 Recruitment 2020 are as follows:

  1. Age Limit, Sex, and Marital Status:- Check Age Limit, Sex, and Marital Status For UPSC CDS II Recruitment 2020.
    IMA: Unmarried male candidates born not earlier than 2nd July 1997 and not later than 1st July 2002 only are eligible.
    INA: Unmarried male candidates born not earlier than 2nd July 1997 and not later than 1st July 2002 only are eligible.
    OTA (SSC Course for men): Unmarried male candidates born not earlier than 2nd July 1996 and not later than 1st July 2002 only are eligible.
    OTA (SSC Women Non-Technical Course): Unmarried women, issueless widows who have not remarried and issueless divorcees (in possession of divorce documents) who have not remarried are eligible. They should have been born not earlier than 2nd July 1996 and not later than 1st July, 2002.
    AFA: 20 to 24 years as on 1st July 2021 i.e. born not earlier than 2nd July 1997 and not later than 1st July 2001.
  2. Education Qualification:- For admission to the examination, a candidate must have –
    (a) Indian Military Academy/Officers Training Academy-Candidates having a graduation Degree in any stream from any recognized university/Institution will be considered for this post.
    (b) Air force Academy-Candidates having Graduation Degree in Physics & Maths at 10+ 2 Level/Bachelor of Engineering from a recognized university/Institution will be considered for this post.
    (c) Indian Naval Academy – Candidates having Engineering Degree in relevant trade will be considered for this post.
  3. Examination Fee:- 200 for General/OBC all others are exempted from fee.

UPSC CDS 2 Online Application Form 2020

The UPSC CDS 2 Application form 2020 is available from 30th October to 19th November 2019 to be completed in all respects.
Requirements of UPSC CDS 2 Application Form 2020:

  • Matriculation Certificate/Marksheet
  • Age Proof/Birth Certificate
  • Education Certificate.
  • Caste Certificate
  • Challan/Credit Certificate/E Challan
  • Photograph
  • Signature

The UPSC CDS 2 Application form 2020 link is available below. Follow the given instructions for completing the form.

UPSC CDS 2 Application form 2020 Link

Steps for submitting UPSC CDS II Online Application Form:

  1. Click the above link for UPSC CDS II Online Application Form.
  2. As the new tab opens, click the option, “Click here for Part I registration”.
  3. On the next page, Check for the declaration at the bottom of the page, “Yes, I Agree”.
  4. Fill the Personal Details.
  5. Finally, Agree for declaration and Submit Part I of UPSC CDS II Online Application Form.
  6. Go to Part II of the form and make Payment details (except for fee exempted candidates), selection of examination center, uploading of Photograph, Signature, Photo Identity Card Document and Declaration.
  7. Verify all the credentials and then click Submit.

Note to the candidates for submitting UPSC CDS I Online Application Form:

  1. The UPSC CDS I Online Application Form must be completed in all aspects.
  2. Verify all the details after submitting or uploading the related credentials.
  3. On the successful completion of your complete application, an auto-generated email message will be sent on your registered email-id.
  4. In case the email is not received by you please check/ensure that submission of Part-II of the Application has been made by you.
  5. Payment is compulsory for all the candidates except for the exempted candidates. Without payment, the application is considered invalid.

UPSC CDS I Recruitment 2020: Exam Pattern

The UPSC CDS I Exam Pattern is given below in the table:

Exam Subject Duration Marks
Indian Military Academy, Indian Naval Academy and Air Force Academy Written Examination English 2 hours 100
General Knowledge 2 hours 100
Elementary Mathematics 2 hours 100
Officers’ Training Academy Written Examination English 2 hours 100
General Knowledge 2 hours 100
Intelligence and Personality Test Person to person 6-7 Days No Marks (Qualifying)

UPSC CDS 2 Exam Centre:


Stay updated for upcoming notices on UPSC CDS II Recruitment 2020.

UPSC CDS II Recruitment: FAQ’s

Q 1. What are the dates to apply for UPSC CDS II Recruitment?

Ans. The candidates can apply for UPSC CDS II Recruitment 2020 from 05th August to 26th August 2020.

Q 2. What are the posts for which UPSC CDS II Recruitment 2020 is notified?

Ans. UPSC CDS 2 notification is released to recruit officers in Indian Defence.

Q 3. What is the application fee of UPSC CDS II recruitment 2020?

Ans. The application fee for UPSC CDS II Recruitment is Rs. 200/-. for General/ OBC and others are exempted from fee payment.

Q 4. How can I apply for UPSC CDS II Recruitment 2020?

