The All-India Quarterly Establishment-based Employment Survey_00.1
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The All-India Quarterly Establishment-based Employment Survey

The All-India Quarterly Establishment-based Employment Survey- Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 3: Indian Economy- Issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

 

The All-India Quarterly Establishment-based Employment Survey- Context

  • Recently released Quarterly Employment Survey (QES) report shows that India has seen a growth of 29% in employment across nine sectors in April-June 2021 over 2013-14.

 

The All-India Quarterly Establishment-based Employment Survey- Key Findings

  • Releasing Ministry: It is released by compiled and published by the Ministry of Labour and Employment.
  • Coverage: the report covered 10,593 firms that employed more than 10 workers and were spread over nine sectors that account for 85% of the total employment in such establishments.
  • Key Findings:
    • Establishments in the first quarter (Apr-June 2021) reported 27% pandemic-related retrenchment.
    • Overall, employment stood at 3.08 crore in the first quarter, up from 2.37 crore as reported in the Sixth Economic Census (2013-2014).
    • All but two sectors — trade and accommodation & restaurants — saw an increase in employment over the period.
    • The IT/BPO sector had the most impressive growth (152%), followed by health (77%), transport (68%), financial services (48%), construction (42%), education (39%) and manufacturing (22%).
    • Manufacturing was found to account for 41% of the establishments, followed by education (22%) and health (8%).
    • There was a decline in employment in trade (25%) and accommodation and restaurants (13%), which could be attributed to the second wave of the pandemic that was at its peak during the survey.
  • Key Significance:
    • The contemporary data on the status of employment is useful for policy-makers and this survey would help other government departments and Ministries as well.
    • The survey would also help the public as they could focus on learning skills that are found lacking in the workforce.

 

The All-India Quarterly Establishment-based Employment Survey- Background

  • In April 2021, the Ministry of Labour and Employment was entrusted with five major All India Surveys by the Government of India. They are-
  1. All-India Survey of Migrant Workers,
  2. All-India Survey on Domestic Workers,
  3. All-India Survey on Employment generated in Transport Sector,
  4. All-India Survey of Employment Generated by Professionals and
  5. All-India Quarterly Establishment based Employment Survey (AQEES)
  • Design and development: Above five surveys have been developed and designed by Labour Bureau under the technical guidance of an expert group chaired by Prof S. P. Mukherjee and co-chaired by Dr Amitabh Kundu.
  • Expected benefits:
    • Promote paperless collection of data as these surveys will use tablet PCs in the field work.
    • Use of latest technology is likely to reduce the survey completion time by at least 30 – 40%.
    • For the first time, these surveys will be conducted in major regional languages.
    • These surveys will plug in the data gap on various aspects of labour and employment.
    • These surveys will aid evidence-based policy-making processes.

 

 

 

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