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List of Prime Ministers of India From 1947 to 2023

List of Prime Ministers of India From 1947 to 2023: This article delivers a comprehensive overview of the List of Prime Ministers of India and their contributions throughout the country’s history. Lok Sabha elections are conducted every five years in India to elect the Prime Minister, who serves as the leader of the nation. Currently, the esteemed position is held by Narendra Modi, who is the 18th Prime Minister of India. However, the first Prime Minister of India was Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, who served from August 15, 1947, to May 27, 1964.

List of Prime Ministers of India From 1947 to 2023

In 72 years of independence, India has got its 19 Prime Ministers. The list of Prime Ministers of India along with the period they served in office, is given in the table below:

List of Prime Ministers of India From 1947 to 2023
S.No. Names Birth-Death Tenure Interesting Facts
1 Jawahar Lal Nehru (1889–1964) 15 August 1947-27 May 1964
16 years, 286 days.
Prime Minister of independent India for the first and longest period. First, the in-office death of a prime minister.
2 Gulzarilal Nanda (1898–1998) 27 May 1964 to 9 June 1964
13 days.
After Nehru’s untimely death, the nation’s first acting prime minister assumed control.
3 Lal Bahadur Shastri (1904–1966) 9 June 1964 to 11 January 1966
1 year, 216 days.
During the Indo-Pak war in 1965, he was the originator of the phrase “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan.”
4 Gulzarilal Nanda (1898-1998) 11 January 1966, 24 January 1966
13 days.
The only man to have twice served as acting prime minister of India.
5 Indira Gandhi (1917–1984) 24 January 1966 to 24 March 1977
11 years, 59 days.
The Indian prime minister’s spouse, who took the oath of office
6 Morarji Desai (1896–1995) 24 March 1977 – 28 July 1979
2 years, 126 days.
First PM in 1977 following the emergency. At 81 years old, India’s oldest prime minister took the oath of office before resigning. His birthday was celebrated once every four years because he was born on February 29.
7 Charan Singh (1902–1987) 28 July 1979 to 14 January 1980
170 days.
Only PM who has never addressed the legislature
8 Indira Gandhi (1917–1984) 14 Jan.1980 to 31 Oct. 1984
4 years, 291 days.
Following the disaster in 1977, the first PM returned to power in 1980. Like her father, she also passed away while in office.
9 Rajiv Gandhi (1944–1991) 31 Oct 1984 to 2 Dec 1989
5 years, 32 days.
At the age of 40, he became India’s youngest prime minister.
10 V. P. Singh (1931–2008) 2 Dec 1989 to 10 Nov 1990
343 days.
First prime minister to leave following a no-confidence vote
11 Chandra Shekhar (1927–2007) 10 Nov 1990 to 21 June 1991
223 days.
He has never held a position of minister in any ministry.
12 P. V. Narasimha Rao (1921–2004) 21 June 1991 to 16 May 1996, 4 years, 330 days. He was from Andhra Pradesh and served as the nation’s first South Indian prime minister.
13 Atal Bihari Vajpayee (1924-2018) 16 May 1996 to 1 June 1996
16 days.
The shortest tenure of any Indian PM is 16 days as PM.
14 H. D. Deve Gowda (born 1933) 1 June 1996 to 21 April 1997
324 days.
He succeeded as South India’s second prime minister. He is a Karnataka native. But he didn’t work there for more than a year.
15 Inder Kumar Gujral  (1919–2012)  21 April 1997 to 19 March 1998
332 days.
After Indra Gandhi and Deve Gowda, the third Prime Minister came from the Upper House.
16 Atal Bihari Vajpayee  (born 1924-2018) 19 March 1998 to 22 May 2004
6 years, 64 days.
First non-Congress Prime Minister of independent India to serve out his full tenure
17 Manmohan Singh  (born 1932) 22 May 2004 to 26 May 2014
10 years, 4 days.
First PM of India from a minority community.
18 Narendra Modi (born 1950)  2014-Present Three PMs served two terms or more prior to Modi. In 2019, he too was added to this coveted list.

List of Presidents of India 

Who is called the Prime Minister of India?

  • The Prime Minister of India is the head of government of the Republic of India.
  • Even though the President of India is the constitutional, nominal, and ceremonial head of state, in ordinary parlance, the executive authority is vested in the Prime Minister and his chosen Council of Ministers.
  • In 72 years of independence, India has got its 19 Prime Ministers.
  • Uttar Pradesh is the state which has given the most number of Prime Ministers.

