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The Editorial Analysis- Deepening Strategic Commitment

QUAD 2022 Summit- Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 2: International Relations- Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

The Editorial Analysis- Deepening Strategic Commitment_40.1

 

QUAD 2022 Summit in news?

  • Recently, the Quad (the U.S., India, Japan and Australia) held its second in-person leaders’ summit in Tokyo, Japan.
    • This is the second interaction of the Quad leaders held after Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.
  • QUAD has emerged stronger and clearer in its strategy and goals for the security and prosperity of the Indo-Pacific.

The Editorial Analysis- Deepening Strategic Commitment_50.1

 

Associated Concerns with QUAD

 

  • Russia-Ukraine War: With India abstaining from most anti-Russia voting in multilateral bodies, experts in India worried about the impact of Ukraine on the Indo-Pacific region, particularly U.S.-India ties.
    • However, it seems that India and the U.S. agreed to disagree on Ukraine.
  • Failure to Meet Commitments: The promise of making available at least one billion COVID-19 vaccine doses to Indo-Pacific countries has fallen short.
    • Excluding what the Quad countries contributed to COVAX, just 25% have been delivered to the region so far.

QUAD Summit amid Russia-Ukraine War

संपादकीय विश्लेषण- गहन रणनीतिक प्रतिबद्धता

QUAD Summit 2022

  • QUAD Cooperation: The Quad agenda now covers nine sectors-
    • Vaccine partnership and health security,
    • Climate action,
    • Critical and emerging technologies,
    • Cooperation on infrastructure,
    • Cyber security,
    • Space cooperation,
    • Education and people-to-people ties,
    • Maritime domain awareness, and
    • Humanitarian assistance and disaster relief.
  • Investment in Infrastructure: a new commitment was made at Tokyo for the Quad to extend over $50 billion in investment and assistance to the Indo-Pacific countries over the next five years.
    • While the focus is on the ASEAN countries and the Pacific Island States, a part of this funding should perhaps reach the Indian Ocean region too, with its touch points in Africa.
  • Cooperation on Semiconductors: The Common Statement of Principles on Critical Technology Supply Chains is significant, as it concerns cooperation on semiconductors.
  • Indo-Pacific Economic Framework for Prosperity (IPEF): Joint announcement to establish IPEF was made by the Quad, seven ASEAN member-states (excluding Myanmar, Cambodia and Laos), South Korea and New Zealand.
    • The plan is to prepare their economies for the future by conducting negotiations on the pillars of trade; supply chains; tax and anti-corruption and clean energy; decarbonisation and infrastructure.
  • India at QUAD Leader’s Summit 2022:
    • India’s constructive participation in the Tokyo summit and agreement to join IPEF demonstrated commitment to strengthening its strategic partnerships in order to push back China’s dominance.
    • India has also agreed to the expansion of BRICS membership. This simultaneous engagement with the Quad and BRICS is New Delhi’s strategic autonomy in full play.

New Quadrilateral Economic Forum- The Other Quad

 

QUAD 2022 Summit- Conclusion

  • The efforts by the Quad countries should be viewed not only from the prism of the summits, but also from the wider context of international developments and the continuing process of consolidation of the bilateral relations within, especially U.S.-India ties.
  • India’s presidency of the G20 in 2023 and the likelihood of India hosting the Quad summit in 2024 will ensure that it follows a calibrated policy and stays on track, as every major step will attract international attention.

 

Indo Pacific Economic Framework

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