Ans. One can apply by using the application link in the article or from the official website.

Q 5. How many vacancies are there in UPSC CDS II Recruitment 2020?

Ans. There are 344 vacancies in UPSC CDS II Recruitment 2020.

UPSC civil services exam is the exam with utmost respect and pride , recently UPSC CSE 2019 mains result was declared and many aspirants are now preparing for their interview . Adda247 congratulates all qualified aspirants and motivates all those who missed the attempt or those who want to prepare for IAS exam.

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With the aim to help aspirants Adda247 has launched UPSC section in Adda247 App where aspirants will get current affairs, daily quizzes, videos and course updates.Adda247 has lauched various online live courses / batches to help aspirants in such pandemic situation so that their studies should continue without any delay.

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  • Mock test for both papers with explanation
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Subject Covered:

  • Indian Polity
  • Economy
  • History
  • Geography & Environment
  • CSAT Reasoning
  • Current Affairs
  • CSAT Mathematics
  • CSAT Comprehension
  • Environment
  • Indian Culture

Course Language :  Classes: Hindi and English (Bilingual) / Mock Test Bilingual

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A well strategy and defined plan makes your goal half achieved.The very first step to start with the strategy for preparing for UPPCS is the mindset of the aspirant because this journey could be long and needs patience and consistency. Every year millions of students appear for UPPSC exam and many students  generally feel that they need coaching to prepare for civil services examination but it completely depends upon aspirant to aspirants ,if one  thinks that he/she is smart enough to study on their own this can be very well dealt with but still everyone need better guidance ,Adda247 brought you the solution of this problem, the experienced team of Adda247 are all together here and guiding students to clear exam in their first attempt.

Adda247 has launched Online Live Classes UPPSC crash course for all those dedicated aspirants who want to become a PSC officer. The detailed about the course it

– 125+ hours of Live Interactive Classes

– Latest Pattern

– Recorded Classes

– Counseling Sessions by Expert Faculties

– Recorded Videos available 24/7 for quick Revision.

– Solve Unlimited doubts with experts.

– Strategy session on how to attempt the exam.

– Get Preparation tips from the experts & Learn Time Management.


There have been many stories of students who have cleared exams on their own with very limited and scarce resources and Adda247 is consistently helping such aspirants with well result oriented course content,  the UPPSC crash course is prepared as per the requirement of aspirants and it will cover all important aspects of exam

Subject Covered : General Studies Paper


  1. Current events of national and international importance.
  2. History of India and Indian National Movement.
  3. Indian and World geography – Physical, Social, Economic geography of India and the World.
  4. Indian Polity and governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues etc.
  5. Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.
  6. General Issues on Environmental ecology, Biodiversity and Climate Change- that do not require subject specialization.
  7. General Science
  8. UP GK

    General Studies Paper -2

  9. Comprehension.
  10. Interpersonal skills including communication skills
  11. Logical reasoning and analytical ability.
  12. Decision making and problem solving.
  13. General mental ability
  14. Elementary Mathematics upto Class X level- Arithmetic, Algebra, Geometry and Statistics.
  15. General English upto Class X level.
  16. General Hindi upto Class X level.

 Course Language :  Classes: Hindi and English (Bilingual)

Adda247 will cover all requirements of the exam as far as content & strategy is concerned.The only thing aspirants need to have is their dedication and determination towards their goal and they went off well with flying colors.

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UPSC Civil Service Final Result 2019: Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) has released the Result of civil services 2019 exam on 04th August 2020. A total of 829 candidates have been recommended for appointment. Candidates who had appeared in interview may check their result here. Candidates may get the direct link to check their result Roll Number wise PDF below.

UPSC Civil Service Final Result 2019

The result of Civil Services is available on the official website Candidates can check the result PDF and steps to check the result of the UPSC Civil Service Final Result 2019. Candidates can also check the written result PDF below. Follow the same for your convenience. Category-wise break up is given below.

304 (incl.
11 PwBD-1,
05 PwBD-2,
12 PwBD-3 &
01 PwBD-5)
78 (incl.
01 PwBD-1,
Nil PwBD-2,
Nil PwBD-3
& Nil
251 (incl.
04 PwBD-1,
03 PwBD-2,
01 PwBD-3 &
02 PwBD-5)
129 (incl.
Nil PwBD-1,
01 PwBD-2,
Nil PwBD-3 &
01 PwBD-5)
67 (incl.
01 PwBD-1,
Nil PwBD-2,
Nil PwBD-3 &
Nil PwBD-5)
829 (incl.
17 PwBD-1,
09 PwBD-2,
13 PwBD-3 &
04 PwBD-5)

UPSC Civil Service Vacancies 2019

Check the number of vacancies reported by various departments in the table below:

Service Gen EWS OBC SC ST Total
I.A.S. 72 18 52 25 13 180
I.F.S 12 02 06 03 01 24
I.P.S 60 15 42 23 10 150
Central Services Group ‘A’ 196 34 109 64 35 438
Group ‘B’ Services 57 14 42 14 08 135
Total 397 83 251 129 67 927*

How to Check Your UPSC Civil Service Final Result 2019?

