Indian Sex Ratio: The Indian Sex Ratio 2023 indicates the number of boys for every 100 girls in the country. Typically, there is a slight male birth advantage, but as people age, this discrepancy evens out due to variations in life expectancy. However, in certain regions, factors such as customs, culture, and economic conditions can contribute to an imbalance in the ratio between boys and girls. Monitoring these figures is crucial for comprehending shifts in the population and addressing gender-related issues.
What is the Indian Sex Ratio 2023?
- According to research and investigations, it has been established that in most countries, there is a higher number of males compared to females. Society necessitates and expects a proportional balance between the genders to fulfill their respective roles.
- The metric used to assess the gender composition in India is known as the Sex Ratio. The India Sex Ratio 2023 specifically refers to the ‘number of females per 1000 males in a given area at a specific point in time.
- This statistic serves as an indicator of the gender composition. Ratios exceeding 1000 signify an excess of females over males, while those below 1000 indicate a shortage of females. It is a measure that gauges the prevailing equilibrium between males and females.
- The India Sex Ratio 2023 acts as a gauge for the degree of equality between men and women at a particular moment in time.
- The data collected separately for males and females in the Indian Sex Ratio 2023 plays a crucial role in determining aspects such as fertility, mortality, marital status, employment characteristics, migration, and more. It is a significant demographic feature of the human population, shedding light on the socio-economic and cultural patterns of society.
Sex Ratio in India 2023
The 2023 Sex Ratio in India, demonstrating a pronounced preference for males, gives rise to various pressing issues. Gender inequality, a discernible inclination for male progeny, and concerning practices like female infanticide and feticide are becoming more troubling in India, particularly in rural regions where parents actively choose the gender of their offspring. The swift decline in sex ratios across India poses a significant threat to the female population. The prevailing bias towards male children has led to a noticeable imbalance in the sex ratio, indicative of a higher mortality rate among female fetuses
- Formula to calculate Sex Ratio in India 2023
India Sex Ratio = (Number of Females / Number of Males) x 1000
As per the stats in the 2011 Census among the total population of 1210.1 million, the male population – 623.7 and the female population – 586.4 million. Indian sex ratio stood at 943 (stating that for every 1000 males, there are 943 females).
Indian Sex Ratio 2023 Government Initiatives
In India, the authorities and legislators have implemented stringent laws, including the Pre-conception and Pre-natal Diagnostic Techniques Act, to address sex determination and pregnancy termination. Programs like the Sabla Scheme and the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme have been introduced to discourage gender-based discrimination and abortions, protect and empower girls, promote their education and nutrition, and improve their overall well-being and hygiene. These commendable and thoughtful measures aspire to bring about significant improvements in the overall growth of the sex ratio in India.
Indian Sex Ratio Causes
There are multiple factors because of which the Sex Ratio varies –
- Mortality rates and Life Expectancies i.e. ordinarily the women outlive men. According to studies, females are expected to live longer than men.
- In biased Male Births that there are more males are born than females births attributed to biological factors and the preference of having a boy rather than a girl.
- Female infanticide and the taboo of sex determination and termination of girl pregnancy have resulted in low and depleting sex ratios.
- Migration patterns and male-dominant labor is required.
- Families opting for nuclear trends with only One Child if the firstborn is a Male.
- People get tempted by the future Male Income and that the male would carry forward the lineage and help the parents in the old age. Whereas females are considered burdens economically because of their Dowries, they are taken as Liabilities. Hence the preference of males over females.
Indian Sex Ratio 2023
Indian Sex Ratio 2023: According to the National Family Health Survey, 2020-21 (NFHS-5) by the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare Government of India –
|Indian Sex Ratio 2023 (NFHS-5 Survey)|
|Total Overall||1020 females as per 1000 males|
|Rural Areas||1037 females as per 1000 males|
|Urban Areas||985 females as per 1000 males|
Indian Sex Ratio 2023 State-wise
- States with the Highest Sex Ratio in India 2023 are defined under the data available from 2001 to 2011 where the Indian Sex Ratio has been considered to be the highest sex ratio in the Indian states
|States with the Highest Sex Ratio in India||Sex Ratio|
- States with the Lowest Sex Ratio in India 2023: The data available is from 2001 to 2011 where the Indian Sex Ratio for lowest Set Ratio in the states.
|States with the Lowest Sex Ratio in India||Sex Ratio|
|Jammu and Kashmir||883|
- Union Territories with Highest Sex Ratio in India 2023: The following data available is from 2001 to 2011 where the Indian Sex Ratio is seen for Union Territories of India with Highest Sex Ratio.
