Classification of Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSPs)_00.1
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Classification of Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSPs)

About DPSPs:

  • Articles 36-51 under Part-IV of the Indian Constitution deal with Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP).

Classification of Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSPs)_50.1

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Features of DPSPs

  • Borrowed from the Constitution of Ireland, which had copied it from the Spanish Constitution.
  • Acts as a guiding principle for the state in formulating various policies and enacting legislation.
  • They are similar to the ‘instrument of instructions’ that were enumerated in the Government of India Act, 1935.
  • Aims to establish economic and social democracy in the country.
  • Legally not enforceable in the court of law.

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Classification of DPSPs: Gandhian, Socialistic and Liberal-Intellectual Principles

  • Though the Indian Constitution has not originally classified DPSPs, but on the basis of their content and direction, they are usually classified into three types- Gandhian, Socialistic, and Liberal-Intellectual Principles.

 

 

                Socialistic Principles

 

Article 38 To Promote the welfare of the people by securing a social order through justice—social, economic and political—and to minimize inequalities in income, status, facilities and opportunities
Article 39 To Secure its citizens:

  • Right to adequate means of livelihood for all citizens
  • Equitable distribution of material resources of the community for the common good
  • Prevention of concentration of wealth and means of production
  • Equal pay for equal work for men and women
  • Preservation of the health and strength of workers and children against forcible abuse
  • Opportunities for the healthy development of children
Article 39A To Promote equal justice and free legal aid to the poor
Article 41  To secure the right to work, right to education and right to public assistance in cases of unemployment, old age, sickness and disablement.
Article 42 To make provision for just and humane conditions of work and maternity relief
Article 43 To secure a living wage, a decent standard of living and social and cultural opportunities for all workers
Article 43A To take steps to secure the participation of workers in the management of industries
Article 47 To raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living of people and to improve public health

 

 

        Liberal-Intellectual Principles

 

Article 44 To secure for all citizens Uniform Civil Code throughout the country
Article 45 To provide early childhood care and education for all children until they complete the age of six years
Article 48 To organize agriculture and animal husbandry on modern and scientific lines
Article 49 To protect monuments, places and objects of artistic or historic interest which are declared to be of national importance

 

Article 50 To separate the judiciary from the executive in the public services of the State
Article 51
  • Promote international peace and security and maintain just and honourable relations between nations
  • Foster respect for international law and treaty obligations
  • Encourage settlement of international disputes by arbitration

 

 

                                                                     Gandhian Principles

Article 40 Organize village panchayats and endow them with necessary powers and authority to enable them to function as units of self-government
Article 43 Promote cottage industries on an individual or co-operation basis in rural areas
Article 43B Promote voluntary formation, autonomous functioning, democratic control and professional management of cooperative societies
Article 46 Promote the educational and economic interests of SCs, STs, and other weaker sections of the society and to protect them from social injustice and exploitation

 

Article 47 Prohibit the consumption of intoxicating drinks and drugs which are injurious to health
Article 48 Prohibit the slaughter of cows, calves and other milch and draught cattle and to improve their breeds

 

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