    1. Click the given link to check UPSC Civil Service Final Result PDF.
    2. As the PDF of the required Prelims Result opens, a list of selected candidates will appear
    3. Press Ctrl + F and check your name or roll number in the search bar
    4. If your roll number gets highlighted, you have qualified in UPSC Civil Service exam.

UPSC Civil Service Final Result 2019 Link

Click on the link provide below to check the result.

Points to Remember for UPSC Civil Service Final Result

  • Qualified candidates need to go for joining in the respected department to complete the joining process.
  • Candidates can check the joining date when it will be released by the commission.
  • Registered Email ID and Phone Numbers must be kept active for receiving any update.

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National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 has been declared by the government of India . The policy changes proposed in NEP 2020 could lead to better learning and employment outcomes for everybody. MHRD is now changed its name to Ministry of Education

If we consider the education system in India and draw conclusions we can analyse the growth easily .Education in India has achieved growth which is a remarkable achievement. 3.74 crore students are now studying in 51,649 institutions. As per Ministry of Education as per NEP 2020, 91 lakh students graduate per year. This is now officially the largest education system in the world.  The main  target of NEP 2020 is to create at least one large multidisciplinary institution in or near every district by 2030.The main concern is to think about the young population of the age group of 18-23 years .Since the enrollment of women in educational institute has exceeded the population of men in terms of GRE .SC community, 14.9% enrolment against 16.6% of the population; remarkably close

ST community, 5.5% enrolment against 8.6% of the population it’s also an achievement, OBC community, 36.3% enrolment against 40.9% of the population.Minorities, however, have not demonstrated the same progress. If we consider about the Minorities constitute 20.2% of India’s population but only 7.5% in Higher Education enrollment. The report received by AISHE that only determines Muslims population separately, that represents 5.2% of Higher Education enrolment as against 15% of the population now. The only concern is about the Muslim community  , goeverment need to work upon motivating them else they only will left behind

The following reforms announced in NEP 2020  :

1. Top 200 institutions full autonomy

Because of heavy government regulation, the Indian education system was legging behind which has taken the focus away from quality. NEP 2020 has put a ‘light but tight’ regulatory framework without any fear that will bring positive changes .Through NEP 2020, India should work to provide full academic grant, administrative and financial autonomy to its 200+ top-ranked universities, so that they can expand updated course that can match the global standards

2. The National Research Foundation establishment must be priority

To cater the situation of major economies in research and innovation Indian government should work towards the establishment of NRF , government should respond to the urgent need .Moving  toward nation-building via R&D, GoI must allocate at least Rs 5,000 crore per year on a non-lapsable basis

3.Top 100 universities should be provided better incentive plans

NEP 2020’s drawn its farsight towards professional education and frontier technologies like AI/ML, engineering  etc.If students at such top notch institutes receive better incentives, more talent can be made attracted towards doctorate programs and others.  India only produces about 40,800 PhDs a year, mostly of indifferent quality. We must quickly scale to 50,000 more per year to a total of 100,000 of high global standards of quality.

4.With Market Loan Indian should improve its infrastructure

With new-age learning environments NEP2020 has cleared its path with research and development, sports, culture, medical facilities etc.Student should be given wide options of selecting and option higher education and the policies should be made easy for those who want to get best education

5.Improvement  of GER in low-GER districts must be planned

Many states and districts of India have a GER below 25 , if we consider fews states like Bihar/WB and other the GER is not matching the standard as required;

Bihar (13.6),
West Bengal (19.3),
Jharkhand (19.1),

These states and districts must be given special grants with a 50/50 participation from central and relevant state governments.

