UPSC Exam   »   COVID19 Pandemic: Omicron variant EXPLAINED   »   How Dangerous is COVID XE Variant?

How Dangerous is COVID XE Variant?

 

XE Variant COVID UPSC: Relevance

  • GS 2: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

 

COVID XE Variant: Context

  • Recently, a new variant of coronavirus named XE variant was discovered in Mumbai and Gujarat where persons were found infected with the newly discovered ‘XE’ variant.

 

What is XE variant of COVID?

  • XE is a sub-variant of omicron variant of COVID 19.
  • COVID XE variant is called a ‘recombinant’. This means it contains the mutations found in 1 as well as BA.2 varieties of Omicron.
    • 1 and BA.2 are the two prominent sub-variants of COVID.
    • During the initial phase, the BA.1 sub-variant was the most widespread. In India, however, it was the BA.2 that was the most dominant during the third wave.
    • Recombination is common among coronaviruses and is regarded as an expected mutational event.

 

How Dangerous is COVID XE Variant?_40.1

 

Is XE variant dangerous than Omicron?

  • As of now, we don’t have enough evidence to show that the XE variant is significantly different from the other varieties of Omicron.
  • It has been noticed that XE variant could be about 10 per cent more transmissible than the dominant BA.2 variant.
  • Importantly, XE variant was first detected three months ago and till now no significant increase in the incidence of the XE variant has been witnessed. Hence, it might be concluded that XE variant is not be a big worry at present.
  • XE variant have not been found to cause a more severe form of the disease compared to other Omicron varieties.

कोविड- एक्सई वेरिएंट कितना खतरनाक है?

XE variant India

  • The XE variant that was discovered in Mumbai was immediately overturned by the Union Health Ministry, which said that the variant is yet to be confirmed.
  • It, however, would not be surprising if the XE variant is indeed found in India since the travel restrictions have been mostly done away with.
  • Moreover, it is also possible that the XE variant is already circulating in the Indian population, but is yet to be detected.
  • As of now, it is not very different from the Omicron variant, and the threat from the XE variant to the Indian population is quite low right now.

 

How Dangerous is COVID XE Variant?_50.1

 

How will XE variant affect Indians

  • Since the virus has not been completely eliminated, the possibility of a fresh wave cannot be ruled out.
  • However, for a virus to cause a fresh wave, it has to either be much more transmissible, has special abilities to bypass the immunity gained by human beings from prior infection, or cause more severe disease, which seems unlikely in the near term.
  • A 50% of Indian population has been infected by the Omicron variant, and the immunity gained from that infection is likely to be still effective.

 

XE Variant: Conclusion

  • A fresh wave in the near future, if it comes, would most likely be caused by a new variant that is not very similar in characteristics to the Omicron variant.

 

Read current affairs for UPSC

Sakhi-One Stop Centres One Health Pilot Project Launched in Uttarakhand Clean Energy Ministerial (CEM) | India is hosting CEM Official Meeting Agriculture Export Touch a Historic High of USD 50 Billion
Welfare of Denotified Communities Mission Integrated Biorefineries Foreign Trade Policy Extended Rashtriya Gokul Mission | Gokul Grams
Bullet Trains: Does India Need Them? India-Turkmenistan Relations Digi Yatra Initiative | Facial Recognition System (FRS) to be implemented State of World Population 2022
WTO and India: India Invokes Peace Clause of WTO for Third Time International UDAN | International Air Connectivity Scheme (IACS) Familial Forestry | Land for Life Award of UNCCD IndAus ECTA: India Australia Economic Cooperation and Trade Agreement

Sharing is caring!

Thank You, Your details have been submitted we will get back to you.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published.