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The Jharkhand State Employment of Local Candidates Bill, 2021: Benefits and Drawbacks



  • GS 2: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes.



  • Recently, the Jharkhand Assembly has passed a Bill, which provides 75% reservation in the private sector for local people.


Key points

  • The benefit would be provided to the people earning up to ₹40,000 salary a month.
  • Once notified, Jharkhand will become the third State in the country, after Andhra Pradesh and Haryana, to pass such law.


The Constitution (127th Amendment) Bill, 2021


Supervision Committee

  • The Jharkhand State Employment of Local Candidates Bill, 2021 provides for the constitution of a committee headed by a designated officer to supervise the employment procedure and issue directions to the employer concerned as it may deem fit.
  • The committee will include Deputy Development Commissioner (DDC), Circle Officer (CO) and the local MLA.


Acts & Amendments


Why is it a good measure?

  • When the economic growth is unevenly distributed, the locals perceive that outsiders garner more shares of the gains from such growth.
  • Moreover, there is a need to preserve local languages and cultures and not fall prey to the temptation to impose a single or a common language on all.
  • Many experts often stress on the need to assimilate into the local conditions which means outsiders and migrants needs to learn the local language and observe the local customs.
  • Also, there might be fewer mishaps and accidents on the shop floor of manufacturing firms since there are lesser chances of communication gaps leading to such incidents.
  • Hiring locals who are familiar with the terrain and language is critical in customer facing roles.


Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order (Amendment) Bill, 2021


Drawbacks of such measures

  • There are chances that some of such jobs would be done by people who might be less qualified than those who could have got the job in normal circumstances.
  • Reserving jobs for locals narrows the supply of eligible candidates that can result in poor and shoddy work.
  • Regional chauvinism affects the industries and leads to deterioration in industrial growth.
  • There are many jobs that require specialised skills and innovative abilities that can go waste if the talent pool is narrowed.
  • Such measures can also result in the vitiation of the workplace culture since the workforce would be polarised and split into various groups.



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