6.Allowing top global universities to set up in India

GoI must plan to allow top 100 global universities to set up in India with which we can save at least  $20 billion a year as nearly 7 lakh or more students visited abroad for higher education across 90 countries

7.National Scholarship Fund should be set up

The National Scholarship Fund can be modelled as a Public-Private-Partnership

For assured selection in UPSC , get study material

For Free UPSC Material & All India Test Register :


A most famous discussion of July 16, 1945,  when the world’s first super bomb blasted in a desert in New Mexico which was dumped with 13 pounds of plutonium circulating at its core . It has destroyed all and nothing was left lively . Within a few seconds it has turned the greenery into a vast desert


After a few minutes after the blast theUS scientists and military personnel were celebrating their success from a distance of a few ten  thousand kilometers and they named it as the beginning of the nuclear era .Before explosion many were in doubt that there will be no blast or destruction and some believed to have one, but after the blast many were celebrating success while others feared that this might be the conclusion or more clearly the cause of destruction of the world


The world’s first atomic bomb was also tested on this day, exactly 75 years ago named Gadget the ‘Trinity Test’. After not more than a nuclear bomb was dropped in Nagasaki that has destroyed the place completely named Fat Man


Albert Einstein  (Nobel prize winning physicist) warned then-US President Franklin D Roosevelt of the potential threat posed by an atomic weapon being developed by Adolf Hitler.After just a month the giant Germany initiated World War II by approaching Poland

After waiting for some time the United States launched a secret atomic research named the Manhattan project led by US Army Colonel Leslie R Groves. Around 1942 facilities were established in remote locations across the US, as well as in Canada. The laboratory was named as Los Alamos


The team at Los Alamos was headed by J Robert Oppenheimer, a physics professor at the University of California, Berkeley. Oppenheimer later came to be known as the “father of the atomic bomb”. His team included Danish scientist Niels Bohr, Italian scientists Enrico Fermi and Emilio Segré, Hungarians Edward Teller and John von Neumann, Hans A. Bethe from Germany, as well as American-born scientist Richard Feyman.


The two types of bombs developed are —

1.Uranium based – which was later code-named ‘the Little Boy’ before it was dropped on Hiroshima
2.Plutonium Core


In an interview with NBC in 1965, Oppenheimer translated the Bhagavad Gita phrase that has passed his mind during the blast “Now I am becoming death, the destroyer of worlds.”After celebrating the success of the test, Colonel Leslie Groves and Oppenheimer drafted report to submit to the Secretary of War and the US President.


As a deadly conclusion of the war there was a sudden rise in infant mortality rate.  According to a  famous study published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention after  the explosion several residents also complained that the number of cancer patients went up after the Trinity Test.It was only in 1990, when the federal government passed the Radiation Exposure Compensation Act (RECA), that residents of North Mexico who contracted Cancer and other other illnesses due to radiation exposure received compensation.


Many residents since more than 100 miles from the test site complained that they had suffered from skin burns, bleeding and loss of hair and cancer. Much more information was released about the damage done by the atomic bombs in Japan. The Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings are known to have killed well over 2 million people


The uranium bomb in Hiroshima on August 6, 1945, destroyed around 1 million people by the end of 1945. The plutonium bomb explosion over Nagasaki, which took place three days later, killed 74,000 people that year, according to International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICANW) data.After witnessing such a destruction in japanese cities Oppenheimer publicly admitted that he regretted building a bomb that had created such destruction


Few countries like the US, the UK, Russia, France, India, China, Israel, Pakistan and North Korea possessing nuclear weapon now


For assured selection in UPSC , get study material

For Free UPSC Material & All India Test Register :




UPSC CMS Notification 2020: The Union Public Service Commission, UPSC has released the Combined Medical Service, CMS 2020 Notification at its official website –  A total of 559 vacancies have been notified for the post of Junior Scale, Assistant Divisional Medical Officer, Assistant Medical Officer, General Duty Medical Officer (GDMO).

The last date of registration for UPSC CMS Exam is 18 August 2020. However, the online Applications can be withdrawn from 25 August to 31 August 2020 till 6.00 PM. As per the UPSC Calendar, UPSC CMS Exam will be held on 22 October 2020.

The candidates who have qualified their MBBS and are willing to apply for the UPSC CMS Recruitment 2020 may apply online from 29 July 2020.

UPSC CMS 2020: Exam Highlights

Exam Name Combined Medical Services, CMS
Exam Conducting Body Union Public Service Commission, UPSC
Exam Frequency Annually
Type of Question Objective Type
(Multiple choice answers)
Application Fee Rs 200
CMS Exam Stage 2 stages
Exam Mode
  • Online computer-based exam
  • Personality Test
Language English Only
Exam Helpline No. 011-23385271/011-23381125/011-23098543
Exam Official Website

UPSC CMS 2020: Important Dates

CMS UPSC 2020 Events

Important Dates

Date of notification 29 Jul 2020
Starting date of application form 29 Jul 2020
Last date of application form
and fee payment
18th August 2020
till 6.00 P.M.
UPSC CMS Form Withdrawal Date 25.08.2020 to 31.08.2020
till 6.00 PM.
Issuance of admit card 3 weeks before the Exam Date
Exam date 22nd October, 2020
Declaration of the result To be announced
Release of answer key To be announce

UPSC CMS 2020 Vacancies

The total no. of vacancies that have been notified by the UPSC For the CMS is 559. The following table shows the post wise vacancy distribution.

