Geriatric Care in India_00.1
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Geriatric Care in India

Context

  • Recently, Assam government has decided to grant an extra week’s leave to its employees every year to spend time with their elderly parents.
  • The special leave will come with a condition – the employees cannot use it for any other purpose.
  • Geriatric Care: Geriatrics is a branch of medicine that deals with the problems and diseases of old age and aging people. Geriatric care covers all aspects of elderly care.

 

Geriatric Care in India_50.1

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Statistics about senior citizens in India

  • Population Census 2011: there are nearly 104 million (8.6% of the total population) elderly persons in India.
    • 71% (around 73 million) of the elderly population resides in rural areas.
  • Projection: A UN Population Fund report suggests that India’s elderly population is expected to increase to 19.4% by 2050.
    • Feminization of ageing in India: The report noted that between 2000 and 2050, the population of 80-plus people would have grown 700% “with a predominance of widowed and highly dependent very old women”.

 

Plastic Waste Management Amendment Rules, 2021

 

Provisions for Geriatric care in India

  • Constitutional provisions: Article 41 and Article 46 talk about elderly care in India. Though they are not enforceable in the court of law but create a positive and moral obligation on the state while enacting any law.
  • Legal provisions:
    • Hindu marriage and adoption act, 1956: makes it mandatory for children to ensure maintains of their parents.
    • Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act, 2007: provides for a legal route to elderly who can seek maintenance legally from their children or heirs in case they refuse to take care.
  • Key Governments schemes:
    • Integrated Program for Older Persons (IPOP): it is a central sector scheme implemented by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment (MoSJ&E).
      • Aim: to improve the quality of life of older persons by providing basic amenities like shelter, food, medical care, and entertainment opportunities, etc.
    • Rashtriya Vayoshri Yojana (RVY): a central sector scheme of MoSJ&E, funded from the Senior Citizens’ Welfare Fund.
      • Under this, aids and assistive living devices are provided to senior citizens belonging to the BPL category who suffer from age-related disabilities such as low vision, hearing impairment, loss of teeth, and locomotor disabilities.
    • Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme (IGNOAPS): Rs 200 per month is provided to people in the age group of 60-79 years and Rs 500 per month to persons of 80 years and above.

 

 Also read –Global Youth Development Index 2020

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