Kaziranga National Park_00.1
UPSC Exam   »   How to Prepare for UPSC Prelims: Step by Step Guide for Beginners   »   Kaziranga National Park

Kaziranga National Park

Context

  • Recently, the Kaziranga National Park has become the first National Park in India to have been equipped with satellite phones.
    • It will help in boosting anti-poaching measures taken by the national park personnel.
    • Satellite phones will give an edge to the forest personnel over the poachers and also during emergencies like floods.

Kaziranga National Park_50.1

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Key points about Kaziranga National Park

  • Geographical Location: located in Golaghat and Nagaon, in the Karbi Anglong district of Assam state, and has spread over an area of around 42,996 Hectare.
    • Diphlu River runs through the park.
    • National Highway-37 (NH 37) passes through the park.
  • Protection measures: It is one of India’s oldest reserve areas. it was recognized as a forest reserve as early as 1905.
    • It was given the tag of National Park in 1974 and declared a tiger reserve in 2007.
    • It was also included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985 as a natural heritage site.
    • Recognized as an Important Bird Area by the BirdLife International.
    • Special Rhino Protection Force (SRPF): was set up by the Assam government to protect One-horned Rhinos in the state. Kaziranga NP has the distinction of having the largest number of One-Horned Rhinos in the world.
  • Fauna diversity:
    • Though Pobitora WLS has the highest density of one-horned rhinos in the world, Kaziranga NP is home to the largest number of one-horned rhinos in the world.
    • It hosts two-thirds of the world’s great one-horned rhinoceroses.
    • It is home to the ‘Big Four’ species: One-horned Rhino, Elephant, Royal Bengal tiger, and Asiatic water buffalo.
    • High species diversity and visibility: as it is located on the edge of the Eastern Himalaya biodiversity hotspot.
  • Floral diversity:
    • It is a vast expanse of tall elephant grass, marshland, and dense tropical moist broadleaf forests.
    • Park also includes numerous small bodies of water resulting in a flourishing riverine ecosystem.
    • Recurring floods in the park acts as a regenerative force and results in a mix of wetlands, grasslands, and semi-evergreen deciduous forests.

 

Also read: List of Ramsar Wetland Sites in India

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