UPSC CMS 2020: Vacancy details

Post Vacancies
Junior Scale Posts in Central Health Service 182
Assistant Divisional Medical Officer
in the Railways.
Assistant Medical Officer in Indian
Ordnance Factories Health Service.
General Duty Medical Officer (GDMO)in
New Delhi Municipal Council
General Duty Medical Officer Gr-II (GDMO) in
East Delhi Municipal Corporation,
North Delhi Municipal Corporation
and South Delhi Municipal Corporation
Total 559

UPSC CMS 2020 Notification PDF

The UPSC has released the notification for the UPSC combined Medica Services 2020- on 28th July 2020 on its official site which is There are a total of 559 vacancies for the candidates who have passed the MBBS Course. The Official Notification PDF 2020 is given below to download.

The candidates who are willing to apply online may apply by 18th August 2020.

UPSC CMS 2020: Eligibility Criteria

Check the eligibility from below as mentioned in the official brochure.

(i) Nationality

  1. A citizen of India, or
  2. A subject of Nepal, or
  3. The subject of Bhutan, or
  4. A Tibetan refugee who came over to India before the 1st January 1962
  5. A person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka or East African Countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire and Ethiopia or from Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.

Note: For a person belonging from category 2 to 5 have to issue a certificate of eligibility from Gov. of India.

(ii) Age Limit

A candidate for this examination must not have attained the age of 32 years as on 1st August, 2020, i.e. the candidate must have been born not earlier than 2nd August, 1988. However, for Junior Time Scale Posts in Central Health Services, the upper age limit must not exceed 35 (thirty-five years) on the aforesaid cut-off date.

Age Relaxation

The upper age limit is relaxed in the following cases. The candidates lying in these categories can avail for age relaxation.

Category  Age Relaxation
SC/ST Upto 5 years
Other backward class Upto 3 years
Domicile of Jammu and Kashmir Upto 5 years
Defence service personnel disabled in operations Upto 3 years
Ex-servicemen including Commissioned Officers and ECOs/SSCOs who have rendered at least five years Military Service Upto 5 years
ECOs/SSCOs who have completed an initial period of assignment of 5 years Military Service Upto 5 years
In the case of disability Upto 10 years

(iii) Educational Qualifications

  • To be eligible, candidates must be passed the written and practical of the final M.B.B.S examination.

Application Fee For UPSC CMS 2020

The application fee for the UPSC CMO 2020 Exam can be deposited in any Branch of SBI by cash, or by using net banking facility of State Bank of India or by using Visa/Master/RuPay Credit/Debit Card or by using Internet Banking of SBI.

  • Excepting Female/SC/ST/PwBD candidates: Exempted
  • General Candidates: Rs 200/-

UPSC CMS 2020: Steps To Apply

Here is the screen shot of the UPSC Combined Medical Service Online Application 2020.

  1. Click the direct link to open the apply online link directly or go to the official website of UPSC.
  2. As the link opens, if you are already registered login with the credentials, otherwise click the part 1 registration and read the instructions.
  3. Click on “I agree” to proceed for the form submission.
  4. Now, fill the identity credentials, education qualification, and address.
  5. Click Continue and submit Part 1 Registration.
  6. Part 2 registration comprises of logging in the registration ID and DOB.
  7. Fill all the important details like the selection of examination centre, uploading of Photograph, Signature, Photo Identity Card Document and Declaration.
  8. Press “I agree” button after he finds that information supplied by him is in order and no correction is required.
  9. Pay the required application fee if applicable.
  10. Take the Print out of the final form.

Apply Online For UPSC CMS Recruitment 2020

Click on the link that is given below to apply online for the ongoing UPSC CMS Recruitment 2020. Apply for the post for which you are suitable.

UPSC CMS 2020 Exam Pattern

Admission to UPSC CMS is done by qualifying 2 stage procedures: || Part I and Part II ||. The Exam Pattern for the UPSC CMS for the Junior Scale Posts and other posts is given below.


