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List of Important Government Schemes in India 2024

In 2024, the Indian government launched a range of programs focused on advancing the socio-economic development of the nation. These carefully crafted initiatives were designed to uplift disadvantaged and marginalized communities, enhance infrastructure, and stimulate economic progress. Here, we’ll explore several notable endeavors introduced by the Indian government during this period.

Important Schemes of Indian Government 2024

To address the myriad social and economic challenges confronting its citizens, the Indian government has introduced a series of initiatives this year. These endeavors aim to improve the overall welfare of the nation. In 2022, a variety of new programs will be launched, while existing initiatives with expired terms will be rejuvenated with extended policy durations.

Annually, a range of initiatives and schemes are introduced to tackle the issues faced by the public. Funding for these strategies and programs is typically shared between the central and state governments. This article has highlighted several noteworthy government efforts scheduled for implementation in India in 2023-24.

List of Important Schemes of Indian Govt 2024

Here are some of the important schemes of the Indian Government as of 2024-

  1. Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY)
  2. Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana (PMJJBY)
  3. Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana (PMSBY)
  4. Ayushman Bharat Yojana (ABY)
  5. Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY)
  6. Atal Pension Yojana (APY)
  7. Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao Yojana
  8. Digital India Programme
  9. Swachh Bharat Abhiyan
  10. Make in India Programme
  11. National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM)
  12. Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY)
  13. Skill India Mission
  14. Start-up India Programme
  15. Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY)
  16. National Health Protection Scheme (NHPS)
  17. Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY)
  18. Smart Cities Mission
  19. Udaan Scheme
  20. Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY)
  21.  Poshan Abhiyan 

List of Important Govt Schemes of India in 2024

In 2024, the Indian government initiated numerous significant schemes aimed at tackling various socio-economic challenges and fostering inclusive development nationwide.

Indian Government Ministry Govt Scheme
Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, GoI Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Nidhi
Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Aarogya Yojana
National Digital Health Mission
Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojna
Intensified Mission Indradhanush 3.0
Ministry of Education, GoI STARS Project
Institutions of Eminence Scheme
Mid-May Meal
Swach Vidyalaya Abhiyan
Kala Utsav
Shikshav Parv Initiative
Scheme for Promotion of Academic and Research Collaboration  (SPARC)
Higher Education Financing Agency (HEFA)
Ministry of Women and Child Development, GoI Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojna
Poshan Abhiyan
Rashtriya Poshan Maah
Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship, GoI Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojna
Ministry of Rural Development, GoI Unique Land Parcel Identification Number (ULPIN) Scheme
National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP)
Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS)
Rashtriya Aajivika Mission
Gram Panchayat Development Plans
Startup Village Entrepreneurship Programme
DDU Grameen Kaushalya Yojna
Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojna
Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs, GoI Global Housing Technology Challenge
Safaimitra Suraksha Challenge
Climate-Smart City Assessment Framework
Swachh Sarvekshan 2021
Ministry of Jal Shakti, GoI Rashtriya Swachhta Kendra
Grand ICT Challenge
Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment, GoI Ambekar Social Innovation & Incubation Mission
Ministry of Finance, GoI Saral Jeevan Bima
Ministry of Commerce & Industry, GoI One District One Product Scheme
PRARAMBH: Startup India International Summit
Merchandise Export From India Scheme
Ministry of Textiles, GoI SAMARTH Scheme
National Technical Textile Mission
Ministry of Ports, Shipping & Waterways, GoI Sagarmala Sea Plane Services
National Authority For Recycling of Ships
Ministry of Labor & Employment, GoI Atal Beemit Vyakti Kalyan Yojna
Nation Career Service Project
Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food, and Public Distribution, GoI Bureau of Indian Standards
Consumer Protection (E-commerce) Rules, 2020
Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation, GoI MPLADS (Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme)
NITI Aayog, GoI


Vision 2035
NPMPF (‘National Program and Project Management Policy Framework’)
Aatmanirbhar Bharat ARISE-Atal New India Challenge
Minister of Railways, Commerce, and Industry, Consumer Affairs and Food and Public Distribution, GoI Startup India Seed Fund Scheme (SISFS)

Latest Government Schemes in India

Recently, the Indian government has introduced several important programs to tackle different social and economic problems and encourage development for everyone in the country. Some of these latest government plans include PMGKY, which helps people during the COVID-19 pandemic, the Atmanirbhar Bharat Rozgar Yojana for creating jobs, the PLI scheme to boost manufacturing in important areas, the Swachh Bharat Mission (Phase 2) for clean sanitation facilities, and the Jal Jeevan Mission to make sure every household has safe drinking water.

