- Articles 36-51 under Part-IV of the Indian Constitution deal with Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP).
Features of DPSPs
- Borrowed from the Constitution of Ireland, which had copied it from the Spanish Constitution.
- Acts as a guiding principle for the state in formulating various policies and enacting legislation.
- They are similar to the ‘instrument of instructions’ that were enumerated in the Government of India Act, 1935.
- Aims to establish economic and social democracy in the country.
- Legally not enforceable in the court of law.
Classification of DPSPs: Gandhian, Socialistic and Liberal-Intellectual Principles
- Though the Indian Constitution has not originally classified DPSPs, but on the basis of their content and direction, they are usually classified into three types- Gandhian, Socialistic, and Liberal-Intellectual Principles.
|Article 38||To Promote the welfare of the people by securing a social order through justice—social, economic and political—and to minimize inequalities in income, status, facilities and opportunities|
|Article 39||To Secure its citizens:
|Article 39A||To Promote equal justice and free legal aid to the poor|
|Article 41||To secure the right to work, right to education and right to public assistance in cases of unemployment, old age, sickness and disablement.|
|Article 42||To make provision for just and humane conditions of work and maternity relief|
|Article 43||To secure a living wage, a decent standard of living and social and cultural opportunities for all workers|
|Article 43A||To take steps to secure the participation of workers in the management of industries|
|Article 47||To raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living of people and to improve public health|
|Article 44||To secure for all citizens Uniform Civil Code throughout the country|
|Article 45||To provide early childhood care and education for all children until they complete the age of six years|
|Article 48||To organize agriculture and animal husbandry on modern and scientific lines|
|Article 49||To protect monuments, places and objects of artistic or historic interest which are declared to be of national importance
|Article 50||To separate the judiciary from the executive in the public services of the State|
|Article 40||Organize village panchayats and endow them with necessary powers and authority to enable them to function as units of self-government|
|Article 43||Promote cottage industries on an individual or co-operation basis in rural areas|
|Article 43B||Promote voluntary formation, autonomous functioning, democratic control and professional management of cooperative societies|
|Article 46||Promote the educational and economic interests of SCs, STs, and other weaker sections of the society and to protect them from social injustice and exploitation
|Article 47||Prohibit the consumption of intoxicating drinks and drugs which are injurious to health|
|Article 48||Prohibit the slaughter of cows, calves and other milch and draught cattle and to improve their breeds|