UPSC Exam   »   Water issue in India: India to...

Water issue in India: India to Try New Groundwater Recharge Methods

 

Water issue in India UPSC: Relevance

  • GS 3: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

 

Water crisis in India: Context

  • Recently, the central government has planned to recharge groundwater using treated water to alleviate water shortages in Tamil Nadu.

 

Water issue in India: Key points

  • If the pilot proves to be successful, the method is likely to be replicated in other parts of the country as well.
  • Lack of fresh water to recharge groundwater is a huge issue in Tamil Nadu where saline sea water has seeped into the soil, making it infertile.
  • The artificial recharge project is being implemented in collaboration with the Netherlands.

 

Water issue in India: India to Try New Groundwater Recharge Methods_40.1

 

Issue of water crisis in India

  • NITI Aayog reported 30% Himalayan springs already dried up due to receding glaciers.
  • The hydro-electricity projects in Alaknanda and Bhagirathi have turned upper Ganga into ecological deserts.
  • Uranium contamination in groundwater due to mining in Rajasthan and Gujarat.
  • Proposed neutrino observatory in Tamil Nadu could lead to leaching of chemicals in groundwater.
  • Increasing incidence of water theft across the country.
  • NITI Aayog’s composite water management index reported
    • 600 million people faces high to extreme water stress.
    • persistent water crises will lead to 6% loss in the country’s GDP by 2030.
    • 75% of households do not have access to drinking water on premises.
    • 70% households lack piped water.

 

Water issue in India: India to Try New Groundwater Recharge Methods_50.1

 

Measures taken to manage the groundwater resources

  • Jal Shakti Abhiyan (JSA): Launched in 2019 to improve water availability including ground water conditions in the water stressed blocks of 256 districts in India.
  • Jal Shakti Abhiyan: Catch the Rain” (JSA:CTR): It has been launched with the theme “Catch the Rain – Where it Falls When it Falls” to cover all the blocks of all districts (rural as well as urban areas) across the country.
  • Atal Bhujal Yojana: It is a Rs.6,000 crore Central Sector Scheme, for sustainable management of ground water resources with community participation.
  • Master Plan for Artificial Recharge to Groundwater – 2020: It is a macro level plan prepared by the Central Ground Water Board. The plan envisages construction of about 1.42 crore rain water harvesting and artificial recharge structures in the country.
  • National Aquifer Mapping and Management program (NAQUIM): It envisages mapping of aquifers, their characterization and development of Aquifer Management Plans to facilitate sustainable management of groundwater resources in the country.
  • Other schemes: Artificial groundwater recharge/water harvesting works is also being supported MGNREGA and Prime Minister Krishi Sinchayee Yojana – Watershed Development component (PMKSY-WDC), ‘Surface Minor Irrigation (SMI) and Repair, Renovation and Restoration (RRR) of Water Bodies schemes’ a component of PMKSY.

 

Read current affairs for UPSC

Microplastic in Cauveri Harming Fish Drug Delivery by ‘Microswimmers’ SKOCH Summit 2022 | NMDC Wins two Awards at 80th SKOCH 2022 62nd National Exhibition of Arts
Expanding Heat Resilience Report National Time Release Study (TRS) 2022 How Dangerous is COVID XE Variant? India-US 2+ 2 Dialogue 2022
Madhavpur Mela Solid Fuel Ducted Ramjet Technology Global Wind Report 2022 AVSAR Scheme
RBI Releases Guidelines for Establishment of Digital Banking Units Cabinet Approves Distribution of Fortified Rice Managing Forest Fires in a Climate Change Lakshya Zero Dumpsite | SBM-Urban 2.0

Sharing is caring!

Thank You, Your details have been submitted we will get back to you.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published.