  1. The candidates will take the Computer based examination in two Papers, each Paper carrying a maximum of 250 marks. Each Paper will be of two hours duration.
  2. Both the Papers of the CMSE will be of MBBS standard.
  3. One-third of the marks assigned to that question will be deducted as penalty.
  4. The question paper will be set only in English.

Part-II Personality Test: (100 Marks):

Personality test carrying 100 marks of such of the candidates who qualify on the results of the Computer based examination.


Paper I Marks: 250
General Medicine 96 questions
Paediatrics 24 question
Total Questions 120


Paper-II Max Marks: 250
Surgery 40 questions
Gynaecology & Obstetrics 40 questions
Preventive & Social Medicine 40 questions
Total Questions 120

Syllabus For UPSC CMS 2020 Exam

The syllabus for the UPSC Paper I and Peper II is explained below.

Syllabus For UPSC CMS Paper-I

Paper I of UPSC CMS will be of 250 Marks. There will be 120 questions. All the questions will be objective in nature. Out of the 120 questions, 96 will be from General Medicine and 24 from Paediatrics.

(a) General medicine
(b) Paediatrics

Syllabus For UPSC CMS Paper-II

The UPSC CMS Paper II will be of 250 Marks and will include the following. There will be three parts each of 40 Marks. The following are the subjects for the UPSC CMS Paper II.

(a) Surgery
(b) Gynaecology & Obstetrics
(c) Preventive & Social Medicine

UPSC CMO 2020 Exam: FAQs

Q. How many vacancies are there for the UPSC Combined Medical Services 2020?

Ans. There are a total of 559 Vacancies for the UPSC Combined Medical Services 2020.

Q. What is the date to apply for the UPSC CMO Recruitment 2020?

Ans A candidate can apply online for the UPSC CMO from 29th July to 18th August 2020.

Q. What are the posts for which I can apply for the UPSC CMO 2020?

Ans. You can apply for the post of UPSC Junior Scale Posts, Assistant Divisional Medical Officer, Assistant Medical Officer (AMO), General Duty Medical Officer (GDMO), and General duty Medical Officer Gr-II.

Q. What is the exam date for the UPSC 2020 Combined Medical Services?

Ans. The exam date is October 22, 2020 for UPSC CMO 2020.

Q. What will be language of the question paper for the UPSC CMS 2020?

Ans. The UPSC CMS question paper will be set only in English.

Q. What is the Exam Pattern for the UPSC CMS 2020?

Ans. There will two stages of the Exam, One will be Computer Based Paper of 500 Marks followed by a personal interview.

Considering the unfortunate killing of 20 soldiers from India by Chinese troops at Galwan, the entire nation is indirectly seeking a cold war against the dragon.The whole nation all together raising voice to boycott Chinese products. Few cases we have witnessed where few of the patriots of Indian had destroyed Chinese TVs, mobiles and Chinese products, even demanding a ban on Chinese food at Indian restaurants.


Twitter and social media are exploding with #ChineseProductsInDustbin and #BharatUnitedAgainstChina etc. Outrage against China is stoking anti- China sentiments not only in India or the countries encircling the South China Sea which was suffering due to Chinese attempt of self development but along with all these nation , few major powers like  Europe and America witnessing the pandemic are also against the dragon


Before getting trapped with nationalistic wave lets understand the matter in brief and lets have a reality check :

1.China is the world’s second largest economy with a GDP of $13.6 trillion

2China is also India’s second biggest trading partner after the USA (Rs 7.3 lakh crore in FY 2019-20)

3.India’s export to China is around  Rs 1.8 lakh crore nearly  25 percent of the total trade.

4.China exports to India is around Rs 5.5 lakh crore that accounts nearly 75 percent.

China is enjoying a comfortable trade surplus with the USA, the UK and many other countries. Apart from it , the total goods that china exports to India are not finished products; most of it is in the form of raw materials and products like pharmaceutical ingredients which India processes into generic drugs and exports all over the world.


Other goods like electrical machinery and parts, auto components,organic chemicals, fertilisers, etc. covers 67 percent of India’s imports from China, and in the event of a trade blockade, it is Indian manufacturing and exports that are going to be hurt the most. As per the data received by DGCIS for 2018- 19, China covers more or less nearly 14 percent of Indian imports (USA 7 percent) and 5 percent of Indian exports (USA 16 per cent), but for China, its trade with India is almost inconsequential.


Keeping just  2.1 percent of its share of total trade, India  is quite lagging behind in chinese share if we consider or analyse other trading partners of china like USA, Japan, South Korea, Germany and others. Indian is at the 12th place in 2018 if we see the share in Chinese economy. Trade suspension is hardly going to impact China, and certainly cannot be an effective tool to resolve India’s border disputes with that country. Rather it is going to hurt India in many more ways. Take for example the Chinese investments in India.


