UPSC Exam   »   Road Accidents in India 2020   »   e-DAR Portal

e-DAR Portal


eDAR portal UPSC: Relevance

  • GS 3: Mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.


eDAR portal: Context

  • Recently, Ministry of Roads, Transport and Highways (MoRTH) has developed a web portal named ‘e-DAR’ (e-Detailed Accident Report) to provide instant information on road accidents, and help accelerate accident compensation claims.


About eDAR portal

  • The web portal will help in bringing relief to victims’ families.
  • Digitalised Detailed Accident Reports (DAR) will be uploaded on the portal for easy access.
  • The web portal will be linked to the Integrated Road Accident Database (iRAD).
  • From iRAD, applications to more than 90% of the datasets would be pushed directly to the e-DAR.
  • e-DAR portal would conduct multiple checks against fake claims by conducting a sweeping search of vehicles involved in the accident, the date of accident, and the First Information Report number.
  • The portal would be linked to other government portals like Vaahan and would get access to information on driving licence details and registration of vehicles.
  • The portal would provide geo tagging of the exact accident spot along with the site map. This would notify the investigating officer on his distance from the spot of the incident in the event the portal is accessed from any other location.
  • Details like photos, video of the accident spot, damaged vehicles, injured victims, eye-witnesses, etc., would be uploaded immediately on the portal.


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Road accidents in India

  • As per the Road Accident Report for 2019, around 4.5 lakh accidents took place in the country in 2019 leading to more than 5 lakh deaths and more than 4.5 lakh injuries.
  • National Highways which comprise of 2.03 percent of total road network, continued to account for a disproportionate share of 7 per cent of deaths in 2019.
  • Road safety continues to be a leading cause of death and injury across the world, killing more than 1.35 million globally as reported in the Global Status report on Road Safety 2018 with 90% of these casualties taking place in the developing countries and 11% alone being accounted for by India.
  • Road Accidents in India – NCRB Report 2020


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 Steps by the government to reduce road accidents

  • Government has set the target of reducing road accident deaths by 50% by year 2024.
  • Motor Vehicle Amendment Act of 2019 was launched to deal with road safety comprehensively.
  • The Government has approved a National Road Safety Policy promote to awareness, establish road safety information data base, encourage safer road infrastructure, among others.
  • Steps are being taken to rectify the identified Black spots.
  • Road Safety Audits are being carried out at all stages of development of the highway.
  • Signed Brasilia Declaration and committed to promote road safety.
  • Recently, schemes are being launched to grant award to Good Samaritans.


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