Public Affairs Index 2021- Relevance for UPSC Exam
- Governance, Administration and Challenges- Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
Public Affairs Index 2021- Context
- Recently, the Public Affairs Centre (PAC) released the findings of the sixth edition of Public Affairs Index (PAI).
Public Affairs Index 2021- Key Points
- About: Public Affairs Index is an annual report published by the Public Affairs Centre (PAC).
- Public Affairs Centre is a Not-for-Profit Organization (NPO) based in Bengaluru (Karnataka).
- PAI 2021 ranks the States and Union Territories on the basis of their performance in the Sub-national governance for the overarching sustainable development pillars of Equity, Growth and Sustainability.
- There are 43 indicators that construct these 3 pillars and they aim to capture all the important human development aspects.
- Public Affairs Index (PAI) measures the governance performance of states in the context of sustainable development defined by equity, growth and sustainability pillars.
- Additional Features of PAI 2021:
- Public Affairs Index (PAI) 2021 also features analysis of five Centre-sponsored schemes that aid in key development parameters of health, education and livelihoods. These are-
- Mahatma Gandhi Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme,
- National Health Mission,
- Integrated Child Development Services,
- Samagra Siksha Abhiyan, and
- Midday Meal Scheme
- Public Affairs Index (PAI) 2021 includes a ranking of the states on the basis of their performance during the COVID-19 pandemic.
- This is in addition to Delta Analysis measuring year-on-year performance and Cluster Analysis of states.
Public Affairs Index (PAI) 2021- Key Findings
- Top performers: Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Telangana occupy the top three spots due to their consistent performance across both pillars.
- Two Pillars- COVID-19 Response Index and year-on-year performance and Cluster Analysis of states.
- Karnataka dropped three places to be adjudged seventh in the Public Affairs Index (PAI) 2021.
- MGNAREGA Implementation: Kerala topped in this category. Karnataka was ranked fourth among states.
- Mid-Day Meal Scheme (MDMS) Implementation: Goa topped in this category while Karnataka ranked seventh.
- Samagra Shiksha Abhiyan (SmSA) Implementation: Chhattisgarh topped in this category with a score of 0.907.
- National Health Mission (NHM) Implementation: Kerala (1.499) topped in this category.
- Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) scheme: Odisha topped in this category.
- Covid-19 response index: Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh were the top three states in this category. Karnataka ranked fifth.
- This index subsumed preparedness and containment.