List of Cabinate Ministers of India 

Brief Introduction of Prime Ministers of India

India has seen a succession of remarkable leaders who have held the prestigious position of Prime Minister. These individuals have played a pivotal role in shaping the destiny of the nation and have been instrumental in navigating India through its political, economic, and social challenges. From Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of independent India, to the current Prime Minister Narendra Modi, each leader has brought their unique vision and leadership style to the forefront.

Jawaharlal Nehru(15th Aug 1947- 27th May 1964)

Shri Jawaharlal Nehru

  • He was the first Prime Minister of independent India who played an important role in shaping modern India by transmitting modern values and thinking.
  • Being a social reformer, one of his major works was reforming the ancient Hindu civil code, which gave Hindu widows equal rights to men.
  • He was also the author of many books like Discovery of India.

Gulzarilal Nanda

  • 1st Term- Interim(27th May 1964- 9th Jun 1964)Shri Gulzari Lal Nanda
  • 2nd Term- 11th January 1966- 24th January 1966
  • The first interim Prime Minister of India. Basically, he served twice as an interim PM in 1964 after Jawaharlal Nehru’s death and then in 1966 when Lal Bahadur Shastri passed away.
  • He also received India’s highest civilian honor, Bharat Ratna, in 1997.

Lal Bahadur Shastri(9th June 1964 -11th January 1966)

Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri

  • An ardent follower of Mahatma Gandhi, who gave the popular slogan ‘Jai Jawan Jai Kisan’ after the 1965 India- Pakistan war.
  • He was a soft-spoken person who promoted the ‘White Revolution’ to increase milk production in India. Then, this great personality died in USSR during his visit.



Indira Gandhi

  • First Term(24th January 1966- 24th March 1977)Smt. Indira Gandhi
  • Second Term(14th January 1980- 31st October 1984)
  • She was the first woman Prime Minister of India & also the world’s longest-serving woman PM.
  • Her contributions were remembered for India’s win over Pakistan in 1971.
  • However, she is also criticized for the emergency imposed from 1975- 1977.
  • Ultimately, she was killed by her own bodyguards at her official residence in New Delhi.

Morarji Desai(24th March 1977- 28th July 1979)

Shri Morarji Desai

  • Morarji Desai was the first non-Congress Prime Minister of India.
  • He and his minister formally ended the state of emergency that Indira Gandhi from 1975-1977 imposed.
  • He is also considered one of the oldest individuals to take over the responsibilities of the Prime Minister and was also the Indian PM to resign during his tenure.



Charan Singh(28th July 1979- 14th January 1980)

Shri Charan Singh

  • Charan Singh has been the Revenue Minister of Uttar Pradesh who removed the Zamindari system and brought in Land Reform Acts.
  • Afterward, in 1970 Charan Singh also became the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh.

Rajiv Gandhi(31st October 1984- 2nd December 1989)

Shri Rajiv Gandhi

  • Rajiv Gandhi became the youngest Prime Minister to take office and played a significant role in bringing computers to India.
  • He modernized the Indian administration & worked for improving the bilateral relationships with the US, which undoubtedly expanded economic cooperation.
  • He was also the second PM of India to have been killed during his tenure, after Indira Gandhi.


Shri Vishwanath Pratap Singh(2nd December 1989- 10th November 1990)

Shri Vishwanath Pratap Singh

  • V.P. Singh was the founder of Gopal Vidyalaya, Allahabad. He was first appointed as a Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh by Indira Gandhi.
  • Later he became the Prime Minister of India. Under his tenure, the decision to provide 27% reservation to OBC was implemented.
  • He was also the first Indian Prime Minister who had to step down after a no-confidence motion.

Chandra Shekhar(10th November 1990-21st June 1991)

Shri Chandra Shekhar

  • Chandra Shekhar, the 9th Prime Minister, had been a part of several political parties.
  • First, he was a member of the Socialist Party and later joined the Congress and then the Janata Dal Party.
  • He was the President of the Janata Party from 1977- 1988.

P.V. Narasimha Rao(21st June 1991- 16th May 1996)

Shri P. V. Narasimha Rao

  • P. V. Narasimha Rao was one of the brilliant administrators who brought major economic reforms.
  • He is also known as the Father of Indian Economic Reforms.
  • It was him who dismantled the License Raj and reversed the socialist policies of Rajiv Gandhi’s government.
  • Due to such abilities and work, he is also referred to as ‘Chanakya’.