Chinese Investment In India

1.A Brookings report in April 2020  analysed briefly that by 2017, the total Chinese investment in India had stood at over $ 9 billion, with Alibaba and Tencent being the two biggest investors in India

2.Report was also stating that over 800 Chinese companies operating in the Indian market with 75 manufacturing facilities spread throughout India. These industries include the intermediate industries like that of smartphones, appliances, equipment for construction and others . Many of the major companies that are operating in India have involvement in China. Industries like  Adani, Godrej Boyce, and even the Indian PSU like BEML, BHEL and others are having operations of China


3.Chinese investment can be seen in many Indian companies – Snapdeal, Swiggy, Ola, Paytm, Flipkart, Bigbasket, Zomato etc

4.As of March 2020, 18 of India’s 30 unicorns were funded by Chinese companies.

5.Nearly 60 percent of the Indian market share is claimed by three Chinese companies, Xiaomi, Vivo and Oppo.

6. The top 10 Chinese companies including Huawei and Xiaomi are running 68 ongoing projects in India.

Blockade of trade and investment would be almost suicidal for Indian start-ups and other companies, especially when the economy is in the doldrums.

Government policies and vision to make India import-substitution, self-reliance, Atmanirbhar Bharat etc. is not a one day deal . To manufacture everything and to mark a presence in the International market is a continuous process.  For that, we must source the raw materials and capital from wherever we could get them the cheapest, because that is what basically drives international trade.

The only way to stand up to China is by increasing our competitiveness. One should not feel shy from using Chinese capital, Chinese technology and Chinese products. We have to work hard with a forward looking vision as it is  our inefficiency that has enabled China to penetrate our market to pose serious challenges to domestic industries.If we ban Chinese products we will not be able to save our own economy rather the nation all together should work to become self reliant in all phases.

The pandemic Covid’19 situation left a question in front of market experts: one should never rely on one trade source who at any time can claim and enter our economy. This has given India one lifetime opportunity to attract investments and companies away from China unto itself. Hence the Prime Minister’s emphasis on ‘Buy Local, Be Global’ and Atmanirbhar Bharat, and to ultimately substitute China as the world’s supplier. With drawing the focus towards vocal to local prime ministers has emphasised upon self-reliance in all segments.

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The question is still lively who is taking  responsibility for all the casualties taken in Galwan valley in the late evening of June 15. If we try to analyse the number of casualties we find that 20 on the Indian side, was the highest since 1967, and included that of a high ranking Colonel of the Bihar Regiment. The exact casualty details from chinese side as it was not officially declared yet,though they have conceded that at least one Colonel was among those killed.

With all these casualties, it can be easily analysed that with these incidents the future of China-India relations will be on stack. But,the meeting of the senior Commanders of India and China on June 22-23 appeared to reach a “mutual consensus” and embark on lowering “tensions” through a “gradual and verifiable disengagement”.

India is a bit keeping its cards closed and the debate  has so far been largely limited to China’s perfidy in violating the status quo. Many leaders came forward against the violating action of China . The former PM Dr. Manmohan Singh accused China of illegally claiming  parts of Indian Territory such as the Galwan Valley and Pangong Tso. Adding a bit of extra salt to the discussion  was Mr.Narendra Modi (Honourable PM’s) statements on June 19 upon discussing the issue that“there was no intruder on our land now and no post in anyone’s custody”.

China was sustaining its steps that India should move out of the valley. And to leave Galwan is not in the cards of India and it was clear that India will no longer ignore or resist it,by claiming the Galwan Valley, China has again opened it can be some of the issues left over from the 1962 conflict, and it can be easily analyzed that China is working  to embark on a new confrontation.

Equivocation still pertains to the Line of Actual Control (LAC),the Chinese “claim line” is since November 1959, while that of  India is since September 1962. Since the last few years, both India and China have not supported opening  the issue, but China has never given up its claims. China with its unilateral declaration is looking forward  to settling the matter in chinese favour. India is looking forward to manage this challenge

Aksai Chin and its worth for neighbouring bilateral relations

The matter that session by session is left over the government is still upto the current administrations in Delhi , China since last many years  has consistently asserted its claims over the complete Aksai Chin. Aksai Chin is valuable for China because it can provide direct connectivity between two of the most troubled regions of China, the first is  Xinjiang and other one is Tibet. The statement of then Home Minister Amit Shah’s statement last year laying claim to the whole of Aksai Chin has created kios among the chinese consortium