Latest Government Scheme in India Launch Date of Govt Scheme
Startup India Seed Fund Scheme (SISFS) 1 April 2021
Ayushman Sahakar Scheme 19 Oct 2020
Pradhan Mantri Annadata Aay SanraksHan Abhiyan (PM AASHA) Sept 2018
SATAT Scheme (Sustainable Alternative Towards Affordable Transportation) Oct 2018
Mission Sagar May 2020
NIRVIK Scheme (Niryat Rin Vikas Yojana) 1 Feb 2020
SVAMITVA Scheme (Survey of Villages and Mapping with Improvised Technology in Village Areas) 24 April 2020
National Technical Textiles Mission (NTTM) 26 Feb 2020
Mission COVID Suraksha 29 November 2020
DHRUV – PM Innovative Learning Programme 10 Oct 2019
SERB-POWER Scheme (Promoting Opportunities for Women in Exploratory Research) 29 Oct 2020
One Nation One Ration Card Scheme (ONORCS) 9 August 2019
Prime Minister Street Vendor’s AtmaNirbhar Nidhi (PM SVANidhi) 1 June 2020
Mission Karmayogi 2 Sep 2020
Sahakar Mitra Scheme 12 June 2020
Pradhan Mantri Vaya Vandana Yojana 4 May 2017

Government Schemes in India

The Indian government has initiated various programs through its ministries to enhance the social and economic well-being of the nation. These schemes hold significance for government job examinations such as the UPSC Civil Services Exam. Here are several key government initiatives to be acquainted with in 2024.

1. Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY)

Government Schemes in India: The Government of India aims to offer affordable housing to urban residents by 2022 through this program, which was first introduced on June 25, 2015. The Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana offers interest rates starting at 6.5 percent annually for up to 20 years. His eligibility for the EWS and LIG categories has been extended through March 31, 2022.

Government Schemes in India: Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY)

2. Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojna

Introduced on March 26, 2020, this program provides food security for the poor. Each ration card holder receives 5 kilograms of rice or wheat and 1 kg of dal as part of the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana program. This scheme initially covered 80 crore ration cards for 3 months in 2020 and has been authorized for an additional four months in 2022.

Government Schemes in India: Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana

3. Meri Policy Mere Hath

This program was introduced through the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana to provide crop insurance to farmers. The policy makes certain that farming communities are well-informed and resourced. The Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana provides funding, and farmers who have experienced crop loss or damage will receive financial assistance.

4. Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan

The Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan scheme provides strategic funding for qualifying state higher education institutions to improve efficiency and access to higher education.

Government Schemes in India: Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan

5. Support for marginal individuals for livelihood and enterprise (SMILE)

This program helps marginalized individuals recover and provides them with medical facilities, counseling, skill development, and economic linkage. It is carried out with the assistance of the State and Union Territory administrations, community-based groups, local urban bodies, nongovernmental organizations, institutes, and others.

Government Schemes in India: Support for marginal individuals for livelihood and enterprise (SMILE)

6. Jal Jeevan Yojana

By 2022, the Jal Jeevan mission hopes to have connected four crore rural families to the public water system. The Jal Jeevan Mission or Har Ghar Jal Mission emphasizes achieving community involvement and technology service delivery by 2024 and will receive 60,000 crores of rupees from the union budget in 2022.

Government Schemes in India: Jal Jeevan Yojana

7. Jalshakti Abhiyan 2022

The Jal Shakti Abhiyan campaign launched a new program called Catch the Rain from March 29, 2022, to November 30, 2022. The program aims to improve water conservation and management.

