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Migration in India 2020-21 Report


Migration in India UPSC: Relevance

  • GS 2: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.


Migration in India: Context

  • According to a report named ‘Migration in India 2020-21 released by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI), 0.7 per cent of the total population was a ‘temporary visitor’ in households during July 2020-June 2021.


Migration in India 2021: Key points

  • The ‘Migration in India’ report is based on first-time collection of additional data during the annual round of Periodic Labour Force Survey for July 2020-June 2021.
  • The report separates the categories of ‘temporary visitors’ and ‘migrants’.


Difference between temporary visitors and migrants

  • Temporary visitors’: ones who arrived in households after March 2020 and stayed continuously for a period of 15 days or more but less than 6 months,
  • Migrants: One whose last usual place of residence, any time in the past, is different from the present place of enumeration.


Migration in India 2020-21 Report_40.1


Migration in India 2021: Key findings

  • Over 84 per cent of these ‘temporary visitors’ moved places for reasons linked to the pandemic.
  • The reasons ranged from meeting family/relatives/friends, loss of job/closure of unit/lack of employment opportunities, migration of earning member, closure of educational institutions and health related reasons.
  • Around half of the ‘temporary visitors’ moved to meet family/relatives/friends during July 2020-June 2021, while 15 per cent of such temporary visitors moved for health-related reasons and 12 per cent moved for loss of job/closure of unit/lack of employment opportunities.


Who are temporary visitors?

  • Temporary visitors are categorised as those who arrived after March 2020 and stayed in the household continuously for a period of 15 days or more but less than 6 months.


Migration in India 2020-21 Report_50.1


Migration in India

  • The all-India migration rate was around 30% in July-June 2020-21, with 26.5 per cent migration rate in rural areas and 34.9 per cent in urban areas.
  • Females recorded a higher share of migration rate of 48 per cent, with 48 per cent in rural areas and 47.8 per cent in urban areas.
  • The migration rate for males was seen at 10.7 per cent, with 5.9 per cent in rural areas and 22.5 per cent in urban areas.
  • Among women, the highest level of migration rate was seen at 8 per cent for marriage.
  • 50 per cent of the males migrated in search of employment.
  • During July-June 2020-21, 9.2 per cent persons migrated due to migration of parent/earning member of the family, with 17.5 per cent males and 7.3 per cent females migrating for this reason.


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