|Union Territories with Highest Sex Ratio in India||Sex Ratio|
|Andaman and Nicobar Islands||878|
- Union Territories with Lowest Sex Ratio in India 2023: from the Year 2001 to 2011 The Indian Sex Ratio for both sex males and females is seen as the lowest sex ratio in the union territories of India.
|Union Territories with Lowest Sex Ratio in India||Sex Ratio|
|Daman and Diu||618|
|Dadra and Nagar Haveli||775|
Highest Sex Ratio States in India
The highest Sex Ratio State in India is Kerala which has a sex ratio of 1058 females for every 1000 males. The primary reason is that Kerala is the most literate state in the country and there is no female foeticide, hence a balanced sex ratio.
|Total Population||2011 Census||2001 Census|
|3.34 million||3.18 million|
|% Total Population of India||2.76%||3.10%|
Lowest Sex Ratio States in India
According to the National Health Survey 2019-21, the following states in the country have the lowest sex ratio:
Tamil Nadu Sex Ratio 2023
The sex ratio in Tamil Nadu currently stands at 996, indicating that there are 996 females for every 1000 males. This figure is notably higher than the national average of 940, as reported in the most recent census. Comparatively, back in 2001, the sex ratio for females in Tamil Nadu was 987 for every 1000 males
Tamil Nadu Literacy Rate 2023
As of the 2023 population census, the literacy rate in Tamil Nadu has experienced a positive trajectory, reaching 80.09 percent. When broken down by gender, the male literacy rate is 86.77 percent, whereas the female literacy rate stands at 73.44 percent
|Last 4 years Sex ratio in Tamil Nadu
|Year||In Crores||In Numbers|
Indian Sex Ratio Facts and Stats
- The sex ratio in India has shown a depletion since 1951 in the Census data with the overall sex ratio falling from 972 in 1951 to 943 in 2011.
- The rural population of India depleted from 965 to 946 and the urban population increased from 860 to 929 in 2011.
- Sex Ratio at Birth (SRB) is used to measure globally i.e. the number of boys born per 100 girls whereas India uses a different method by recording female births per 1,000 male births irrespective of specifying age groups.
- Within the States, Kerala has the highest sex ratio i.e. 1084 while Haryana has the lowest i.e. 879.
- Within Union Territories, Puducherry has the highest i.e. 1037, and Daman and Diu mark the lowest at 618.
- States that have seen an increase in Sex Ratio are Andaman and Nicobar Islands (40.16 %), Delhi (13.02 %), Assam (10.34%), and West Bengal (9.82%).
- States that have seen declining Sex Ratio are Daman & Diu (45.03%), Dadra & Nagar Haveli (18.19%), Goa (13.71%), Lakshadweep (9.25 %), and Bihar (8.21%).
- The only two UTs with a Sex Ratio of more than 900 females per 1000 males are Puducherry and Lakshadweep.
- There were 108.18 males for every 100 in the total population of Indian women by the year 2020.
- Union Territories – the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Delhi, Chandigarh, Dadra, Nagar Haveli, and Daman and Diu have been ranked in the bottom five.
- In India, there are 662,903,415 or 662.90 million females and 717,100,970 or 717.10 million males.
- According to the Report of the United Nations (World Population Prospects 2019), India’s total population comprises a sex ratio of 108.18 males per 100 females in 2020 having the highest male population with 54.20 million.
- Sex ratios in various age groups in 2011 were 918 for 0-6 years, 908 for 0-19 years, 944 for 15-45 years, and 1033 for 60+ years.
Indian Women Sex Ratio 2023
- The latest National Family Health Survey (NFHS-5) for 2020-21 reveals India’s sex ratio in 2023 as 1020 females for every 1000 males.
- In rural areas, this ratio is 985 females per 1000 males, which marks an improvement from the 2011 census.
- The 2011 census reported a national sex ratio of 943 females per 1000 males.
- Government initiatives aimed at combating gender-based sex selection and banning gender-specific sex tests have contributed to this positive change over the past decade.
- The sex ratio at birth in India for the last five years is 929 females for every 1000 males, indicating a shift in societal attitudes and behaviors toward achieving a more balanced gender ratio.
|Location||2011 Census||2023 (NFHS-5 Survey)|
Infant Ratio in India or Child Ratio in India
The natural “sex ratio at birth” typically hovers around 105, meaning that, on average, there are 105 male infants for every 100 female infants. A significant departure from this ratio of 1.05 boys for every girl at birth indicates an uneven child-sex ratio. In India’s case, up until 1981, there existed a balanced child-sex ratio. However, according to the 2011 census, a major Indian city, Jhajjar, displayed an anomaly with almost 15,000 more male newborns than female newborns, resulting in a ratio of 128 boys for every 100 girls.