Government Schemes in India: Jalshakti Abhiyan 2022

8. Ayushman Bharat Yojana

The Ayushman Bharat Yojana, also known as Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana, was launched in 2018. It aims to provide health insurance coverage of up to Rs. 5 lahks per family per year to over 10 crore families who are vulnerable and do not have access to quality healthcare. The scheme covers both primary and secondary healthcare services and is one of the largest healthcare schemes in the world.

Government Schemes in India: Ayushman Bharat Yojana

9. Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana

The Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana (PM-KISAN) was launched in 2019 to provide income support to farmers. Under this scheme, eligible farmers receive Rs. 6,000 per year in three equal installments of Rs. 2,000 each directly into their bank accounts. The scheme aims to ensure a minimum income for farmers and reduce their financial distress.

Government Schemes in India: Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana

10. Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan was launched in 2014 to promote cleanliness and sanitation across the country. The scheme aims to eliminate open defecation, promote waste management, and improve overall hygiene. The scheme has been successful in achieving its objectives, and India has made significant progress in improving its sanitation infrastructure.

Government Schemes in India: Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

11. Digital India

The Digital India scheme was launched in 2015 to transform India into a digitally empowered society and knowledge economy. The scheme aims to provide broadband connectivity to all citizens, promote digital literacy, and provide digital services to all. The scheme has been successful in promoting the use of digital technologies in various sectors and has helped in the growth of the digital economy.

Government Schemes in India: Digital India

12. Make in India

The Make in India scheme was launched in 2014 to promote manufacturing and attract foreign investment to India. The scheme aims to make India a manufacturing hub and promote the growth of the manufacturing sector. The scheme has been successful in attracting foreign investment and creating job opportunities in the manufacturing sector.

Government Schemes in India: Make in India

13. Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao

The Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao scheme was launched in 2015 to address the issue of the declining child sex ratio and promote the education of girls. The scheme aims to ensure the survival, protection, and education of the girl child. The scheme has been successful in creating awareness about the importance of educating girls and has led to an improvement in the child-sex ratio in some parts of the country.

Government Schemes in India: Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao

14. Government Schemes in India: Skill India

The Skill India scheme was launched in 2015 to provide skill training to the youth of the country and improve their employability. The scheme aims to provide training in various skills and sectors and promote entrepreneurship. The scheme has been successful in providing skill training to a large number of people and has helped in the growth of the skilled workforce in the country.

Government Schemes in India: Skill India

The Indian government has launched several government schemes in India to promote the socio-economic development of the country. These schemes aim to address various issues such as healthcare, education, sanitation, and employment. The schemes have been successful in achieving their objectives and have contributed significantly to the overall development of the country.

Why Indian government scheme is important for UPSC?

The importance of these Indian Government schemes is to solve many social and economic problems faced by people who live in urban and rural areas and are a citizen of India. An Indian must be aware of all the schemes introduced by the state or central government. A list of government schemes is one of the most important areas of preparation for the UPSC Civil Services Exam. The Indian Government can be asked in the UPSC Prelims Exam.

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What are Indian Government Schemes?

Indian Government Schemes are initiatives and programs launched by the government to address various social, economic, and developmental challenges faced by the citizens. These schemes aim to promote inclusive growth, improve healthcare, education, sanitation, and provide financial support to specific sectors.

Why are Indian Government Schemes important for UPSC preparation?

Indian Government Schemes play a crucial role in UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) preparation as they are often part of the examination syllabus. Aspirants are expected to have a comprehensive understanding of these schemes to answer questions related to governance, socio-economic development, and public policies in the UPSC Civil Services Exam.

How often are new government schemes introduced in India?

New government schemes are introduced regularly, and the frequency depends on the priorities of the government and the evolving needs of the society. Some schemes are part of annual budgets, while others may be introduced in response to emerging challenges or specific sectors requiring attention.

Are there any notable government schemes introduced in 2024?

Yes, several notable government schemes were introduced in 2024 to advance the socio-economic development of the nation. Some examples include Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana, Ayushman Bharat Yojana, and Mission Karmayogi. These initiatives focus on financial inclusion, healthcare, and skill development.

About the Author

Hey there! I'm Nikesh, a content writer at Adda247. I specialize in creating informative content focused on UPSC and State PSC exams. Join me as we unravel the complexities of these exams and turn aspirations into achievements together!

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