Assessing and analysing the intelligence 

The attack on the valley has raised a direct question over the failure of intelligence. It is regarding the context of the intelligence team that if they would have provided enough information then the government can make better decisions. Since it was expected from the intelligence team to have in depth understanding of ground reality somewhere it has raised the question on intelligence . The Chinese calculation now can be analysed from the front easily .Built-up in the Galwan Valley, Pangong Tso and Hotsprings-Gogra did not require any great intelligence effort, since there was little attempt at concealment by the Chinese. India is equipped with high quality imagery intelligence (IMINT) along with the signals intelligence (SIGINT) is divided among the NTRO, the Ministry of Defence and other,which make it possible to track chinese next steps 

It can not be ignored that India has developed its  technological capabilities for intelligence and tracking systems but one cannot ignore the fact that the capability of understanding and analysis has not kept speed with the advancement of technology upfront. Artificial intelligence have covered the world all together but analysing the data is still not in equal pace

Even so, since last year when it was known to all that the economy of China’s was declining and then there was a devastating pandemic situation that’s that of COVID-19 pandemic. China became   known to have become extremely sensitive and trying to conceal its economical weakness.China with this front is facing debate with United States

The Bilateral Meet was limited 

The limited meeting agendas has still kept the ideology of growth pending and with no specific obligations still the matter has nonconclusion

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In the 2011 Kerala High Court decision was completely reversed of the recent decision given by the honorable  Supreme court where the court gave the right of the Travancore royal family to manage the property of deity at Sree Padmanabha Swamy Temple in Thiruvananthapuram. As per law and customary obligations, the rights to manage the financial affairs of the deity will continue to be with the members of the family . If the last ruler too will die then also  it will certainly be with the family.

Lets us understand the exact case: The main question to be kept as the central legal question was that after the death of the last ruler of Travancore ‘Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma’ in 1991 ,whether the younger brother Utradam Thirunal Marthanda Varma could claim to be the “Ruler of Travancore” .

Then the honorary court further analyzed and found the claim within the abstract meaning of that term according to the Travancore-Cochin Hindu Religious Institutions Act, 1950  that claims the  ownership, control and management of the ancient Sree Padmanabha Swamy Temple  should lie with the family.

As per the Instrument of Accession signed between the princely states and the Government of India, since 1949, the administration of the Padmanabhaswamy Temple was “vested in trust” in the Ruler of Travancore.Before 1947 ,The temples which were under the control and management of the Princely States of Travancore and Cochin were under the control of the Travancore and Cochin Devaswom Boards .Although the state of Kerala was formed in 1956 but the temple was managed ,controlled  by the family

In 1971, the sovereign’s private income to the former royals were abolished through a constitutional amendment by abolishing all of  their privileges and entitlements  This step  was further sustained by the honorable court in 1993 and the last ruler of Travancore ‘Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma’ who died in 1991 during the continuation of this case managed the temple 

In 1991, when the last ruler’s death took place his younger brother came forward and had taken the management and ownership of control in his hand. It then caused anger among devotees who moved the courts. The government since then also joined in the  support of the claims of the petitioner that the younger brother had no legal right to further claim the control and  management of the temple.And since then the verdict lies with the supreme court

The temple was considered and still considered a public institution and not as the legal property of any one family  The argument of the royal family is that  as per the family traditions and the ancient custom the temple management was with the family and they claimed even the temple is a public institution but to manage the autocracy the family is following custom generation after generation.And also the last ruler had not included the Sree Padmanabhaswamy Temple as his personal property and there is no mention of the temple in his last will as well

In 2007, the younger brother of the last ruler Marthanda Varmahas claimed that all  money, jewellery and metals of the temple were the family property . After his claim, multiple suits were filed against his claim and a lower court in Kerala passed a law not to open any vault of temple 

In 2011, the Kerala High Court passed an order that to manage and control the affairs of the temple it is required to form a board and the order is against the royal family. The appeal against this verdict was filed by the royal family immediately  after the order of Kerala high court but the honorary  Supreme Court sustained the High Court verdict.

The honorary court had  appointed two members, the first one is the senior advocate Gopal Subramaniam and the second was  former Comptroller and Auditor General of India Vinod Rai. It was an order of the SC that they had to prepare an inventory of items in the vaults.The team of the two most experienced members worked and finally had opened  five vaults out of the six vaults . The vault B was kept unopened because the royal family  was continuously claiming that a mythical curse is associated with the opening of vault B and it can cause destruction if was tried to open the vault

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