UPSC Exam   »   UN Report on Internal Migration   »   Migration in India 2020-21 Report

Migration in India 2020-21 Report

 

Migration in India UPSC: Relevance

  • GS 2: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

 

Migration in India: Context

  • According to a report named ‘Migration in India 2020-21 released by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI), 0.7 per cent of the total population was a ‘temporary visitor’ in households during July 2020-June 2021.

 

Migration in India 2021: Key points

  • The ‘Migration in India’ report is based on first-time collection of additional data during the annual round of Periodic Labour Force Survey for July 2020-June 2021.
  • The report separates the categories of ‘temporary visitors’ and ‘migrants’.

 

Difference between temporary visitors and migrants

  • Temporary visitors’: ones who arrived in households after March 2020 and stayed continuously for a period of 15 days or more but less than 6 months,
  • Migrants: One whose last usual place of residence, any time in the past, is different from the present place of enumeration.

 

Migration in India 2020-21 Report_40.1

 

Migration in India 2021: Key findings

  • Over 84 per cent of these ‘temporary visitors’ moved places for reasons linked to the pandemic.
  • The reasons ranged from meeting family/relatives/friends, loss of job/closure of unit/lack of employment opportunities, migration of earning member, closure of educational institutions and health related reasons.
  • Around half of the ‘temporary visitors’ moved to meet family/relatives/friends during July 2020-June 2021, while 15 per cent of such temporary visitors moved for health-related reasons and 12 per cent moved for loss of job/closure of unit/lack of employment opportunities.

 

Who are temporary visitors?

  • Temporary visitors are categorised as those who arrived after March 2020 and stayed in the household continuously for a period of 15 days or more but less than 6 months.

 

Migration in India 2020-21 Report_50.1

 

Migration in India

  • The all-India migration rate was around 30% in July-June 2020-21, with 26.5 per cent migration rate in rural areas and 34.9 per cent in urban areas.
  • Females recorded a higher share of migration rate of 48 per cent, with 48 per cent in rural areas and 47.8 per cent in urban areas.
  • The migration rate for males was seen at 10.7 per cent, with 5.9 per cent in rural areas and 22.5 per cent in urban areas.
  • Among women, the highest level of migration rate was seen at 8 per cent for marriage.
  • 50 per cent of the males migrated in search of employment.
  • During July-June 2020-21, 9.2 per cent persons migrated due to migration of parent/earning member of the family, with 17.5 per cent males and 7.3 per cent females migrating for this reason.

 

Read current affairs for UPSC

“CiSS Application” under the Baal Swaraj Portal Launched India-Vietnam Relations: India and Vietnam Sign Mutual Logistics Agreement India Ocean Mission in 2023 Green Open Access Rules 2022
Sustainable Development Report 2022 Biotech Start-up Expo 2022: BIRAC Rapid Increase in India’s Trade with Gulf Cooperation Council National Strategy for Sustainable Tourism, Responsible Traveller Campaign
Ex Khaan Quest 2022 National Tribal Research Institute (NTRI): To be Inaugurated as part of Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsava Growing Heavy Metal Pollution in Rivers India’s International Cooperation in disability sector- An Overview
Ethanol Blending in India: India Achieved 10% Target Ahead of Schedule Leaders in Climate Change Management Understanding Gun Control Legislation in Various Countries SHRESHTA Scheme Launched

Sharing is caring!

Thank You, Your details have been submitted we will get back to you.