Analysis Of Kurukshetrara Magagzine
”Women’s Role in Jal Jeevan Mission”
”GS 2: Government Policies & Interventions”
”GS 3: Skill Development, Employment”
Since August 2019, the Government of India in partnership with the States is implementing Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) – Har Ghar Jal, to make provision of potable tap water supply to every rural household in the country by 2024.
What is Jal Jeevan Mission?
- Announced in 2019, Jal Jeevan Mission (JIM) is a huge step in improving the quality of life in villages and improving public health.
- JIM is under implementation in partnership with all the States to make provision of tap water supply to every rural household of the country.
- It is envisaged that by 2024, each household will have a potable tap-water supply in adequate quantity (55 lpcd) of prescribed quality (BIS: 10,500) on a regular and long-term basis.
- To implement this mission, institutional arrangements at various levels have been made.
How does JJM ensure Women Participation?
- A key benefit of the JJM is that the rural women, who suffer the drudgery of having to travel long distances to bring water home will be saved from the ordeal.
- Following this vision, it has been mandated that a minimum of 50% of the VWSC members would be women.
- This accords them a significant role in village water governance suiting their traditional role as water managers.
- Alleviating rural women of their drudgery in fetching water and Village Water and Sanitation bringing them ease of living.
- While ease of living is envisaged to give rural women an opportunity in self-reliance or atmanirbharta, and leverage their experience as village water managers in VWSCs, women are also given the role of custodian of water quality in their villages.
- Under the Mission, each village will have a cadre of 5 trained women formed to monitor the tap water quality provided in homes.
- With the active participation of people especially women, and rural communities working together, Jal Jeevan
Mission has become a Jan Andolan.
- Jal Jeevan Mission is a ‘bottom up’ approach where community plays a vital role from planning to implementation, management, operation and maintenance.
- To achieve this, Village Water & Sanitation Committee (VWSC)/ Pani Samiti are being constituted and strengthened; Village Action Plan are developed through community engagement; Implementation Support Agencies (ISAs) are engaged to support village communities in programme implementation and create awareness among people.