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‘ZAPAD 2021’ Exercise

‘ZAPAD 2021’ Exercise- Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 3: Security- Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

'ZAPAD 2021' Exercise_3.1

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‘ZAPAD 2021’ Exercise- Context

  • Recently, the Indian Army has informed that a 200 members contingent of the Indian Army will participate in Exercise ZAPAD 2021.
  • Exercise ‘ZAPAD 2021’ is being held at Nizhniy in Russia from 3-16 September 2021.

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‘ZAPAD 2021’ Exercise- Key Points

  • About Exercise ‘ZAPAD 2021’: It is a Multi Nation exercise led by Russia.
  • Focus Area: ZAPAD 2021 is one of the theatre-level exercises of Russian Armed Forces and will focus primarily on operations against terrorists along with boosting anti-terror cooperation.
  • Participation of Countries: 17 countries from Eurasia and South Asia will also participate in the same exercise. Among these-
    • 9 countries are Participating countries which include Mongolia, Armenia, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Serbia, Russia, India, and Belarus.
    • Other eight countries are Observers which include Pakistan, China, Vietnam, Malaysia, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Uzbekistan, and Sri Lanka.
  • India’s Participation:
    • The NAGA Battalion group participating in the exercise will feature an all arms combined task force.
    • The exercise aims to enhance military and strategic ties amongst the participating nations while they plan and execute this exercise.

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Exercise INDRA: India- Russia Joint Military Exercise

  • About: Since 2003, the INDRA series of exercises were conducted as a bilateral naval exercise alternately between the two countries.
  • The first joint Tri-Services Exercise was conducted in 2017.
  • The last joint, tri-services exercise was conducted in India in December 2019. It was held simultaneously at Babina (near Jhansi), Pune, and Goa.
  • EXERCISE INDRA-21: 12th Edition of Indo-Russia joint military Exercise INDRA 2021 was held at Volgograd, Russia.
    • The exercise entailed the conduct of counter-terror operations under the United Nations mandate by a joint force against international terror groups.


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