Agricultural Revolutions in India
The importance of agriculture sector in India can be gauged form the fact that around 60% of the Indian population is still dependent in this sector (Economic Survey 2021). There have been many agricultural revolutions in India to focus on certain specific agricultural produce. In this article, we will provide you with the table that will list all the important agricultural revolution in India.
List of agricultural revolution in India
|Revolutions||Products||Period||Father of revolution|
|Green revolution||Food grains (rice and wheat)||1966-1967||Norman Borlaug, M.S.Swaminathan|
|Grey revolution||Fertilisers/wool production||1960s-1970s||—|
|Pink revolution||Prawn or onion production||1970s||Durgesh Patel|
|White revolution (also called Operation flood)||Milk production||1970-1996||Verghese Kurien|
|Blue revolution||Fish production||1973-2002||Dr. Arun Krishnan|
|Red revolution||Meat or tomato production||1980s||Vishal Tiwari|
|Yellow revolution||Oilseed production||1986-1990||Sam Pitroda|
|Brown revolution||Leather/cocoa production||—||Hiralal Chaudhari|
|Golden fibre revolution||Jute production||1990s||—|
|Golden revolution||Fruits/Honey/Horticulture production||1991-2003||Nirpakh Tutaj|
|Silver revolution||Egg/Poultry production||2000s||Indira Gandhi|
|Silver fibre revolution||Cotton||2000s||—|
|Protein revolution||Agriculture||2014-2020||Narendra Modi|
|Evergreen revolution||Overall development of agriculture||2017-2022||M.S.Swaminathan|
|Black revolution||Petroleum production||—||—|
Agriculture revolution in India: Important pointers
- The main aim of green revolution was to increase agricultural productivity in the developing world with use of technology and agricultural research.
- The main focus was on transforming India into a modern industrial system by the adoption of technology, such as the use of high yielding variety (HYV) seeds, mechanised farm tools, irrigation facilities, pesticides and fertilizers.
- Potato revolution aimed to make the production of potatoes doubled or tripled instead of single annual increase.
- This revolution was initiated in succession to the green revolution.
- It was started to correct the wrongs done in green revolution.
- Pink revolution denotes the technological revolution in the poultry and meat processing sector.
- The revolution includes the creation of meat testing facilities, cold storage for growth, and other infrastructure facilities.
- The revolution associated with a sharp increase in milk production in the country.
- White revolution period intended to make India a self-dependent nation in milk production.
- Blue revolution aims to create an enabling environment for integrated development of the full potential of fisheries of the country.
- Blue revolution also aims to substantially improve the income status of fishers and fish farmers keeping in view the sustainability, bio-security and environmental concerns.
- Due to yellow revolution, India became a net exporter of oilseeds from being a net importer.
- During the early 1990s, an all-time high of 25 million tonnes of oilseeds was produced from yearly oilseed harvests.
- Protein revolution is a technology driven 2nd Green revolution.
- set up of a Price Stabilisation Fund with a corpus of Rs.500 crore to help farmers to deal with volatility.
- A Kisan TV was also launched to provide real-time information on new techniques, water conservation and organic farming.
- The Government of India planned to accelerate the production of ethanol and to mix it up with petrol to produce biodiesel.
- The blending of ethanol with transport fuels is expected to provide better returns to farmers, supplement scarce and environment -friendly hydrocarbon resources.
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