The high-density Child Sex Ratio in India under the 0 to 6 years age group is described in the table mentioned below.
|Child Sex Ratio in India (0-6 years)||High Density|
The Lowest density Child Sex Ratio in India under the 0 to 6 years age group is described in the table mentioned below.
|Child Sex Ratio (0-6 years)||Lowest Desnity|
Child Sex Ratio Acc to Census 2011 (0-6 Year)
Description of top 8 states with high to low points of Child Sex ratio according to the census 2011 for the age group of 0-6 years.
|Child Sex Ratio Census 2011 ( 0-6 years)|
|Punjab||798 to 846, +57 points|
|Haryana||819 to 830, +11 points|
|Himachal Pradesh||896 to 906, +10 points|
|Chandigarh||845 to 867, +22 points|
|Gujarat||883 to 886, +3 points|
|Tamil Nadu||942 to 946, +4 points|
|Mizoram||964 to 971, +7 points|
|Andaman & Nicobar Islands||957 to 966, +9 points|
Sex Ratio in India 2023 State Wise
The table below provides a comprehensive overview of the sex ratios and changes in sex ratios in various states and union territories of India. It encompasses data from the NHFS-5 survey, the 2011 Census, and the 2001 Census, along with information on sex ratios at birth and child sex ratios.
|No.||State/Union Territory||NHFS-5||2011 Census||2001 Census||Change (2001 to 2011)||Rank (Sex ratio at birth)|
|5||Arunachal Pradesh (S)||979||938||972||893||964|
|7||Jammu and Kashmir (UT)||976||889||862||892||941|
|8||West Bengal (S)||973||950||956||934||960|
|15||Madhya Pradesh (S)||956||931||918||919||932|
|19||Uttar Pradesh (S)||941||912||902||898||916|
|20||Andhra Pradesh (S)||934||993||939||978||961|
|22||Andaman and Nicobar Islands (UT)||914||876||968||846||957|
|31||Tamil Nadu (S)||878||996||943||987||942|
|32||Himachal Pradesh (S)||875||972||909||968||896|
|35||Dadra and Nagar Haveli (UT)||817||774||926||812||979|
|36||Daman and Diu (UT)||817||618||904||710||926|
Indian Population Growth Ratio Per Year
India’s population has been consistently expanding, and as of 2023, it has reached 1,428,627,663 individuals. This indicates a 0.81% growth compared to the preceding year, 2022 when the population was 1,417,173,173. This pattern of population growth has been ongoing, with a 0.68% increase observed in 2022 in comparison to 2021, when the population stood at 1,407,563,842. In 2020, India’s population amounted to 1,396,387,127, denoting a 0.96% rise from the population in 2019.
|Year||Population||Annual Growth Rate|
|2023||1,428,627,663 (est.)||0.81% (est.)|
Indian Sex Ratio 2022
Indian Sex Ratio 2022: The Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation in the Women and Men in India 2022 report stated under Indian Sex Ratio 2023.
- The expected Indian Sex Ratio 2023 is projected to improve from 943 in 2011 to 952 by 2036.
- Furthermore, the report suggests that India’s population growth is projected to fall to 0.58% by 2036 from 1.1% in 2021.
- However, the female population is projected to marginally improve from 48.5% in Census 2011 to 48.8% in 2036.
Transgender Ratio in India 2023
According to Census 2011, it was found that the overall population of transgender is 4,87,803, and the state-wise distribution of transgender in India. In the Indian Transgender ratio, UP having most of the transgender population 1,37,465 and Lakshadweep having only 2 transgender
Additionally, the prevalence of transgender persons among the 100,000 general population has been calculated. A list of the top 5 highest populated states of Transgender is mentioned below.
|Top 5 Transgender Populated States in India|
Gender Ratio in India 2023
There are 717,100,970 or 717.10 million males and 662,903,415 or 662.90 million females in India. The percentage of the female population is 48.04 percent compared to 51.96 percent male population. India has the highest numbers of exceed males population of 54.20 million
Male and Female Ratio in India 2023
As of January 2023, India had a massive population of 1.42 billion people, making it the world’s second most populous country. In the year from 2022 to 2023, India’s population grew by 9.7 million, which is a 0.7 percent increase. There’s almost an equal number of males and females, with 51.6 percent being male and 48.4 percent female. When it comes to where people live, 36.1 percent call cities their home, while the majority, 63.9 percent, live in rural areas, highlighting a significant difference between rural and urban populations.
|Muslim Population in India 2023||India Population 2023|