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Public Affairs Index 2021

Public Affairs Index 2021- Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • Governance, Administration and Challenges- Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

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Public Affairs Index 2021- Context

  • Recently, the Public Affairs Centre (PAC) released the findings of the sixth edition of Public Affairs Index (PAI).

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Public Affairs Index 2021- Key Points

  • About: Public Affairs Index is an annual report published by the Public Affairs Centre (PAC).
    • Public Affairs Centre is a Not-for-Profit Organization (NPO) based in Bengaluru (Karnataka).
  • PAI 2021 ranks the States and Union Territories on the basis of their performance in the Sub-national governance for the overarching sustainable development pillars of Equity, Growth and Sustainability.
    • There are 43 indicators that construct these 3 pillars and they aim to capture all the important human development aspects.
  • Criteria:
    • Public Affairs Index (PAI) measures the governance performance of states in the context of sustainable development defined by equity, growth and sustainability pillars.
  • Additional Features of PAI 2021:
    • Public Affairs Index (PAI) 2021 also features analysis of five Centre-sponsored schemes that aid in key development parameters of health, education and livelihoods. These are-
      1. Mahatma Gandhi Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme,
      2. National Health Mission,
      3. Integrated Child Development Services,
      4. Samagra Siksha Abhiyan, and
      5. Midday Meal Scheme
  • Public Affairs Index (PAI) 2021 includes a ranking of the states on the basis of their performance during the COVID-19 pandemic.
    • This is in addition to Delta Analysis measuring year-on-year performance and Cluster Analysis of states.

Infrastructure for Resilient Island States Initiative


Public Affairs Index (PAI) 2021- Key Findings

  • Top performers: Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Telangana occupy the top three spots due to their consistent performance across both pillars.
    • Two Pillars- COVID-19 Response Index and year-on-year performance and Cluster Analysis of states.
  • Karnataka dropped three places to be adjudged seventh in the Public Affairs Index (PAI) 2021.
  • MGNAREGA Implementation: Kerala topped in this category. Karnataka was ranked fourth among states.
  • Mid-Day Meal Scheme (MDMS) Implementation: Goa topped in this category while Karnataka ranked seventh.
  • Samagra Shiksha Abhiyan (SmSA) Implementation: Chhattisgarh topped in this category with a score of 0.907.
  • National Health Mission (NHM) Implementation: Kerala (1.499) topped in this category.
  • Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) scheme: Odisha topped in this category.
  • Covid-19 response index: Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh were the top three states in this category. Karnataka ranked fifth.
    • This index subsumed preparedness and containment.


COP26 Glasgow Summit of UNFCC- India’s Commitments

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