Taliban Takes control of Afghanistan_00.1
UPSC Exam   »   How to Prepare for UPSC CSE Mains Examination: Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners   »   Taliban Takes control of Afghanistan

Taliban Takes control of Afghanistan

Context

  • Recently, the Taliban seized nearly all of Afghanistan in just over a week, despite the billions of dollars spent by the U.S. and NATO over nearly two decades to build up Afghan security forces.
  • The Taliban militants entered Kabul on August 15 and sought the unconditional surrender of the central government. The Afghan president has already left the country.
  • A Taliban official said that over 90% Of Afghan State buildings including the presidential palace are under Taliban control.

Taliban Takes control of Afghanistan_50.1

free video for UPSC CSE preparation and make your dream of becoming an IAS/IPS/IRS a reality

 

About Taliban

  • It refers to itself as the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan. It is a Deobandi Islamist movement and military organization in Afghanistan, currently waging war within the country.
    • Since 2016, the Taliban’s leader has been Mawlawi Hibatullah Akhundzada.
  • The Taliban (“students” in the Pashto language) emerged in the early 1990s in northern Pakistan following the withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan.
  • They started capturing Afghan territories in 1995 and by 1998, they had occupied around 90% of Afghanistan.
  • Belief: belief in the strict interpretation of Sharia law – such as public executions of convicted murderers and adulterers, and amputations for those found guilty of theft.
  • Extremely Conservative and Patriarchal:
    • Men were required to grow beards and women had to wear the all-covering burka.
    • They banned television, music, and cinema, and disapproved of girls aged 10 and over going to school.
    • Accused of human rights violation and cultural abuses: for example, destruction of the famous Bamiyan Buddha statues in central Afghanistan in 2001, despite international outrage.

Plastic Waste Management Amendment Rules, 2021

 

Key points about recent developments

  • Background: It was America’s longest war which began after September 11, 2001, terror attacks masterminded by al-Qaeda’s Osama bin Laden, then harbored by the Taliban government.
  • The USA and its NATO allies waged a war against militant Taliban for over 20 years and tried to establish an elected government based on the principle of democracy.
  • Doha peace deal 2020 between USA and Taliban: resulted in the withdrawal of American and allied forces from Afghanistan which left the present Afghanistan government weak and unprotected.
  • This is the reason for the rapid advancement of the Taliban forces and capturing of Kabul- the capital city of Afghanistan within a week’s time.
  • Steps taken by Countries: lightening the advancement of Taliban forces and imminent capture of power in Afghanistan led to fear of persecution of people of various democratic countries living in Afghanistan. This has led to the evacuation of their citizens by many countries including the USA and India.
    • Efforts by the USA: ordered the deployment of an additional 1,000 US troops to help secure the evacuation of embassy employees and thousands of Afghans who worked for American forces.
    • India: India evacuated 129 passengers from Kabul through an Air India Flight. Other fights are also scheduled to bring others back to India.
    • Other nations are also closing their embassies and prioritizing the evacuation of their nationals.

 

Geriatric Care in India

Sharing is caring!

×

Download success!

Thanks for downloading the guide. For similar guides, free study material, quizzes, videos and job alerts you can download the Adda247 app from play store.

Thank You, Your details have been submitted we will get back to you.

Was this page helpful?

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Login

OR

Forgot Password?

Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Sign Up

OR
Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Forgot Password

Enter the email address associated with your account, and we'll email you an OTP to verify it's you.


Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Enter OTP

Please enter the OTP sent to
/6


Did not recive OTP?

Resend in 60s

Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Change Password



Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Almost there

Please enter your phone no. to proceed
+91

Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Enter OTP

Please enter the OTP sent to Edit Number


Did not recive OTP?

Resend 60

By skipping this step you will not recieve any free content avalaible on adda247, also you will miss onto notification and job alerts

Are you sure you want to skip this step?

By skipping this step you will not recieve any free content avalaible on adda247, also you will miss onto notification and job alerts

Are you sure you want to skip this step?