National Road Safety Board_00.1
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National Road Safety Board

 

Relevance

  • GS 3: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

 

Context

  • Recently, Ministry of Road Transport & Highways has notified constitution of the National Road Safety Board that will function as the leading road safety council of India.

 

Key point

  • Its establishment was first provisioned in the Motor Vehicle Amendment Act of 2019.
  • It will have an advisory role and will recommend measures for road safety to the central government.

 

Head Office of the National Road Safety Board

  • The Head Office of the National Road Safety Board shall be in the National Capital Region and the Board may establish offices at other places in India.

 

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 National Road Safety Board Composition

  • It shall consist of the Chairman and not less than three, but not exceeding seven Members, to be appointed by the Central Government.

 

National Road Safety Board_50.1

 

 National Road Safety Board Objectives

  • The Board shall be responsible for promoting road safety, innovation and adoption of new technology and for regulating traffic and motor vehicles.
  • It is aimed at integrating efforts in collaboration with states to reduce road accidents and improve all aspects of safety.

 

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 National Road Safety Board Functions

  • Formulation of
    • specific standards for road safety, traffic management and road construction for hilly regions
    • guidelines for capacity building and development of skills for traffic police,
    • guidelines for establishing and operating trauma facilities and para-medical facilities.
  • Provide technical advice and assistance to the Central Government, State Governments and local authorities on road safety and traffic management;
  • Promote
    • Good Samaritans;
    • good practices in road safety and traffic management
    • new vehicle technology in the field of vehicular engineering;
    • co-ordination with international organizations; and
    • consistency between international technical standards and domestic technical standards.

 

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Why needed?

  • As per the Road Accident Report for 2019, around 4.5 lakh accidents took place in the country in 2019 leading to more than 5 lakh deaths and more than 4.5 lakh injuries.
  • National Highways which comprise of 2.03 percent of total road network, continued to account for a disproportionate share of 7 per cent of deaths in 2019.
  • Road safety continues to be a leading cause of death and injury across the world, killing more than 1.35 million globally as reported in the Global Status report on Road Safety 2018 with 90% of these casualties taking place in the developing countries and 11% alone being accounted for by India.
  • Road Accidents in India – NCRB Report 2020

 

 Steps by the government to reduce road accidents

  • Government has set the target of reducing road accident deaths by 50% by year 2024.
  • Motor Vehicle Amendment Act of 2019 was launched to deal with road safety comprehensively.
  • The Government has approved a National Road Safety Policy promote to awareness, establish road safety information data base, encourage safer road infrastructure, among others.
  • Steps are being taken to rectify the identified Black spots.
  • Road Safety Audits are being carried out at all stages of development of the highway.
  • Signed Brasilia Declaration and committed to promote road safety.
  • Recently, schemes are being launched to grant award to Good Samaritans.

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