G7 Countries List
As we know currently, Prime Minister Narendra Modi is in Germany to attend the G7 (Group of Seven) summit at Schloss Elmau, Germany, close to the Austrian border. Germany holds the presidency of the G7 in 2022 as every year, a member country takes on a year-long presidency and hosts the summit.
German Chancellor Olaf Scholz has invited India, along with Argentina, Indonesia, Senegal, and South Africa to the 2022 Summit as partner countries. Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy, is taking part virtually in the summit due to ongoing crisis in the country.
This summit was started on sunday i.e. 26th of june. In this two day summit, Narendra Modi will be the part of various bilateral meeting with world leaders. The Prime Minister is expected to speak in two sessions that include Environment, Energy, Climate, Food Security, Health, Gender Equality, and Democracy, the Ministry of External Affairs informed earlier this week.
Prominent international organizations like the United Nations, the World Health Organization (WHO), the World Trade Organization (WTO), the International Monetary Fund (IMF), and the World Bank, are also participating in the Summit.
In this article we will try to understand the formation of G7 countries and the list of countries which are part of it.
What is G7 Grouping?
The G7 is an informal forum of leading industrialised nations, which include Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States. Representatives of the European Union are always present at the annual meeting of the heads of state and government of the G7. Its members are the world’s largest IMF advanced economies and wealthiest liberal democracies. The group is officially organized around shared values of pluralism and representative government.
This grouping was formed in 1975, as the world suffered from the first oil shock and financial crisis. Six leading industrial countries met for the first time to discuss the global economy. The first meeting was an initiative of then-French president Valéry Giscard d’Estaing and the German chancellor Helmut Schmidt and was held in Chateau de Rambouillet, 50 kilometres south-west of Paris.
Canada joined in 1976 and it became the group of 7 leading countries and when Russia joined in 1998, it became the group of 8 but in March 2014, Russia lost its membership after it annexed the crimea. The European Union (EU) has participated in the G7 since 1981 as a “non-enumerated” member, represented by presidents of the European Council.
List of Seniority of Current G7 Leaders
|Person||Office||In Office Since||Term Length|
|Justin Trudeau||Prime Minister of Canada||4 November 2015||6 years, 235 days|
|Emmanuel Macron||President of France||14 May 2017||5 years, 44 days|
|Boris Johnson||Prime Minister of the United Kingdom||24 July 2019||2 years, 338 days|
|Joe Biden||President of the United States||20 January 2021||1 year, 158 days|
|Mario Draghi||Prime Minister of Italy||13 February 2021||1 year, 134 days|
|Fumio Kishida||Prime Minister of Japan||4 October 2021||266 days|
|Olaf Scholz||Chancellor of Germany||8 December 2021||201 days|