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Roadmap to Promote IPR in Telecom Sector

 

IPR in Telecom Sector: Relevance

  • GS 3: Issues relating to intellectual property rights.

 

IPR in Telecom Sector: Context

  • Recently, the Department of Telecommunications has been discussing a strategy road map to promote intellectual property rights in the telecom sector.

दूरसंचार क्षेत्र में आईपीआर को प्रोत्साहित करने हेतु रोडमैप

IPR in Telecom Sector: Key points

  • The roadmap could include the setting up of a Sovereign Patent Fund and a Bharat Technology Bank.
  • The roadmap would also include taking measures to reduce the long delays in obtaining a patent.
  • The department has also been discussing a proposal to set up a Digicom Intellectual Property Management Board.
    • Digicom Intellectual Property Management Board would facilitate IPR licensing and IP management in the telecom sector.

 

IPR in Telecom Sector: Importance of the roadmap

  • A roadmap for IPR promotion in telecom sector is long overdue as India takes 5-8 years for giving telecom patents compared with 1-2 years in the US and 3 years in China.
  • It could increase India’s share in global supply chain for telecom equipment, which is currently less than 1 percent.

 

Roadmap to Promote IPR in Telecom Sector_40.1

 

Intellectual property rights meaning

  • Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) are legal rights that protect creations and/or inventions resulting from intellectual activity in the industrial, scientific, literary or artistic fields.
  • Intellectual property rights protect the use of information and ideas that hold importance for the creators.
  • The term Intellectual property rights covers the rights given to persons over the creations of their minds. They usually give the creator an exclusive right over the use of his/her creation for a certain period of time.
  • The most common IPRs include patents, copyrights, marks and trade secrets.
  • Intellectual Property Rights examples: Any industrial or copyright works.

 

Intellectual Property Rights types

Copyright

  • Copyright is a legal term used to describe the rights that creators have over their literary and artistic works.
  • Copyright covers: books, music, paintings, sculpture and films, to computer programs, databases, advertisements, maps and technical drawings.

 

Patents

  • A patent is an exclusive right granted for an invention.
  • A patent provides the patent owner with the right to decide how the invention can be used by others.
  • In exchange for this right, the patent owner makes technical information about the invention publicly available in the published patent document.

 

Roadmap to Promote IPR in Telecom Sector_50.1

 

Trademarks

  • A trademark is a sign capable of distinguishing the goods or services of one enterprise from those of other enterprises.
  • Trademarks date back to ancient times when artisans used to put their signature or “mark” on their products.

 

Geographical indicators

  • Geographical indications and appellations of origin are signs used on goods that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities, a reputation or characteristics that are essentially attributable to that place of origin.
  • Most commonly, a geographical indication includes the name of the place of origin of the goods. For example: Darjeeling tea, Tezpur litchi, Kashmir saffron etc.

 

Trade secrets

  • Trade secrets are IP rights on confidential information which may be sold or licensed.
  • The unauthorized acquisition, use or disclosure of such secret information in a manner contrary to honest commercial practices by others is regarded as an unfair practice and a violation of the trade secret protection.

 

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