Atal Bihari Vajpayee

  • First Term(16th May 1996-1st June 1996)

  • Second Term(18th March 1998- 22nd May 2004)

Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee

  • Atal Bihari Vajpayee was one of the finest Prime Ministers our country had ever seen. During his tenure, inflation was very low in India.
  • He worked on economic reforms and policies, telecom sectors and focused more on rural India.
  • Interestingly, during his tenure, the India-Pakistan relationship got a little better.
  • He is one of the only leaders who has won six Lok Sabha constituencies from four different states (UP, Delhi, MP and Gujarat).


H.D. Deve Gowda(1st June 1996- 21st April 1997)

Shri H. D. Deve Gowda

  • Deve Gowda held additional charges of Home Affairs, Petroleum, and Chemicals, Urban Employment, Food processing, Personnel, etc., during that time.
  • He had been collectively elected as leader of the United Front coalition government.
  • The most significant work during his term as PM was his resistance to signing CTBT(Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty).

I.K. Gujral(21st April 1997- 18th March 1998)

Shri Inder Kumar Gujral

  • Shri Inder Kumar Gujral was sworn in as the 12th Prime Minister of India on Monday, the 21st of April, 1997.
  • Before assuming the office of the Prime Minister of India, Shri Gujral was the Minister of External Affairs from June 1, 1996, and held additional charge of the Ministry of Water Resources from June 28, 1996.
  • He was the Minister of External Affairs earlier during 1989-1990. He was Ambassador of India to U.S.S.R. (Cabinet Rank) from 1976-1980.


Manmohan Singh(22nd May 2004 -17th May 2014)

Dr. Manmohan Singh

  • The major task done during the tenure of Manmohan Singh was working for the reformation of the banking, the financial sector, and public companies.
  • His government brought in the value-added tax and worked & even the National Rural Health Mission commenced in the year 2005. Eight additional IITs were opened in Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, MP, Orissa, Gujarat, Punjab, Rajasthan, and Himachal Pradesh.

Narendra Modi

  • First Term(26th May 2014 -23rd May 2019)

  • Second Term(30th May 2019 -Incumbent)

List of Prime Ministers of India From 1947 to 2023_17.1

  • Sri Narendra Damodardas Modi held office as PM on May 26, 2014.
  • He is the 15th Prime Minister of India.
  • Since the beginning of his tenure in 2014, he has shown strict governance & has enforced many policies, such as the Jan Dhan Yojana, Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, the Clean Ganga project, etc., for the upliftment of the nation.
  • His government abrogated menaces like Triple Talaq, Article 370, etc.
  • Narendra Modi swore in as the 16th Prime Minister for the second term from May 30, 2019.



Important Facts about Prime Ministers of India for UPSC

The Prime Ministers of India have played a pivotal role in shaping the nation’s destiny and have left a lasting impact on its political, economic, and social fabric. From Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister, who laid the foundation of India’s democracy and initiated its economic planning, to leaders like Indira Gandhi, Rajiv Gandhi, and Atal Bihari Vajpayee, each Prime Minister has contributed to the country’s progress in their unique way. Whether

Longest-serving Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru (1947 – 1964)
India’s second-longest-serving Prime Minister Indira Gandhi
Two times as acting Prime Minister Gulzari Lal Nanda
The Bharat Ratna was awarded to the first Female Prime Minister Indira Gandhi
First Prime Minister of India who was not a member of the Congress Morarji Desai
The highest civilian honor in Pakistan was given to the Indian Prime Minister Morarji Desai
India’s Youngest Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi
First South Indian Prime Minister P.V. Narasimha Rao
The first Prime Minister of India who was a member of the Rajya Sabha Indira Gandhi
Relatable Links
List of Chief Election Commissioners of India  List of Lok Sabha Speakers of India 
List of Chief Justices of India 1950-2022 List of Chief Justice of India 
List of Health Ministers of India  List of Railway Ministers of India 


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Who was the first Prime Minister of India?

The first Prime Minister of India was Jawaharlal Nehru. He served as the Prime Minister from 1947 to 1964.

Who served as the longest-serving Prime Minister?

The longest-serving Prime Minister of India is Jawaharlal Nehru. He held the position for a total of 17 years until his death in 1964.

How are Prime Ministers elected in India?

The Prime Minister of India is not directly elected by the public. Instead, they are elected by Members of Parliament (MPs) from the ruling party or coalition through an internal election.

Can a Prime Minister be removed from office?

Yes, a Prime Minister can be removed from office through a vote of no-confidence in the Parliament. If the majority of MPs vote against the Prime Minister, they have to resign from their position.

What is the role of the Prime Minister's Office?

The Prime Minister's Office (PMO) is the central administrative office that supports the Prime Minister in their duties. It provides assistance in policy formulation, decision-making, and coordination between various government departments.

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