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Reforms in health sector: eSanjeevani Integrated with ABDM


eSanjeevani UPSC: Relevance

  • GS 2: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.


eSanjeevani telemedicine: Context

  • Recently, National Health Authority (NHA) announces the successful integration of eSanjeevani with its flagship scheme – Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission (ABDM).


eSanjeevani and ABDM mission: Key points

  • This integration allows the existing users of eSanjeevani to easily create their Ayushman Bharat Health Account (ABHA) and use it to link and manage their existing health records like prescriptions, lab reports, etc.
  • The users would also be able to share their health records with doctors on eSanjeevani which will help in better clinical decision making and ensuring the continuum of care.


Reforms in health sector: eSanjeevani Integrated with ABDM_40.1


What is eSanjeevani?

  • eSanjeevani is a telemedicine service of the telemedicine service of Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW).
  • eSanjeevani service is available in two variants:
  • eSanjeevani Ayushman Bharat-Health and Wellness Centre (AB-HWC): It is a Doctor-to-Doctor telemedicine service under Ayushman Bharat-Health and Wellness Centres scheme of the Government of India, to provide general and specialised health services in rural areas and isolated communities.
  • eSanjeevaniOPD: This is a patient-to-doctor telemedicine service to enable people to get outpatient services in the confines of their homes. ‘eSanjeevaniOPD’ has also been speedily and widely adopted by citizens in all parts of the country. It is available as a mobile app for both Android and iOS based smart phones, and these apps have seen over 3 million downloads.
  • eSanjeevaniOPD now enables creation of Ayushman Bharat Health Account (ABHA), which will facilitate access and shareability of health data with consent of the beneficiary, with participating healthcare providers and beneficiaries as per Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission (ABDM).


eSanjeevani significance

  • eSanjevani was initially launched to amid the COVID 19 pandemic to enable patient to doctor tele-consultation.
  • Offered at no cost, eSanjeevani app has made it convenient for the people to avail of the health services without having to travel to any hospital.
  • The telemedicine includes many specialty OPDs such as Psychiatry, Gynecology, Non-Communicable Disease (NCD), Pediatrics, Oncology etc.
  • This is very useful for the people in the rural areas who don’t have easy access to medical specialists located in cites.


Reforms in health sector: eSanjeevani Integrated with ABDM_50.1


What is Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission?

  • Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission (ABDM) aims to create a seamless online platform through the provision of a wide-range of data, information and infrastructure services, duly leveraging open, interoperable, standards-based digital systems while ensuring the security, confidentiality and privacy of health-related personal information.
  • Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission aims to connect the digital health solutions of hospitals across the country with each other.
  • Under this program, every citizen will now get a digital health ID and their health record will be digitally protected.
  • The mission was first implemented on a pilot basis in six Union Territories—Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Chandigarh, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu, Ladakh, Lakshadweep, and Puducherry.
  • After the successful demonstration of technology platform developed by the NHA, the cabinet has rolled out its nationwide implementation.
  • The initiative is designed to benefit the poor and middle class, specifically in finding the right doctor and a hospital.


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