Agricultural Revolutions in India
The importance of the agriculture sector in India can be gauged from the fact that around 60% of the Indian population is still dependent on this sector (Economic Survey 2021). There have been many agricultural revolutions in India to focus on certain specific agricultural produce. In this article, we will provide you with a table that will list all the important agricultural revolutions in India.
List of agricultural revolutions in India
|Revolutions||Products||Period||Father of revolution|
|Green revolution||Food grains (rice and wheat)||1966-1967||Norman Borlaug, M.S.Swaminathan|
|Grey revolution||Fertilizers/wool production||1960s-1970s||—|
|Pink revolution||Prawn or onion production||1970s||Durgesh Patel|
|White Revolution (also called Operation Flood)||Milk production||1970-1996||Verghese Kurien|
|Blue revolution||Fish production||1973-2002||Dr. Arun Krishnan|
|Red revolution||Meat or tomato production||1980s||Vishal Tiwari|
|Yellow revolution||Oilseed production||1986-1990||Sam Pitroda|
|Brown revolution||Leather/cocoa production||—||Hiralal Chaudhari|
|Golden fiber revolution||Jute production||1990s||—|
|Golden revolution||Fruits/Honey/Horticulture production||1991-2003||Nirpakh Tutaj|
|Silver revolution||Egg/Poultry production||2000s||Indira Gandhi|
|Silver fiber revolution||Cotton||2000s||—|
|Protein revolution||Agriculture||2014-2020||Narendra Modi|
|Evergreen revolution||Overall development of agriculture||2017-2022||M.S.Swaminathan|
|Black revolution||Petroleum production||—||—|
Agriculture revolution in India: Important pointers
- The main aim of the green revolution was to increase agricultural productivity in the developing world with the use of technology and agricultural research.
- The main focus was on transforming India into a modern industrial system through the adoption of technology, such as the use of high-yielding variety (HYV) seeds, mechanized farm tools, irrigation facilities, pesticides, and fertilizers.
- The potato revolution aimed to make the production of potatoes double or tripled instead of a single annual increase.
- This revolution was started in succession to the green revolution.
- It was started to correct the wrongs done in a green revolution.
- The pink revolution denotes the technological revolution in the poultry and meat processing sector.
- The revolution includes the creation of meat testing facilities, cold storage for growth, and other infrastructure facilities.
- The revolution was associated with a sharp increase in milk production in the country.
- The white revolution period aimed to make India a self-dependent nation in milk production.
- Blue Revolution aims to create an enabling environment for the integrated development of the full potential of fisheries in the country.
- Blue Revolution also aims to substantially improve the income status of fishers and fish farmers keeping in view the sustainability, bio-security, and environmental concerns.
- Due to the yellow revolution, India became a net exporter of oilseeds from being a net importer.
- During the early 1990s, an all-time high of 25 million tonnes of oilseeds was produced from yearly oilseed harvests.
- The protein revolution is a technology-driven 2nd Green revolution.
- set up a Price Stabilization Fund with a corpus of Rs.500 crore to help farmers deal with volatility.
- A Kisan TV was started to provide real-time information on new techniques, water conservation, and organic farming.
- The Government of India planned to accelerate the production of ethanol and mix it up with petrol to produce biodiesel.
- The blending of ethanol with transport fuels can provide better returns to farmers, and supplement scarce and environment-friendly hydrocarbon resources.
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